what was the relationship between Daimyo and Shogun? | Yahoo Answers
Japan and Australia share a very important relationship. .. he had the ability to win the loyalty of the daimyo and samurai, and thus gain Unaware of the proper behaviour and dress required, Lord Asano asked Lord Kira for advice. A standard way would be to wait with allying any other daimyo's, conquer all the eastern . And they all join the coalition once truce is up due to negative relation. . Keep an eye on everyone's liberty desire to the shogun. During times of the peace, daimyo were noblemen under the shogun. Wikipedia ; SeppukuA Practical Guide posavski-obzor.info ; Tale of 47 Loyal Samurai .. Their relationships, in other words, were to be with the shogun and the people.
From the outset, the Ashikaga had multiple challenges of trying to keep unity throughout Japan. Upstart emperors who wanted greater say in the running of their realm had to be quieted while bakufu-appointed military governors faced the dilemma of deputies carving out independent fiefs throughout Japan. The bakufu tried to keep the centuries-long political system in place by appointing military governors, also known as shugo or daimyo to keep peace throughout Japan and provide taxes for the emperor and bakufu.
These daimyo delegated authority to their retainer samurai and made some of them deputies jito. But chaos prevailed through the first half of the sixteenth century. Jito began to break free from their overlords and farmers were brought into the fray as huge armies emerged to help the upstart jito and daimyo fight for control of the land.
The Japanese worldview which was an amalgamation of Confucian, Buddhist, and Shinto beliefs emphasized a schematized social system where loyalty, deference to authority, and a rigid class system kept Japan in relative peace and prosperity for close to a millennium. But everything seemed to have changed during the Ashikaga bakufu.
To add fuel to the fire of chaos, it was in the mid-sixteenth century that Westerners, in the form of Portuguese traders and Jesuit priests, entered Japan. Guns and cannons first brought by the Portuguese were duplicated in mass by Japanese entrepreneurial daimyo and metal workers. The Portuguese were astounded at the lack of loyalty and the ubiquitous betrayals between jito and daimyo. It seemed that everyone, including farming villages, chose to follow whoever promised the lowest taxes along with the maximum protection.
War and plunder characterized both the countryside and the imperial capital. While the emperor and shogun still held their titles and positions, they were powerless against the tide and momentum of civil wars across the domains.
The situation was akin to the British tale of Humpty Dumpty, the English egg fallen off a wall and scattered into hundreds of pieces. There were not enough imperial officials and bakufu samurai to put Japan back together again.
And then three men changed everything. The Three Unifiers Oda Nobunaga, Toyotomi Hideyoshi, and Tokugawa Ieyasu following the Japanese pattern of the surname coming before the given name were all samurai from central Honshu.
Their personalities and careers are contrasted by the following two anecdotes. A story is told that there was a bird that refused to sing.
Nobunaga kneaded the dough; Hideyoshi baked the pie; and Ieyasu ate the pie. The following paragraphs flesh out the meaning of these apocryphal stories. InOda Nobunaga inherited the portion of land that his father protected and he began to extend his hegemony to other districts within Owari.
Daimyo | Japanese social class | posavski-obzor.info
As noted above, this was the common practice of the day. Nobunaga had all of these items in his toolkit. Like other opportunists that extended their authority, Nobunaga needed a big break to attract masterless samurai and farming villages. That small marvel came in when a leading daimyo, Imagawa Yoshimoto from the neighboring Suruga Province led an army of 40, to squash the upstart Oda Nobunaga.
An introduction to the Samurai
Having secured his eastern flank, Nobunaga turned his attention to consolidating his hold on central Honshu. An early adopter of gun weaponry, Nobunaga established an armory at Sakai and successfully integrated these weapons in his battle plans.
Seeking greater legitimacy, Nobunaga marched into the imperial capital in Nobunaga planned to rule behind the scenes and simply use Yoshiaki as a political puppet. The plan went awry when Yoshiaki failed to defer to Nobunaga; subsequently, Nobunaga brought the Ashikaga shogunate to an end in Eschewing the need for bakufu authority, Nobunaga defeated six of the strongest military houses in western Honshu.
In a particular battle at Mount Hiei, over ten thousand Buddhist monks from the Tendai sect begged Nobunaga to accept gold from the institution rather than taking their lives.
Nobunaga refused the overture and slaughtered the monks. Nobunaga had ten major daimyo who reported to him and he often sought their advice. He was open to criticism from those close to him, and expected candor from his generals rather than patronizing acquiescence.
Between and Nobunaga lived in relative peace in a castle close to the imperial capital. He was not given the title of shogun, but was not bothered by this given his belief that brute power legitimizes authority.
But in his rise to power he had to make difficult decisions that garnered him many enemies—even from within his own ranks. In while Nobunaga was at a Kyoto Buddhist temple for a tea ceremony, he was caught by surprise when Akechi surrounded the temple to exact revenge against his master. He set the temple on fire and Nobunaga along with his son died. Thus, the meteoric rise of the lowly jito from Owari came to a sudden ignoble end.
Nobunaga had accomplished a great deal. He began the process of unification, removed the Ashikiga shogunate, and established a modicum of order across Honshu. Yet, his legacy in Japanese history is mixed.
There were still independent domains scattered throughout Honshu particularly the extreme eastern portion of the island and Kyushu was dominated by two autonomous daimyos.
DAIMYO, SHOGUNS AND THE BAKUFU (SHOGUNATE)
Furthermore, it was not clear as to who would take control of the lands and peoples that Nobunaga had managed to unite. Toyotomi Hideyoshi was the son of a low-ranking samurai in the Owari domain. The daimyo used his band of retainers kashindan to administer his domain. Daimyo came under the centralizing influence of the Tokugawa shogunate in two chief ways. Second, since shogunate law took precedence within the country, the daimyo adopted within their domains the general principles of Tokugawa law and bureaucratic procedure.
By the end of the Tokugawa regime, the daimyo had become removed from the actualities of government and basically served as aristocratic figureheads in their domains. This in part accounted for the success of the effort to abolish the daimyo. In the shogunate was abolished, and in the daimyo were obliged to turn back their land patents to the emperor, being made instead governors of territories corresponding roughly to their former domains.
In the domains were abolished, and the former daimyo were converted into a pensioned nobility residing in Tokyo. By the eleventh century the bands were changing to groups of fighting men not necessarily connected through kinship. Power was beginning to aggregate in the hands of a few elite military families, or clans, whose regional dominance was supported by the fighting abilities of retainers and vassals. The First Warrior Government The Kamakura Shogunate, — By the late eleventh century, the Minamoto also known as Genji clan was recognized as the most powerful military clan in the northeastern region of Japan, having defeated several other powerful local groups.
In the mid-twelfth century, the Minamoto clashed with the mighty Taira also known as Heike clan, which commanded an important western region including the area around Kyoto. A series of clashes, culminating in the Genpei War —ended with the defeat of the Taira. The victorious Minamoto went on to establish a new, warrior-led government at Kamakura, their eastern stronghold. In the great Minamoto leader Minamoto Yoritomo — was appointed sei-i-tai shogun lit.
Yoritomo established a military government, bakufu: Reporting to the shogun were daimyo lit. The Second Warrior Government: The Ashikaga Shogunate of the Muromachi Period — The Kamakura shogunate was overthrown in and succeeded by the Ashikaga shogunate —based in Muromachi, near Kyoto.
Under the Ashikaga, samurai were increasingly organized into lord—vassal hierarchies. Claiming loyalty to one lord, they adhered to a value system that promoted the virtues of honor, loyalty, and courage.
As in the Kamakura period, the Ashikaga shogun was supported by direct vassals and by powerful but more independent regional daimyo, who administered the provinces. These regional leaders were expected to maintain order, administer justice, and ensure the delivery of taxes.