territoriality, and sovereignty in Africa’, CODESRIA Bulletin (): Mbome, F.X. () ‘Les relations entre le Cameroun et le Nigeria: L’affaire Bakassi’. Affaire Bakassi: genèse, évolution et dénouement de l’affaire de la frontière terrestre et maritime Cameroun-Nigeria (). Responsibility: Guy Roger . “Les Relations entre le Cameroon et le Nigeria: 1’affaire Bakassi,” Afrique , no. 25 () The author reviews the long-standing territorial dispute.

Author: Nazuru Vokus
Country: India
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Life
Published (Last): 2 October 2011
Pages: 208
PDF File Size: 6.76 Mb
ePub File Size: 18.90 Mb
ISBN: 453-2-68869-375-5
Downloads: 60183
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Tygokree

However, Nigeria never ratified the agreement, qffaire Cameroon regarded it as being in force. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. However, the area has aroused considerable interest from oil companies in the light of the discovery of rich reserves of high grade crude oil in Nigeria. It instructed Nigeria to transfer possession of the peninsula, but did not require the inhabitants to move or to change their bqkassi.

The outcome of the controversy was a de facto Nigerian refusal to withdraw its troops from Bakassi and transfer sovereignty.

Annan said, “With today’s agreement on the Bakassi peninsula, a comprehensive resolution of the dispute is within our bskassi. Archived from the original on 22 April It aroused vitriolic comments from Nigerian officials and the Nigerian media alike.

SearchWorks Catalog

A further summit was held on 31 January Secretary-General Kofi Annan stepped in as a mediator and chaired a tripartite summit with the two countries’ presidents on 15 Novemberwhich established a commission to facilitate the peaceful implementation of the ICJ’s judgement. The territory subsequently became de facto part of Nigeriaalthough the border was never permanently delineated.

Retrieved from ” https: This secession was announced on 9 Julyas the “Democratic Republic of Bakassi”. The line was drawn through the Cross River estuary to the west of the peninsula, thereby implying Cameroonian ownership over Bakassi.

The case was extremely complex, requiring the court to review diplomatic exchanges dating back over years. The peninsula is commonly described as “oil-rich”, though in fact no commercially viable deposits of oil have been discovered.


Despite the formal handover of Bakassi by Nigeria to Cameroon inthe territory of Bakassi is still reflected as part of the local governments in Nigeria as embodied in the First Schedule, Part I of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, Nigeria and Cameroon have disputed the possession of Bakassi for some years, leading to considerable tension between the two countries.

Bakassi is a peninsula on the Gulf of Guinea. However, documents released by the Cameroonians, in parity with that of the British and Germans, clearly places Bakassi under Cameroonian Territory as a consequence of colonial era Anglo-German agreements. The decision was reportedly made at a meeting on 2 July and The Vanguard newspaper of Nigeria reported the decision to secede.

Bakassi – Wikipedia

This enabled the British Empire to exercise control over the entire territory around Calabar, including Bakassi. Retrieved 5 November — via news.

Cameroon pointed to the Anglo-German treaty ofwhich defined sphere of control in the region, as well as two agreements signed qffaire the s between Cameroon and Nigeria. In the two countries went to the brink of war over Bakassi and another area around Lake Chadat the other end of the two countries’ common border.

Archived from the original on 13 August Retrieved 18 January What it is and how it Works. It lies between the Cross River estuary, near the city of Calabar in the west of the Bight of Biafra, and the Rio del Ray estuary on the east.

It is governed by Cameroonfollowing the transfer of sovereignty from neighbouring Nigeria as a result of a judgment by the International Court of Justice.

The Nigerian government did not, afvaire, openly reject the judgment but instead called for an agreement that would provide “peace with honour, with the interest and welfare of our people. baksssi


This makes the Bakassi area a very fertile fishing ground, comparable only to Newfoundland in North Avfaire and Scandinavia in Western Europe. The population of Bakassi is the subject of some dispute, but is generally put at betweenandpeople.

The Nigerian newspaper The Guardian went further, declaring that the judgment was “a rape and unforeseen potential international conspiracy against Nigerian territorial integrity and sovereignty” and “part of a Western ploy to foment and perpetuate trouble in Africa”. Nigeria began to withdraw its forces, comprising some 3, troops, beginning 1 Augustand a ceremony on 14 August marked the formal handover bkaassi the northern part of the peninsula.

More armed clashes broke out in the early s. At least eight multinational oil companies have participated in the exploration of the peninsula and its offshore waters. The remainder stayed under Nigerian civil authority bakasssi two more years.

Views Read Edit View history. The ICJ judgment was backed up by the United Nationswhose charter potentially allowed affaide or even the use of force to enforce the court’s ruling. The ICJ delivered its judgment on 10 Octoberfinding based principally on the Anglo-German agreements that sovereignty over Bakassi did indeed rest with Cameroon.

Bakassian leaders threatened to seek independence if Nigeria renounced sovereignty. Rosenne’s the World Court: Retrieved 26 April Most of the population make their living through fishing.

In other projects Wikimedia Commons. These two ocean currents interact, affaie huge foamy breakers which constantly advance towards the shore, and building submarine shoals rich in fish, shrimps, and a wide variety of other marine life forms.