Materiały na Seminarium Instytutu Spawalnictwa, Gliwice, Ambroziak A, Koralewicz Z, Korzeniowski M, Kustroń P. Kontrola jakości. Jakpol Ambroziak, Pułtusk, Poland. 34 likes · 2 were here. Prodkujemy : mąkę żytnia typ – mąkę żytnia typ – mąkę żytnia typ “sitkowa”. anych, Przegląd Spawalnictwa, No. 5–7, , pp. 51– [8] Ambroziak A., Korzeniowski M., Kustron P.: Quality control of spot welds – the chal- lenge for.

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The chemical compound of the tested materials according to [ 14 ]. The family of friction welding processes includes several methods, such as rotary friction welding RFWlinear friction welding LFWand the newest one, friction stir welding FSW. An identification of phases, which had been formed on the contact surface of the materials, has been carried out, and the quality of joints has been evaluated on the base of the static tensile test. In this article results of studies on cracks formation susceptibility in braze-welded joints of thin aluminum sheets and double-sided zinc galvanized steel sheets for car body parts made by laser brazing with high power diode laser ROFIN DL and CMT MIG-brazing, with filler material in form of powder and wire accordingly, were presented.

The deformation was observed behind the titanium layer on the AlMg3 side Ambrozuak 20 c.

On the base of the previous researches on the diffusion welding process [ 2930 ], the nickel has been selected. The comparison of shearing work of the friction welded AlMg3 aluminium alloy-austenitic steel joints and the surface area of the aluminium sediment on steel according to [ 26 ].

In the case of welding steel to aluminium, the excessively fragile intermetallic compounds lead spawalnicfwo the joint degradation. User Account Sign spawalnlctwo to save searches and organize your favorite content.

Using resistance spot welding for joining aluminium elements in automotive industry

References Publications referenced by this paper. The alloying additions, which are present in aluminium alloys especially magnesiumusually aggravate the metallurgical conditions of aluminium bonding [ 19 ]. Showing of 7 references. Further attempts have been taken to obtain better properties of the 42CrMo4 steel-AN40 aluminium alloy joint, by using some interlayers, formed with friction welding too. The parameters of friction welding and strength properties of joints of dissimilar materials aluminium and aluminium alloys spawalnictwk steel or titanium.


Compared to aluminium, magnesium is characterized by a higher diffusion coefficient and has significantly lower solubility in ambroziai. An occurrence of a narrow ambrozizk layer at the joining bound has been stated too. The surfaces of the samples for friction welding have been prepared with turning and washed in ethyl alcohol, directly before welding. Therefore, when using the friction welding the intermetallic phases are formed, despite joining in the solid state.

It has been stated that the joint was characterized by efficient tensile strength, if the width of the diffusion zone with intermetallic phases was 0. While for joints, which have been friction welded with low friction time, there was a continuous narrow diffusion zone with a diameter of few micrometers Figure 13 a ; the joints formed at longer friction time were characterized by local thickening of the diffusion layer and discontinuities on the aluminium side Figures 13 b and 13 c.

View of friction welded joints of Moreover if the steel has a tendency to create the quenching structures it is possible to remove the zone with high hardness in steel with the use of heat treatment.

In order to obtain high-quality joints the influence of different configurations of the process such as i changing the geometry of bonding surface, ii using the interlayer, or iii heat treatment was analyzed.

Leszek Łatka – Google Scholar Citations

Schedule document type Chimeric antigen receptor. Results of macro- and microscopic metallographic examinations, structural roentgenography, EDS microanalysis and hardness tests were presented. The top surface of the steel samples has been formed with accurate sample no.

Welding processes are classified as solid-state joining methods because the melting of joined materials does not occur these processes [ 1 — 3 ]. Depending on the type of joined materials and the process parameters different metal compounds having different properties may be formed. Therefore, when the thickness of the intermetallic phases was 0. This has been explained as a result of high degree of deformation and an intensive mixing of the materials. Seli and coauthors [ 10 ] have tried to model the heat distribution during the ambrozik welding of aluminium and structural ambrziak and connect akbroziak with the spawalnictwi of intermetallic phases.


Issue 4 First Online: Using of such high diameters of the samples has been determined by the desire to achieve the most accurate ambrozia of the research for their utilitarian purpose. Topics Discussed spawalnictw This Paper. However, recently, the most important seems to be the possibility of joining materials with different properties. But the alloying additions, which are present in aluminium alloys especially magnesiumusually aggravate the metallurgic conditions of aluminium bonding.

In the elaboration [ 21 ] it was stated that the Fe 2 Al 5 phase leached while bonding the A aluminium alloy with AISI stainless steel, during the friction welding process, at the contact surface.

There have been attempts of increasing the diffusion interaction on the surface of the ANCrMo4 steel joint, by additional annealing of the joint in the diffusion welder.

The microstructure of the joint is shown in Figure Their forming has influenced the various forms of the flash but has not caused an elimination of the intermetallic phases, on the surface of the materials being bonded Figure Electrode pitting in resistance spot welding of aluminium alloy In the Al-Fe equilibrium system, there is no solubility in a solid phase.

Friction Welding of Aluminium and Aluminium Alloys with Steel

Such prepared intermediate products were subsequently welded with an AN40 aluminium alloy sample no. View at Google Scholar M. Such behaviour may be caused that despite forming the intermetallic phases on the bound of AlMg3 alloy-X10CrNiTi spawalnctwo, the low thickness of the whole additional interlayer allowed stress transfer occurring in the joint during bending.

View of friction welded joints of AlMgSi0. Thus, using the titanium and AlMg3 interlayer in the AlMg3 alloy-X10CrNiTi austenitic steel joints has enabled to achieve a joint characterized by high strength and relatively high bending angle. The view of a bond zone of friction welded AlMg3 aluminium alloy-austenitic steel joints light microscope, nonetched specimen, sample no.

However, in the technological bending tests, bending angles within few degrees have been achieved, with a small dependence on the diameter of the bending mandrel.