Herbert keeps Pip in high spirits through his lowest of times, and proves to be one of the most loyal people in Pip's life, second only to Joe. Great Expectations Herbert and Pip are BFFs, and, like most BFFs, they start out by fighting: He explains his philosophy to Pip: "Then the time comes [ ]. Herbert supported Pip in every decision and advised him wisely whenever Pip needed a guidance. This is maybe . Interested in Great Expectations, Essay?.
As they start fighting, Pip says: His spirit inspired me with great respect. He seemed to have no strength, and he never once hit me hard, and he was always knocked down; but he would be up again in a moment, sponging himself or drinking out of the water-bottle, with the greatest satisfaction in seconding himself according to form, and then came at me with an air and a show that made me believe he really was going to do for me at last.
He got heavily bruised, for I am sorry to record that the more I hit him, the harder I hit him; but he came up again and again and again, until at last he got a bad fall with the back of his head against the wall. Even after that crisis in our affairs, he got up and turned round and round confusedly a few times, not knowing where I was; but finally went on his knees to his sponge and threw it up: Indeed, I go so far as to hope that I regarded myself while dressing as a species of savage young wolf or other wild beast.
This first encounter sets the mixed feelings Pip has towards his friend: His figure was a little ungainly […] but it looked as if it would always be light and young.
In order to achieve so, Pip buys a partnership for Herbert so he can enter into the world of business. The feeling of guilt that accompanies Pip since his early childhood is another factor that is brought to light by Herbert, even when he never mentions or suggests a feeling of resentment or jealousy towards his friend.
Think of her bringing-up, and think of Miss Havisham. Think of what she is herself now I am repulsive and you abominate me.
He is intimately linked with other characters in the novel, and does not realize this himself. Dickens uses Magwitch and his daughter, Estella, to show that social class is an artificial creation of man, and that we are all equal in truth and in the sight of God.
Magwitch is thematically linked with Estella from the start. Pip's horror of Magwitch is often expressed as a fear of what Estella would think if he knew Pip had helped him.
Repeatedly, convicts, the courts or reminders of Magwitch appear in scenes in which Estella is present. Magwitch is also contrasted with Miss Havisham. Pip supposes her to be his benefactress and hopes that she is since Estella may also be included in her design when in reality his money comes from Magwitch.
The connections among the characters begin before the start of the narrative. Compeyson, a "gentleman" in terms of social class befriends Miss Havisham's brother, Arthur, and later takes on Magwitch as his helper.
When the Havishams disinherit Arthur, Compeyson helps him be revenged - although married, he poses as a suitor, and jilts Miss Havisham on her wedding day. Soon after, he is arrested for his various frauds, along with Magwitch, whom he blames for allegedly leading him into crime. The reverse is the truth, but Compeyson is believed because of his smooth manners. When Magwitch's common-law wife, Molly, kills a rival and is acquitted through the skill of her lawyer, Mr. Jaggers, she is persuaded to give up her child for adoption, as another client of his, Miss Havisham, wants to adopt a baby girl.
Magwitch, now convicted, is told that the child was born dead.
At the start of the novel, Magwitch escapes from the hulks old warships used as prisons but finds that Compeyson has escaped, too. He lets himself be caught in order to return his enemy to prison. He threatens Pip, he does him no harm; when recaptured he saves Pip from trouble by admitting to the theft of some food from the forge.
As soon as he has any money to give, he sends it to Pip in the village - years later Pip overhears a convict on the roof of a coach tell how he delivered this money.
Back to top For attempting escape, Magwitch is transported to Australia. When he has served his time he can make a new life there, but if he returns to England, he faces the death sentence. In fact, this did not happen at the time in which the novel is set - the offence [returning from transport] was on the statute books untilbut the last hanging of a returned transport took place in The reader learns this later from Magwitch himself Chapter He farms sheep, lives cheaply and saves his money.
When he has saved a fair amount he communicates with Mr. Jaggers, who acts as his agent and becomes Pip's guardian and adviser.
Pip assumes that Miss Havisham is the source of his wealth. Jaggers sees this but will not tell Pip the truth, as it helps him conceal Jaggers' real identity. In time, Magwitch returns, as he is desperate to see how his "boy" has done. He likes what he sees and does not notice Pip's initial disgust. He rather admires Pip's snobbery. In England, Magwitch goes under the alias of Provis, posing as Pip's uncle - Jaggers insists that Pip does not tell him the truth, as to know this would make him, a lawyer, an accessory to Magwitch's crime of returning.
Pip gradually becomes fond of Magwitch, as he tries to smuggle him out of London. They are being watched by Compeyson who is terrified of Magwitch, and betrayed as they are about to board a steamer for Hamburg. In the struggle that follows Compeyson is drowned. Magwitch is found guilty of returning, and sentenced to death, but is dying anyway. Pip nurses him and comes to love him; before he dies, Pip tells Magwitch that his daughter is alive, a great lady and that he Pip loves her.
Magwitch is a criminal but he is led into crime by Compeyson. The snobbish Pip would rather his fortune came from Miss Havisham's unearned inheritance than Magwitch's hard work in Australia.
Dickens shows, in the character of Magwitch, how many so-called criminals are basically good people, how the crimes of a "gentleman" like Compeyson a swindler are far more harmful in their consequences, and how the legal system enables the rich to oppress the poor. Summary of Great Expectations Read this if you need help; ignore it if you don't! This section contains an outline of the plot of Great Expectations.
If you read the novel this may help you recall or revise its content.
If you have not yet read the novel, this summary may spoil your pleasure by revealing what the author hides until the end - do not read it unless you are ready for this! Great Expectations is written in three parts of nineteen or twenty chapters each 59 chapters in all. In the first part, the narrator and chief character Pip Philip Pirrip meets an escaped convict who terrifies him into stealing food and a file, to remove his leg iron.
Pip, an orphan lives in the Kent marshes with his bullying sister and her husband, Joe Gargery a gentle giant of a blacksmith. Pip takes food to the convict, but when he learns of another convict who has escaped, the first convict makes sure both are recaptured.
We learn much later that the convict was transported to Australia. Later Pip is invited to the house of Miss Havisham, heiress to a brewery.
Great Expectations - studying relationships
She was jilted on her wedding day, but still wears her wedding dress, while the wedding feast has been left in her house. She lives with her ward, Estella, whose background is a mystery, but who has been brought up as a member of high society, and taught by Miss Havisham to be cruel to men. Pip loves Estella and is ashamed at his common origin. Pip's sister hopes that Miss Havisham will favour Pip with some of her fortune, but when he is fourteen Pip learns that he is to be Joe's apprentice.
Pip is unhappy at Joe's forge and asks for time off to visit Miss Havisham on her birthday. Joe is attacked while Pip is out: A village girl, Biddy, becomes Mrs. Joe's nurse and housekeeper at the forge. Meanwhile Pip receives astonishing news from a lawyer, Mr.
Back to top Pip thinks Miss Havisham is the source of his fortune.
She allows him to think so. In London, Pip becomes a snob. He comes to know Estella better and becomes her closest friend. She marries a wealthy but stupid man called Bentley Drummle. She aims to make Drummle miserable, but he is too brutal for this, and it is she who suffers more. In London, Pip befriends Herbert, with whom he shares rooms and whom he met years before at Miss Havisham's house. One day Pip receives a visit from the convict he met years before, Abel Magwitch, who has prospered in sheep farming but has returned illegally from Australia.
He is the source of Pip's Great Expectations. The last part of the novel is like a thriller. Pip tries to get Magwitch out of England. He discovers that a man called Compeyson led Magwitch into crime originally.
Friendship in Great Expectations by Treceanah Jones on Prezi
Compeyson was also the friend of Miss Havisham's brother, disinherited by his parents for his way of life. When Magwitch and Compeyson were on trial for various crimes Compeyson claimed to have been led astray by Magwitch who received a much harsher sentence.
Later, though, Compeyson was jailed, and it was him whom Magwitch stopped from escaping years before on the marshes. Compeyson betrays Magwitch to the authorities. He is caught boarding a steamer for Hamburg, but jumps into the Thames, taking with him Compeyson, who is drowned. Magwitch is sentenced to death but dies first. Pip who was at first revolted by Magwitch grows to love him. With Herbert's help, Pip completes Magwitch's story. Jaggers' housekeeper, Molly, was once Magwitch's lover, and pregnant with his child.
She had a rival, whom she murdered, was defended by Jaggers, and acquitted. She gave up her child to Miss Havisham, who had asked Jaggers to find her a baby girl, and Magwitch was led to believe the child was dead.
Now Pip tells him that the child lived, grew up to be beautiful and loved by him - it is Estella. The authorities seize Magwitch's fortune. Pip is arrested for debt and catches fever. Joe comes to London, pays off his debts and nurses him back to health. Pip thinks of marrying Biddy and going back to the forge - but he finds she is already married, to Joe.
Miss Havisham has died, but before her death Pip has asked her to help set up Herbert in business. Now he becomes a partner in the business and goes abroad. Years later, he returns to Miss Havisham's house and meets Estella once more. The novel ends ambiguously with a hint that Pip and Estella will never be parted again.
Back to top Comparing texts This is a very important part of your work. Try to make comparisons within texts compare one part with another and between texts compare one text with another.
Don't be confused by compare and contrast.
The problem is that the first word is used in two senses - first, to make a comparison put two things together to see similarity or difference or anything and, second, to show similarity. This second sense is opposed to contrast, which implies showing the difference between things.
In a way, therefore, contrast is redundant - if you make a comparison this includes bringing out contrasts where these are to be found! It does mean looking broadly at things themes, relationships, techniques in both and seeing how far they are similar or different. It also does not mean stating the obvious say that one was written in the 20th century while the other is older.
A good comparison will show how two authors have something in common a theme such as personal independence, say but develop it in different ways. Or, if you prefer, they are also about being in some way dependent, and trying to change this. The bullet points are to help you meet the criteria in comparing texts which you have studied in order to look at relationships. What is the nature of each relationship and its importance to the text? Make comparisons among the various relationships - for example look for relationships which change, or which the author wants the reader to approve or disapprove.
Which of these accounts or depictions of relationships do you like most and why? Note that a novel will allow a more complex structure including, say, change over time than may be possible in a poem or short story. Comment on how the form of the writing affects the reader's or audience's viewpoint. How does the author if at all lead the reader to a particular judgement of a relationship?
Often a powerful image or symbol expresses a relationship - try to find examples of this in the texts you have studied.