Staff and line - Wikipedia
Perhaps the most important (and obvious) difference between line and staff is purpose: line's purpose is to work directly toward organisational goals, whereas . Staff and line are names given to different types of functions in organizations. A " line function" is For example, human resources, accounting, public relations and the legal department are generally considered to be staff functions. Both terms. Every organization has line and staff functions that have different human resources, maintenance, legal, accounting and public relations. Staff.
An organization structure which is composed of both line executives and staff executives is termed as line and staff organization.
An imaginary structure of such a type is shown below; The Nature of Line and Staff Relationships A more precise and logically valid concept of line and staff is that they are simply a matter of relationships.
Line authority gives a superior a line of authority over a subordinate.
Differences Between Line & Staff Functions
It exists in all organizations as an uninterrupted scale or series of steps. Hence, The scalar principle in the organization The clearer the line of authority from the ultimate management position in an enterprise to every subordinate position is, the clearer will be the responsibility for decision-making and the more effective will be organization communication.
In many large enterprises, the steps are long and complex; but even in the smallest; the very fact of organization introduces the scalar principle. It, therefore, becomes apparent from the scalar principle that line authority is that relationship in which a superior exercise direct supervision over a subordinate authority relationship being in direct line or steps.
The nature of the staff relationship is advisory. The function of people in a pure staff capacity is to investigate, research, and give advice to line managers. Benefits of Staff There are many advantages and benefits out of the use of staff. A few of them are: A line position is directly involved in the day-to-day operations of the organization, such as producing or selling a product or service. Line positions are occupied by line personnel and line managers.
Line personnel carry out the primary activities of a business and are considered essential to the basic functioning of the organization. Line managers make the majority of the decisions and direct line personnel to achieve company goals. An example of a line manager is a marketing executive. Figure 1 Line-and-Staff Organization Although a marketing executive does not actually produce the product or service, he or she directly contributes to the firm's overall objectives through market forecasting and generating product or service demand.
Therefore, line positions, whether they are personnel or managers, engage in activities that are functionally and directly related to the principal workflow of an organization.
Difference Between Line and Line & Staff Organization (with Comparison Chart) - Key Differences
Staff positions serve the organization by indirectly supporting line functions. Staff positions consist of staff personnel and staff managers.
Staff personnel use their technical expertise to assist line personnel and aid top management in various business activities. Staff managers provide support, advice, and knowledge to other individuals in the chain of command. Although staff managers are not part of the chain of command related to direct production of products or services, they do have authority over personnel.
An example of a staff manager is a legal adviser. He or she does not actively engage in profit-making activities, but does provide legal support to those who do.
Therefore, staff positions, whether personnel or managers, engage in activities that are supportive to line personnel. Three types of authority are present: Line authority is the right to carry out assignments and exact performance from other individuals.
Line authority flows down the chain of command. For example, line authority gives a production supervisor the right to direct an employee to operate a particular machine, and it gives the vice president of finance the right to request a certain report from a department head. Staff functions include human resources, maintenance, legal, accounting and public relations. Staff positions can be further defined as technical or support people.
Line and Staff Relationship in Organization (with Example Diagram)
Examples of technical positions are accountants and engineers. Support staff positions are clerks, secretaries and data processors. Staff employees are not directly involved in producing and selling activities.
- LINE-AND-STAFF ORGANIZATIONS
- Difference Between Line and Line & Staff Organization
- Line and Staff Relationship in Organization (with Example Diagram)
Video of the Day Brought to you by Techwalla Brought to you by Techwalla Lines of Authority The power and authority of decision-making are different for line and staff managers. Line managers usually have final authority to make executive decisions in the company and to direct the activities of personnel involved in producing and selling.
On the other hand, the authority of staff managers is limited to supervising the activities of other staff personnel and advising line managers.
Staff and line
Staff managers are subordinate to the actions of line managers. Line and Staff Conflict Conflict between line and staff workers is common. Line employees are usually older and have more experience than staff employees, who are typically younger and better educated with college degrees.