Heinrich Himmler - Wikipedia
Like Dr. Josef Goebbels and Martin Bormann, Heinrich Himmler was a the doctor-patient relationship developed into one of confidant-mentor between the. The one with the Hitler moustache that isn't Hitler is Himmler (he also had glasses). The one with slicked-back hair and mustard-colored jacket. Paul Joseph Goebbels was a German Nazi politician and Reich Minister of Propaganda of Nazi .. He was quick to fall in love, but easily tired of a relationship and moved on to someone new. .. in East Prussia, played into the hands of those who had been pushing for change: Bormann, Goebbels, Himmler, and Speer.
The one with slicked-back hair and mustard-colored jacket is Goebbels. And the fatty in the dove-gray uniform? After all, he's one of history's scariest figures, and the facts about him have probably been drummed into you since grade school.
What you might not know, however, is that a lot of the evil he oversaw was actually committed by his closest henchmen, equally sinister in their own right. Heinrich Himmler [wiki] was one of Hitler's earliest supporters, so in Hitler chose him to head the SS, the military arm of the Nazi party.
Goebbels was more influential than Himmler. Discuss
What began as a small offshoot of the SA the party's stormtroopers became under Himmler a massive organization of the party's ideological elite, with its own military units the Waffen-SS fighting alongside the regular German army the Wehrmacht.
The SS were the perpetrators of the worst Nazi crimes, including the death camps, the mass executions of civilians, and the Gestapo secret police. Amazingly, when the war started to go south, Himmler actually tried to secretly negotiate peace with the British and Americans. Captured by the Brits, he poisoned himself before he could stand trial at Nuremberg.
A fiery orator like his boss, Goebbels championed the technique of repeating a Big Lie again and again until people believe it.
After Hitler's death, however, Goebbels moved up in rank. He was chancellor of Germany for one whole day. Of course, his happiness was short-lived. Germanic mythology, reinforced by occult ideas, became a religion for him. However, as he learned more about Hitler through his reading, he began to regard him as a useful face of the party,   and he later admired and even worshipped him.
Travelling all over Bavaria agitating for the party, he gave speeches and distributed literature. Placed in charge of the party office in Lower Bavaria by Strasser from latehe was responsible for integrating the area's membership with the NSDAP under Hitler when the party was re-founded in February Strasser appointed Himmler deputy propaganda chief in January As was typical in the NSDAP, he had considerable freedom of action in his post, which increased over time.
He began to collect statistics on the number of Jews, Freemasonsand enemies of the party, and following his strong need for control, he developed an elaborate bureaucracy.
One of his first responsibilities was to organise SS participants at the Nuremberg Rally that September. By Himmler had persuaded Hitler to run the SS as a separate organisation, although it was officially still subordinate to the SA. The coalition government of the Weimar Republic was unable to improve the economy, so many voters turned to the political extreme, which included the NSDAP.
Hitler took advantage of this event, forcing von Hindenburg to sign the Reichstag Fire Decreewhich suspended basic rights and allowed detention without trial.
Bythe SS numbered 52, members. Applicants were vetted for Nordic qualities—in Himmler's words, "like a nursery gardener trying to reproduce a good old strain which has been adulterated and debased; we started from the principles of plant selection and then proceeded quite unashamedly to weed out the men whom we did not think we could use for the build-up of the SS.
Security Service in He later officially appointed Heydrich his deputy. Along with Interior Minister Frick, they hoped to create a unified German police force. Himmler appointed Heydrich commander of Department IV, the political police. The department implemented racial policies and monitored the "racial integrity" of the SS membership. On 31 DecemberHimmler introduced the "marriage order", which required SS men wishing to marry to produce family trees proving that both families were of Aryan descent to The programme had disappointing results; less than 40 per cent of SS men married and each produced only about one child.
Himmler appointed Theodor Eickea convicted felon and ardent Nazi, to run the camp in June Uniforms were issued for prisoners and guards alike; the guards' uniforms had a special Totenkopf insignia on their collars. A Hitler decree issued in December allowed for the incarceration of anyone deemed by the regime to be an undesirable member of society. Thus, the camps became a mechanism for social and racial engineering.
By the outbreak of World War II in autumnthere were six camps housing some 27, inmates. Death tolls were high. He felt that the SA—now numbering some three million men, far dwarfing the army—should become the sole arms-bearing corps of the state, and that the army should be absorbed into the SA under his leadership.DR Goebbels and his family death
This was a radical departure from long-standing German practice that law enforcement was a state and local matter. Between 85 and members of the SA leadership and other political adversaries, including Gregor Strasser, were killed between 30 June and 2 July in these actions, known as the Night of the Long Knives. The laws banned marriage between non-Jewish and Jewish Germans and forbade the employment of non-Jewish women under the age of 45 in Jewish households.
The laws also deprived so-called "non-Aryans" of the benefits of German citizenship. Himmler and Heydrich wanted to extend the power of the SS; thus, they urged Hitler to form a national police force overseen by the SS, to guard Nazi Germany against its many enemies at the time—real and imagined.
What's the Difference: Hitler vs. Himmler vs. Goebbels vs. Göring - Neatorama
Heydrich drew up a set of proposals and Himmler sent him to meet with Frick. An angry Frick then consulted with Hitler, who told him to agree to the proposals. Frick acquiesced, and on 17 June Hitler decreed the unification of all police forces in the Reich, and named Himmler Chief of German Police.
In practice, however, the police was now effectively a division of the SS, and hence independent of Frick's control. This move gave Himmler operational control over Germany's entire detective force.
He again placed Heydrich in command. Nominally under the authority of Himmler, the Waffen-SS developed a fully militarised structure of command and operations.
Joseph Goebbels: the 'Casanova of the Nazis' - Telegraph
It grew from three regiments to over 38 divisions during World War II, serving alongside the Heer armybut never being formally part of it. Under the auspices of the SS Economy and Administration Head Office, this holding company owned housing corporations, factories, and publishing houses.
In contrast, Himmler was honest in matters of money and business.