Emma Quotes by Jane Austen
Fourth, how important to Emma and Knightley's relationship is Emma's Matthew poems, the scene demonstrates that a fully realized ambiguous relationship. Everything you ever wanted to know about Mr. Knightley in Emma, written by The whole brother-sister relationship they have going dissolves somewhere. Everything you ever wanted to know about Mrs. Elton in Emma, written by masters of this stuff just for you. Mr. Knightley can't stand Mrs. Elton, and Jane Fairfax tries her best to run away whenever Here's her take on a contemporary poem.
Knightley has a strong moral compass and frequently teases or scolds Emma for her more frivolous pursuits, such as matchmaking.
He also disagrees and argues with Emma on occasion, notably on Emma's interference with Harriet Smith and Robert Martin's relationship. Knightley spends most evenings with Emma and her father, taking the short walk from his home to theirs. Due to his attachment to Emma, Mr. Knightley has disliked Frank Churchill unconsciously labeling him as competition  even before he met Frank, and remains doubtful of him even when everyone else indulges the younger man.
It is also his jealousy of Frank that causes Mr. Knightley to acknowledge his romantic feelings for Emma. Although he is mostly rational, he can also act more impulsively at the cause of Emma, such as making a sudden visit to London and returning in an equally unexpected manner to propose to her.
Emma, too, gradually realizes her feelings for him due to her jealousy first of Jane Fairfax and later of Harriet Smith.
Harriet Smith is a low-born and poor pupil at the local boarding school, of whom Emma takes notice after she loses the companionship of Mrs.
Despite Harriet's humble origins, Emma admires her sweetness, good nature, and pleasant looks. Emma decides to take Harriet under her wing and help her find a good husband. However, Emma's pride prevents her from recognising a good match for Harriet in the person of Robert Martin, a respected farmer and the initial and ultimate romantic interest of Harriet.
Instead, Emma encourages Harriet to foster affection for Mr. Elton, the village vicarwhich ends disastrously. Nevertheless, naive Harriet does not blame Emma for her mortification, and the two remain friends.
Meanwhile, unbeknownst to Emma, Harriet develops a crush on Mr. Knightley after he asks her to dance when Mr. Elton has refused to.
Emma, who believes that Harriet holds a secret regard for Frank, says that she should not give up hope because there have been many other happy though unequal matches. When Emma discovers the truth, she is both appalled and dismayed, which leads to her revelation that she is in love with Knightley. Elton's relationship to Jane Fairfax parodies Emma's relationship to Harriet. Emma with her father in an illustration by Hugh Thomson Mr. WoodhouseEmma's father, is a valetudinarian and is so paranoid about his own and others' health that he is nearly helpless.
He manipulates and plays games with the other characters to ensure his engagement to Jane remain concealed. Jane Fairfax is an orphan whose only family consists of her aunt, Miss Bates, and her grandmother, Mrs Bates. She is a beautiful, bright, and elegant woman, with the best of manners.
She is the same age as Emma. She is extraordinarily well-educated and talented at singing and playing the piano; she is the sole person whom Emma envies. An army friend of her late father, Colonel Campbell, felt responsible for her, and has provided her with an excellent education, sharing his home and family with her since she was nine years old.
She has little fortune, however, and is destined to become a governess — a prospect she dislikes. The secret engagement goes against her principles and distresses her greatly. Harriet Smith, a young friend of Emma, just seventeen when the story opens, is a beautiful but unsophisticated girl.
She has been a parlour boarder at a nearby school, where she met the sisters of Mr Martin. Emma takes Harriet under her wing early on, and she becomes the subject of Emma's misguided matchmaking attempts. She is revealed in the last chapter to be the natural daughter of a decent tradesman, although not a gentleman. Harriet and Mr Martin are wed. The now wiser Emma approves of the match. Robert Martin is a well-to-do, year-old farmer who, though not a gentleman, is a friendly, amiable and diligent young man, well esteemed by Mr George Knightley.
He becomes acquainted and subsequently smitten with Harriet during her 2-month stay at Abbey Mill Farm, which was arranged at the invitation of his sister, Elizabeth Martin, a school friend of Harriet's.
His first marriage proposal, in a letter, is rejected by Harriet under the direction and influence of Emma, an incident which puts Mr Knightley and Emma in a disagreement with one anotherwho had convinced herself that Harriet's class and breeding were above associating with the Martins, much less marrying one.
His second proposal of marriage is later accepted by a contented Harriet and approved by a wiser Emma; their joining marks the first out of the three happy couples to marry in the end. Philip Elton is a good-looking, initially well-mannered, and ambitious young vicar, 27 years old and unmarried when the story opens.
Mr Elton displays his mercenary nature by quickly marrying another woman of lesser means after Emma rejects him. She has 10, pounds, but lacks good manners, committing common vulgarities such as using people's names too intimately as in "Jane", not "Miss Fairfax"; "Knightley", not "Mr Knightley".
She is a boasting, pretentious woman who expects her due as a new bride in the village. Emma is polite to her but does not like her. She patronises Jane, which earns Jane the sympathy of others. Her lack of social graces shows the good breeding of the other characters, particularly Miss Fairfax and Mrs Weston, and shows the difference between gentility and money. Mrs Weston was Emma's governess for sixteen years as Miss Anne Taylor and remains her closest friend and confidante after she marries Mr Weston.
She is a sensible woman who loves Emma. Mrs Weston acts as a surrogate mother to her former charge and, occasionally, as a voice of moderation and reason. The Westons and the Woodhouses visit almost daily. Near the end of the story, the Westons' baby Anna is born. Weston is a widower and a business man living in Highbury who marries Miss Taylor in his early 40s, after he bought the home called Randalls. By his first marriage, he is father to Frank Weston Churchill, who was adopted and raised by his late wife's brother and his wife.
He sees his son in London each year. He married his first wife, Miss Churchill, when he was a Captain in the militia, posted near her home. Mr Weston is a sanguine, optimistic man, who enjoys socialising, making friends quickly in business and among his neighbours.
Her niece is Jane Fairfax, daughter of her late sister. She was raised in better circumstances in her younger days as the vicar's daughter; now she and her mother rent rooms in the home of another in Highbury.
One day, Emma humiliates her on a day out in the country, when she alludes to her tiresome prolixity. Mr Henry WoodhouseEmma's father, is always concerned for his health, and to the extent that it does not interfere with his own, the health and comfort of his friends.
Emma Woodhouse - Wikipedia
He is a valetudinarian i. He assumes a great many things are hazardous to his health. His daughter Emma gets along with him well, and he loves both his daughters. He laments that "poor Isabella" and especially "poor Miss Taylor" have married and live away from him. He is a fond father and fond grandfather who did not remarry when his wife died; instead he brought in Miss Taylor to educate his daughters and become part of the family.
Because he is generous and well-mannered, his neighbors accommodate him when they can. She is married to John Knightley. She is similar in disposition to her father and her relationship to Mr. Wingfield, her and her family's physician mirrors that of her father's to Mr. John Knightley is Isabella's husband and George's younger brother, 31 years old 10 years older than Jane Fairfax and Emma.
He is an attorney by profession. Like the others raised in the area, he is a friend of Jane Fairfax. He greatly enjoys the company of his family, including his brother and his Woodhouse in-laws, but is not the very sociable sort of man who enjoys dining out frequently. He is forthright with Emma, his sister-in-law, and close to his brother. Minor characters[ edit ] Mr.
Perry is the apothecary in Highbury who spends a significant amount of time responding to the health issues of Mr. Perry have several children.
He is also the subject of a discussion between Miss Bates and Jane Fairfax that is relayed in a letter to Mr. Frank Churchill that he inadvertently discloses to Emma. He is described as an " Bates is the widow of the former vicar of Highbury, the mother of Miss Bates and the grandmother of Jane Fairfax. She is old and hard of hearing, but is a frequent companion to Mr. Woodhouse when Emma attends social activities without him.
Cole have been residents of Highbury who had been there for several years, but have recently benefited from a significant increase in their income that has allowed them to increase the size of their house, number of servants and other expenses. In spite of their "low origin" in trade, their income and style of living has made them the second most prominent family in Highbury, the most senior being the Woodhouses at Hartfield. They host a dinner party that is a significant plot element.
Churchill was the wife of the brother of Mr. She and her husband, Mr. Although never seen directly, she makes demands on Frank Churchill's time and attention that prevent him from visiting his father. Her disapproval is the reason that the engagement between Frank Churchill and Jane Fairfax is kept secret. Her death provides the opportunity for the secret to be revealed.
Campbell were friends of Jane Fairfax's late father. After a period of time when Jane was their guest for extended visits, they offered to take over her education in preparation for potentially serving as a governess when she grew up. They provided her every advantage possible, short of adopting, and were very fond of her.
Goddard is the mistress of a boarding school for girls in which Harriet Smith is one of the students. She is also a frequent companion to Mr. Woodhouse along with Mrs. William Larkins is an employee on the Donwell Abbey estate of Mr.
He frequently visits the Bateses, bringing them gifts, such as apples, from Mr. Publication history[ edit ] Title page from edition of Emma. Emma was written after the publication of Pride and Prejudice and was submitted to the London publisher John Murray II in the fall of Clarkeshowed her around the Library at the Prince Regent's request, and who suggested a dedication to the Prince Regent in a future publication. This resulted in a dedication of Emma to the Prince Regent at the time of publication and a dedication copy of the novel sent to Carlton House in December The number of copies of this edition are not known.
A later American edition was published in  and again in by Carey, Lea, and Blanchard. This issue did not contain the dedication page to the Prince Regent. In addition to the French translation already mentioned, Emma was translated into Swedish and German in the nineteenth century and into fifteen other languages in the twentieth century including Arabic, Chinese, Danish, Dutch, German and Italian. I was sure of the writer before you mentioned her.
Poems on Jane Austen
The MS though plainly written has yet some, indeed many little omissions, and an expression may not and then be amended in passing through the press. I will readily undertake the revision. They belong to a class of fictions which has arisen almost in our own times, and which draws the characters and incidents introduced more immediately from the current of ordinary life than was permitted by the former rules of the novel Emma has even less story than either of the preceding novels The author's knowledge of the world, and the peculiar tact with which she presents characters that the reader cannot fail to recognize, reminds us something of the merits of the Flemish school of painting.
The subjects are not often elegant, and certainly never grand: Two other unsigned reviews appeared inone in The Champion, also in March, and another in September of the same year in Gentleman's Magazine.
John Murray remarked that it lacked "incident and Romance";  Maria Edgeworththe author of Belindato whom Austen had sent a complimentary copy, wrote: Austen also collected comments from friends and family on their opinions of Emma. There is a want of body to the story. The action is frittered away in over-little things. There are some beautiful things in it. Emma herself is the most interesting to me of all her heroines. I feel kind to her whenever I think of her That other women, Fairfax, is a dolt- but I like Emma.
Please improve it by verifying the claims made and adding inline citations. Statements consisting only of original research should be removed. June Learn how and when to remove this template message Highbury as a character[ edit ] The British critic Robert Irvine wrote that unlike Austen's previous novels, the town of Highbury in Surrey emerges as a character in its own right.
This point of view appears both as something perceived by Emma, an external perspective on events and characters that the reader encounters as and when Emma recognises it; and as an independent discourse appearing in the text alongside the discourse of the narrator and characters". Cole of the rise and progress of the affair was so glorious". Elton to be "perfect", whom the narrator sarcastically calls the "usual" sort of community gossip is about a new arrival in Highbury, whom everyone thinks is "charming".
Perry, the town doctor who is frequently mentioned in the town gossip, but never appears in the book, having a "kind of familiarity by proxy". Fortune I do not want; employment I do not want; consequence I do not want". Knightley is not only a member of the gentry, but also serves as the magistrate of Highbury. Elton has "friendship" with Jane Fairfax while "claims intimacy" with Mr.
Knightley question the right of the elite to dominate society, but rather their power struggle is over who belongs to the elite, and who has the authority to make the decision about who to include and who to exclude, which shows that in a certain sense that Emma is just as powerful socially as is Mr. Elton, who attempts to elevate Jane Fairfax into the elite.
Elton is showing Jane a world that she can never really belong, no matter how much parties and balls she attends.
- Why do readers object to the romance between Emma and Mr. Knightley?
- Emma & Knightley: Perfect Happiness in Highbury
- Emma Quotes
Elton's relationship with Jane, Emma finds Mrs. Elton an "upstart", "under-bred" and "vulgar", which adds venom to the dispute between the two women. Elton is only a first generation gentry, as her father bought the land that she grew up on with money he had raised in trade. Her snobbery is therefore that of a nouveau riche, desperately insecure of her status. Elton boasted that her family had owned their estate for a number of years, Emma responds that a true English gentry family would count ownership of their estate in generations, not years.
Knightley consolidates her social authority by linking herself to the dominant male of Highbury and pushes Mrs. Knightley can ride all the way to London while attracting any gossip. Therefore, there is little pressure on her to find a wealthy partner.
Nationhood and the "Irish Question"[ edit ] The novel is set in England, but there are several references to Ireland, which were related to the ongoing national debate about the "Irish Question". Dixon's new house in Ireland, a place that she cannot decide is a kingdom, a country or a province, but is merely very "strange" whatever its status may be. Unlike Marianne Dashwoodwho is attracted to the wrong man before she settles on the right one, Emma generally shows no romantic interest in the men she meets and even her flirting with Churchill seems tame.
She is genuinely surprised and somewhat disgusted when Mr Elton declares his love for her, much in the way Elizabeth Bennet reacts to the obsequious Mr Collins, also a parson.Emma and Knightley -- Somewhere Only We Know
Her fancy for Frank Churchill represents more of a longing for a little drama in her life than a longing for romantic love. For example, at the beginning of Chapter XIII, Emma has "no doubt of her being in love", but it quickly becomes clear that, even though she spends time "forming a thousand amusing schemes for the progress and close of their attachment", we are told that "the conclusion of every imaginary declaration on his side was that she refused him".
He has been in love with her since she was 13 years old, but neither he nor she have realized that there is a natural bond between them.
He declares his love for her: Just what she ought, of course. A lady always does. Female empowerment[ edit ] In Emma, Emma Woodhouse serves as a direct reflection of Jane Austen's feminist characterization of female heroines, in terms of both female individuality and independence romantically, financially, etcetera. In terms of romantic independence, Emma's father, Henry Woodhouse, very consistently preaches against the idea of marriage.