INTERGOVERNMENTAL RELATIONS - EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
Meaning of Relationship with Executive and Judicial Branches as a legal term. Each state has a legislature, and all state legislatures have two houses, except. By Judith Oliver - The relationship between the executive and legislative branches of government hinges on what party is in charge of each. The job of Congress(Legislative Branch) is to make and pass laws, but Chief Executive(President) can veto laws which makes a relationship.
This power is known as "advice and consent. To grant advice and consent on treaties, two-thirds of the Senators must concur agree.
While most votes require a simple majority to pass, it sometimes takes three-fifths of senators to bring a bill to a vote. This is because Senate rules hold that a bill cannot be voted on as long as it is being debated--and there is no limit on how long a senator may debate a bill. Senators sometimes use this rule to filibuster a bill--that is, continue debating a bill endlessly so that it cannot be voted on.
The only way to end a filibuster is for three-fifths of all Senators to vote for a cloture resolution, which ends all debate and brings the bill up for voting. Use of the filibuster tends to be controversial. Whichever party is in the majority tends to call its use "obstructionism," while the other side sees it as an important check on the majority.
The House has the sole power to impeach federal executive and judicial officers. According to the Constitution, officers may be impeached for "treason, bribery, or other high crimes and misdemeanors. The Constitution requires that any individual convicted by the Senate to be removed from office.
The Senate also has the power to bar that individual from further federal office. The Senate may not impose any further punishment, although the parties are still subject to trial in the courts.
As the Vice-President being next-in-line to the Presidency would have an obvious conflict of interest in presiding at a trial of the President, in such cases, the Chief Justice presides. Interestingly, no similar provision prevents the Vice-President from presiding at his or her own trial.
The main function of this branch is to execute the laws created by Congress. The President and the Vice-President are chosen by the Electoral College, a body of people elected for the purpose of electing the President. One may wait to consider the Electoral College in further detail.
The President appoints several Secretaries to head executive departments. An executive department is a body covering a broad topic of law- examples include the Department of Agriculture and the Department of Justice. The several secretaries in the case of the Justice Department, the Attorney General serve as advisors to the President and also as the chief officers of their own departments.
This group of advisors is collectively known as the President's cabinet. The President nominates these Secretaries, as well as other important federal officials, and the Senate advise and consents to them.
The judiciary must interpret the laws of the United States. In the course of such interpretations, the courts may find that a law violates the constitution. If so, the court declares the law unconstitutional. Thus, the judiciary also has a role in determining the law of the land. The judges of federal courts are nominated by the President and advised and consented to by the Senate. The number of judges and the exact structure of the courts is set by law, and not by the Constitution.
How A Bill Becomes A Law[ edit ] After both houses of Congress pass a bill, perhaps observing the different rules and procedures in each house, but with the exact same final text, the bill is submitted to the President. Immediately, a ten-day clock for the president to act in starts to tick.
Oversight Powers of Congress
Sundays are excluded in this calculation. Once he receives the bill, the President has many options. The outcome of the process depends on the route taken by him. Signature- If the President signs a bill, it immediately takes effect as law.
Veto- The President may, if he pleases, return a bill to the house in which it originated. That house may then consider the President's objections. If it wishes to pass the law in any event, it must repass the bill with a two-thirds majority. If the same occurs, then the other house considers the bill, perhaps repassing it with the same two-thirds majority.
If both houses pass the bill with the requisite majority, then the bill becomes law despite the President's veto.
The new Secretary of State, Hillary Clinton, is well known on the world stage. She spent eight years toiling in the exclusive confines of the Senate as a member of the Senate Armed Services Committee, working to build bipartisan support and consensus.
She voted in favor of the war in Iraq but later criticized its execution.
The New Relationship between the Executive and Legislative Branches | Stimson Center
She has called for an end to the genocide in Darfur, and more international cooperation on a number of key issues. All of these individuals built relationships on Capitol Hill that they can call upon to move the Obama agenda forward. The legislative branch began to experience a shift in priorities when the last session, the th Congress, was inaugurated in January Democrats became the majority in both houses for the first time in twelve years.
They gained seats in large measure due to a backlash against the Bush administration and the Republican Party. Still, it was difficult to work in concert with the Bush administration. While the executive branch centralized political power and did not cultivate relationships on Capitol Hill, the legislative branch was often seen to bicker internally over what direction to take legislation. The makeup of the sitting legislative body did not lend itself to easy passage of any bills that were promoted by the Bush administration.
Both sides were entrenched and partisan sentiment ruled the day. The bailout bill that became law on October, 3,passed not because the Bush administration reached out, but because Congress felt pressure to act by financial institutions and constituents to try to mitigate the crisis.
The th Congress was inaugurated on January 6, It was a quiet affair with the focus squarely on the inauguration of the new president that was to follow.