Staff and line - Wikipedia
Line and staff organisation is a combination of line organisation and in part icular provide practical examples of line and staff employees' relationship in formal .. however, when discussing line authority: (1) line authority does not ensure. For running organization properly both line and staff member's contribution is required and their relationship must be well defined in organizational structure. By contrast, staff relationships exist when a manager gives/receives advice Consider the organisation in which you work, or one with which you are familiar.
The specialist works as staff and serves the line officials, by supporting and guiding them, whenever necessary. There are a number of benefits of line and staff organization, in the sense that it gives relief to the line managers and they can concentrate on the implementation of policies and plans. Moreover, there is a benefit of specialization, as in work is divided between the line and staff executives, and they focus on their respective area.
In this type of organization, the decision making is quick and easy, as the expert advice can help in making better decisions. Line organization can be understood as a vertical organization, wherein the superior can give orders to a subordinate, through a direct chain of command. Line and staff organization is the organization structure, in which there is a normal departmentation of the regular business operations, and there is the functional specialist to perform specialised activities.
While line authority relies on command, line and staff authority is based on command and advise. As we talk about discipline, line organization, is strict, whereas line and staff organization is loose. In a line organization, the line executives are the generalist, who is directly responsible for accomplishing the objectives of the organization. There is centralization of authority in a line organization, and so all the decisions of the organization are taken by the top authority only.
Conversely, in line and staff organization, there is a combination of centralisation and decentralisation, in essence, some of the decisions are centrally taken while some are diffused.
Line organization, is good for small corporations, as, in such a structure, the authority is concentrated at the top, which makes it difficult to manage if the number of employees are large. On the contrary, Line and staff organization, is best suited for large corporations due to the presence of staff specialist, who use their knowledge to advice line managers on complex issues. A line-staff organizational structure attempts to render a large and complex enterprise more flexible without sacrificing managerial authority.
Classical theories of organization associated with Henri Fayol, Frederick W. Taylorand others who pioneered new administrative strategies in the late s and early s define formal organizations as collective enterprises identified by a clear division of labour and authority.
These theories view decision-making power as flowing from a unified command structure. Relationships between individuals, groups, and divisions are based on lines of authority that are predetermined. Typically, work is carried out in accordance with specialized functions, and authority is exercised in a hierarchical manner.
In a highly centralized structure, decisions are made by a few executives or managers and flow downward through the enterprise. However, as organizations grow in scope and complexity, they need to be flexible in the extent to which coordination and control are centrally applied.
line-staff organization | Definition, Characteristics, Advantages, & Disadvantages | posavski-obzor.info
The principle of line-staff organization introduces flexibility into hierarchical lines of authority while trying to preserve a unified command structure.
Line groups are engaged in tasks that constitute the technical core of the firm or the subunit of a larger enterprise.
They are directly involved in accomplishing the primary objective of the enterprise. In manufacturing, line groups engage in work related to production. In the service sector, the line group is responsible for its customers.
Line and Staff Relationship - Management Guru | Management Guru
Line groups have final decision-making authority regarding technical organizational purposes. Staff groups are engaged in tasks that provide support for line groups. They consist of advisory legalservice human resourcesor control accounting groups.