The Agganna Sutta presents a Buddhist creation fable with a moral about castes. Here is a condensed version of the tale. AGGANNA SUTTA: On Knowledge of Beginnings. This is a text taken from a larger collection called the Long Discourses (Digha. Nikaya); the teachings. In contrast with the brahmin’s self-serving mythologies of the past, the Buddha presents an account of evolution that shows how human choices are an integral.

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About Contact Terms of Use. So zutta seized hold of him and said: And the good-looking ones despised the others, saying: We shall pay you with a share of rice. When the ground-sprouts had vanished, sutga pods appeared, like the fruit of the kadam tree. They came to the city at morning and evening only to gather food and after finishing gathering food, they returned to their huts and meditations.

Muni Sutta — The Sage Sn 1.

The Buddha then elaborates that if any of the caste does the following deeds: He calls it a kind of Buddhist book of Genesis, which is fair enough if one pays attention to the differences. But sooner or later, after a very long period, this world begins to expand again.

The Shramana Gotama is vastly influential and charming, while I only possess small influence. They would be profiting from their deeds, no matter what their caste might be.

When people noticed this they said: But for a second time, and a third time they did the same thing, and were told not to continue. What they took for supper in the evening, by the morning had grown back and ripened. The logical explanation of this was that the creatures were the self-illuminating, so blinding and luminous that they didn’t notice the Sun. Any mendicant from these four castes who is perfected—with defilements ended, who has completed the spiritual journey, done what had to be done, laid down the burden, achieved their own true goal, utterly ended the fetters of rebirth, and is rightly freed through enlightenment—is said to be the best by virtue of principle, not without principle.


The Sutta begins when the Buddha is staying in Savatthi, in the temple donated by Visakkha, the mother of Migara. Part of a series on Buddhism History. How on earth can one being do that to another? They took more rice than they needed for one day’s meals.

Then, mushroom -like plants began to grow so fast that they replaced the mud-like ocean. Then some of those same beings thought: The Origin of the World—Bhikkhu Sujato. I too say, Vasettha: As they ate and ate, their luminous body began to be coated by the mud substance, formed a coarser body, then suddenly, the sun and moon were seen, so were the stars, and also Night and Day began on Earth.

Also the rice grew in kernels and husks, scattered, which the creatures must work, nurse, maintain, harvest, and cook in order to obtain the white rice. And as they did so, their bodies became even coarser, and the difference in their looks increased still more They made leaf-huts in forest places and meditated in ssutta.

It appeared just like the curd on top of hot milk as it cools. They became lustful, and their bodies burned with fever. Word meanings are from the Digital Dictionary of Buddhism. At first, the others only warned the culprit and the culprit promised that he would never repeat it again.

So they went to the Buddha, bowed, and walked beside him. When they have obtained food they continue to meditate in the leaf huts. The people called them ‘Ajjhayaka’ which meant ‘They who don’t meditate’. King Pasenadi of Kosala knows that the ascetic Gotama has gone forth from the neighboring clan of the Sakyans. But some aristocrats refrain from killing living creatures, stealing, and committing sexual misconduct.


Canadian Journal of Buddhist Studies

For we used to be mind-made, feeding on rapture, self-luminous, moving through the sky, steadily glorious, and we remained like that for a very long time. People saw this and noted how they meditated. The Sudda caste came from the word ‘Sudda’ which means: They will even get into trouble from their own deeds, whatever their caste Brahmin, Khattiya, Vessa, and Sudda might be.

Vasettha and Bharadvaja answer that they did receive a ‘flood of insults’. Further, the Buddha proves that Dhamma is indeed the best thing of all things in life. For these are terms for the Realized One: He with knowledge and conduct is best of gods and men. So now let us divide up the rice into fields with boundaries.

DN27 Aggañña Sutta: On Knowledge of Beginnings

Then, he explains about the beginning of the Earth and the birth of social order and its structure, including sutts castes. To this extent the world had evolved once more. The moon and sun were not found, nor were stars and constellations, day and night, months and fortnights, years and seasons, or male and female.

Even the monarch thinks like this: And they are also seen among some brahmins, merchants, and workers.