Act 1: Scene 2 PEE paragraph by Sadie-Beth Holder on Prezi
In Act III, Scene 5 Juliet's parents inform her that they have promised her hand in marriage Capulet has changed his mind about Paris (earlier he had required the Count to She says in Act IV, Scene 2, In Macbeth Act 3, Scene 5 The Heath; eNotes educator 1 educator answer; Why is the study of literature important?. Michael Donkor studies the characters of Romeo and Juliet in Act 2, Scene 2 – otherwise known as the 'balcony scene'. is in fact Romeo Montague – a young man from the family her Capulet kin are warring with. One of these is the idea that after marriage it was women who should lose their names. Introduction. 1. Paper 1: Section A – Shakespeare. 2. Macbeth. 2. Romeo and Juliet. 8 Show understanding of the relationship between texts and the contexts in which they 3a) In this extract from macbeth Act 2 Scene 2 there is an argument . Capulet doesn't know about or understand her love for Romeo and does not.
Hie you to church; I must another way, To fetch a ladder, by the which your love Must climb a bird's nest soon when it is dark: She teases, but is completely devoted to Juliet.
She eventually betrays Juliet's wishes by giving her unkind advice. Even so, the Nurse is completely grief-stricken by Juliet's feigned death. She launches into endlessly long speeches, and makes dirty jokes while Lady Capulet attempts to have a serious discussion. The Nurse uses no less than 45 lines to describe a simple incident from Juliet's childhood. All the while, Lady Capulet is waiting to talk to Juliet about an important marriage proposal for Juliet.
Lady Capulet becomes annoyed, and demands the Nurse stop talking.
Not to be deterred, the Nurse continues her story and injects her thoughts throughout the conversation. Throughout the play, the Nurse is a character full of humorous jokes.
She is also the butt of some jokes made by others. She acts as a messenger, encourages the secret marriage, and even helps Romeo secretly enter Juliet's bedchamber. Later, however, the Nurse turns her position and encourages Juliet to abandon Romeo. At that point, Juliet stops confiding in her nurse. The Nurse is Devoted to Juliet When Juliet takes a sleeping potion, the Nurse believes, right along with everyone else, that Juliet is actually dead.
She is devastated by the loss of her young charge. At that point, the Nurse is no longer comic. She is entirely serious and wracked with grief. She is talkative, funny, annoying, and mischievous. She is also a bit unscrupulous, but completely devoted to Juliet. It is this devotion that leaves her saddened and grieving when she believes that Juliet is dead.
O woful, woful, woful day! Most lamentable day, most woful day, That ever, ever, I did yet behold! Never was seen so black a day as this: O woful day, O woful day! Good Peter, to hide her face; for her fan's the fairer face. In Romeo and Juliet, the Nurse is considered a comic relief character. She makes a number of jokes that relieve tension in scenes. Up to this point in the play, many scenes have been serious in nature.
The audience has witnessed fighting in the town square and some serious words between Romeo and Benvolio. The audience has also viewed the proposal from Count Paris for Juliet's hand in marriage. Now the scene is shifting to the Capulet household. The scene Act I sc. Lady Capulet asks the Nurse to call Juliet to her.
Read Romeo & Juliet in Modern English: Act 1, Scene 2
The Nurse responds with: Now, by my maidenhead, at twelve year old, I bade her come. This is a somewhat bawdy reference, in that the nurse is saying: The use of the word "maidenhead" was a common reference to the hymen, and thus to virginity.
Others Friar Laurence is a Franciscan friar and Romeo's confidant. Friar John is sent to deliver Friar Laurence's letter to Romeo. An Apothecary who reluctantly sells Romeo poison. A Chorus reads a prologue to each of the first two acts. Oil on canvas, The play, set in VeronaItalybegins with a street brawl between Montague and Capulet servants who, like their masters, are sworn enemies.
Prince Escalus of Verona intervenes and declares that further breach of the peace will be punishable by death. Later, Count Paris talks to Capulet about marrying his daughter Julietbut Capulet asks Paris to wait another two years and invites him to attend a planned Capulet ball. Lady Capulet and Juliet's nurse try to persuade Juliet to accept Paris's courtship.
Meanwhile, Benvolio talks with his cousin RomeoMontague's son, about Romeo's recent depression. Benvolio discovers that it stems from unrequited infatuation for a girl named Rosalineone of Capulet's nieces. Persuaded by Benvolio and MercutioRomeo attends the ball at the Capulet house in hopes of meeting Rosaline.
However, Romeo instead meets and falls in love with Juliet. Juliet's cousin, Tybaltis enraged at Romeo for sneaking into the ball but is only stopped from killing Romeo by Juliet's father, who does not wish to shed blood in his house. After the ball, in what is now called the "balcony scene", Romeo sneaks into the Capulet orchard and overhears Juliet at her window vowing her love to him in spite of her family's hatred of the Montagues.
Romeo makes himself known to her and they agree to be married. With the help of Friar Laurencewho hopes to reconcile the two families through their children's union, they are secretly married the next day.
Tybalt, meanwhile, still incensed that Romeo had sneaked into the Capulet ball, challenges him to a duel. Romeo, now considering Tybalt his kinsman, refuses to fight. Mercutio is offended by Tybalt's insolence, as well as Romeo's "vile submission",  and accepts the duel on Romeo's behalf. Mercutio is fatally wounded when Romeo attempts to break up the fight.
Grief-stricken and wracked with guilt, Romeo confronts and slays Tybalt. Benvolio argues that Romeo has justly executed Tybalt for the murder of Mercutio. The Prince, now having lost a kinsman in the warring families' feud, exiles Romeo from Verona, under penalty of death if he ever returns. Romeo secretly spends the night in Juliet's chamber, where they consummate their marriage. Capulet, misinterpreting Juliet's grief, agrees to marry her to Count Paris and threatens to disown her when she refuses to become Paris's "joyful bride".
Juliet visits Friar Laurence for help, and he offers her a potion that will put her into a deathlike coma for "two and forty hours". On the night before the wedding, she takes the drug and, when discovered apparently dead, she is laid in the family crypt. The messenger, however, does not reach Romeo and, instead, Romeo learns of Juliet's apparent death from his servant, Balthasar. Heartbroken, Romeo buys poison from an apothecary and goes to the Capulet crypt.
He encounters Paris who has come to mourn Juliet privately. Believing Romeo to be a vandal, Paris confronts him and, in the ensuing battle, Romeo kills Paris.
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Still believing Juliet to be dead, he drinks the poison. Juliet then awakens and, discovering that Romeo is dead, stabs herself with his dagger and joins him in death. The feuding families and the Prince meet at the tomb to find all three dead. Friar Laurence recounts the story of the two "star-cross'd lovers". The families are reconciled by their children's deaths and agree to end their violent feud. The play ends with the Prince's elegy for the lovers: Romeo and Juliet borrows from a tradition of tragic love stories dating back to antiquity.
One of these is Pyramus and Thisbefrom Ovid 's Metamorphoseswhich contains parallels to Shakespeare's story: History records the name of the family Montague as being lent to such a political party in Veronabut that of the Capulets as from a Cremonese family, both of whom play out their conflict in Lombardy as a whole rather than within the confines of Verona.
The earliest known version of the Romeo and Juliet tale akin to Shakespeare's play is the story of Mariotto and Gianozza by Masuccio Salernitanoin the 33rd novel of his Il Novellino published in His version of the story includes the secret marriage, the colluding friar, the fray where a prominent citizen is killed, Mariotto's exile, Gianozza's forced marriage, the potion plot, and the crucial message that goes astray.
In this version, Mariotto is caught and beheaded and Gianozza dies of grief. The next morning, the Savorgnans led an attack on the cityand many members of the Strumieri were murdered.
When years later, half-paralyzed from a battle-wound, he wrote Giulietta e Romeo in Montorso Vicentino from where he could see the "castles" of Veronahe dedicated the novella to bellisima e leggiadra madonna Lucina Savorgnan. Da Porto gave Romeo and Juliet most of its modern form, including the names of the lovers, the rival families of Montecchi and Capuleti, and the location in Verona.
Da Porto originated the remaining basic elements of the story: Bandello lengthened and weighed down the plot while leaving the storyline basically unchanged though he did introduce Benvolio. Boaistuau adds much moralising and sentiment, and the characters indulge in rhetorical outbursts. Shakespeare took advantage of this popularity: Romeo and Juliet is a dramatisation of Brooke's translation, and Shakespeare follows the poem closely but adds extra detail to both major and minor characters in particular the Nurse and Mercutio.
Juliet's nurse refers to an earthquake she says occurred 11 years ago. Other earthquakes—both in England and in Verona—have been proposed in support of the different dates. These are referred to as Q1 and Q2. The first printed edition, Q1, appeared in earlyprinted by John Danter.
Because its text contains numerous differences from the later editions, it is labelled a so-called ' bad quarto '; the 20th-century editor T. Spencer described it as "a detestable text, probably a reconstruction of the play from the imperfect memories of one or two of the actors", suggesting that it had been pirated for publication. Alternative theories are that some or all of 'the bad quartos' are early versions by Shakespeare or abbreviations made either for Shakespeare's company or for other companies.
It was printed in by Thomas Creede and published by Cuthbert Burby. Q2 is about lines longer than Q1. Scholars believe that Q2 was based on Shakespeare's pre-performance draft called his foul papers since there are textual oddities such as variable tags for characters and "false starts" for speeches that were presumably struck through by the author but erroneously preserved by the typesetter.
It is a much more complete and reliable text and was reprinted in Q3Q4 and Q5. Pope began a tradition of editing the play to add information such as stage directions missing in Q2 by locating them in Q1. This tradition continued late into the Romantic period. Fully annotated editions first appeared in the Victorian period and continue to be produced today, printing the text of the play with footnotes describing the sources and culture behind the play.
Romeo and Juliet Scenes
Proposals for a main theme include a discovery by the characters that human beings are neither wholly good nor wholly evil, but instead are more or less alike,  awaking out of a dream and into reality, the danger of hasty action, or the power of tragic fate.
None of these have widespread support. However, even if an overall theme cannot be found it is clear that the play is full of several small, thematic elements that intertwine in complex ways. Several of those most often debated by scholars are discussed below.
My lips, two blushing pilgrims, ready stand To smooth that rough touch with a tender kiss. Juliet Good pilgrim, you do wrong your hand too much, Which mannerly devotion shows in this; For saints have hands that pilgrims' hands do touch, And palm to palm is holy palmers' kiss. Since it is such an obvious subject of the play, several scholars have explored the language and historical context behind the romance of the play.
By using metaphors of saints and sins, Romeo was able to test Juliet's feelings for him in a non-threatening way. This method was recommended by Baldassare Castiglione whose works had been translated into English by this time. He pointed out that if a man used a metaphor as an invitation, the woman could pretend she did not understand him, and he could retreat without losing honour.
Juliet, however, participates in the metaphor and expands on it. The religious metaphors of "shrine", "pilgrim", and "saint" were fashionable in the poetry of the time and more likely to be understood as romantic rather than blasphemous, as the concept of sainthood was associated with the Catholicism of an earlier age.
Brooke's Romeus and Juliet. In the later balcony scene, Shakespeare has Romeo overhear Juliet's soliloquy, but in Brooke's version of the story, her declaration is done alone. By bringing Romeo into the scene to eavesdrop, Shakespeare breaks from the normal sequence of courtship. Usually, a woman was required to be modest and shy to make sure that her suitor was sincere, but breaking this rule serves to speed along the plot. The lovers are able to skip courting and move on to plain talk about their relationship— agreeing to be married after knowing each other for only one night.
Romeo and Juliet's love seems to be expressing the "Religion of Love" view rather than the Catholic view. Another point is that although their love is passionate, it is only consummated in marriage, which keeps them from losing the audience's sympathy. Throughout the story, both Romeo and Juliet, along with the other characters, fantasise about it as a dark beingoften equating it with a lover.
Capulet, for example, when he first discovers Juliet's faked death, describes it as having deflowered his daughter.
Right before her suicide, she grabs Romeo's dagger, saying "O happy dagger! This is thy sheath. There rust, and let me die.'Romeo and Juliet': Act 1 Scene 2 Translation (part 12 of 50)