The deepening relationship between Japan and India serves the goal of forestalling the Third Modi visit to Tokyo reflects deepening of Japan-India ties . India–Japan relations have traditionally been strong. The people of India and Japan have engaged in cultural exchanges, primarily as a result of Buddhism. India and Japan have joint defence exercises next month but their growing bond still has some hurdles to cross.
In this environment, a number of Indian students came to Japan in the early twentieth century, founding the Oriental Youngmen's Association in Their anti-British political activity caused consternation to the Indian Government, following a report in the London Spectator.
Over 2 million Indians participated in the war; many served in combat against the Japanese who conquered Burma and reached the Indian border.
They joined primarily because of the very harsh, often fatal conditions in POW camps. Bose was eager for the INA to participate in any invasion of India, and persuaded several Japanese that a victory such as Mutaguchi anticipated would lead to the collapse of British rule in India.
The idea that their western boundary would be controlled by a more friendly government was attractive. Also seen Subhas Chandra Bose statue in Tokyo. The judgement of Justice Radhabinod Pal is remembered even today in Japan. A relatively well-known result of the two nations' was inwhen India sent the Tokyo Zoo two elephants to cheer the spirits of the defeated Japanese empire.
India's iron ore helped Japan's recovery from World War II devastation, and following Japanese Prime Minister Nobusuke Kishi 's visit to India inJapan started providing yen loans to India inas the first yen loan aid extended by Japanese government.
Since the s, however, efforts were made to strengthen bilateral ties. Japan imposed sanctions on India following the test, which included the suspension of all political exchanges and the cutting off of economic assistance. These sanctions were lifted three years later. Relations improved exponentially following this period, as bilateral ties between the two nations improved once again,  to the point where the Japanese prime minister, Shinzo Abe was to be the chief guest at India's Republic Day parade.
His visit further strengthened the ties between the two countries, and resulted in several key agreements, including the establishment of a "Special Strategic Global Partnership".
During the meeting, India and Japan signed the "Agreement for Cooperation in Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy", a landmark civil nuclear agreement, under which Japan will supply nuclear reactors, fuel and technology to India. India is not a signatory to the non-Proliferation Treaty NPTand is the only non-signatory to receive an exemption from Japan.
This is the single largest overseas project being financed by Japan and reflected growing economic partnership between the two nations.
India is also one of the only three countries in the world with whom Japan has security pact. As of MarchJapan was the third largest investor in India. Kenichi Yoshida, a director of Softbridge Solutions Japan, stated in late that Indian engineers were becoming the backbone of Japan's IT industry and that "it is important for Japanese industry to work together with India".
Under the memorandum, any Japanese coming to India for business or work will be straightway granted a three-year visa and similar procedures will be followed by Japan. Other highlights of this visit includes abolition of customs duties on 94 per cent of trade between the two nations over the next decade.
As per the Agreement, tariffs will be removed on almost 90 per cent of Japan's exports to India and 97 per cent of India's exports to Japan Trade between the two nations has also steadily been growing. India and Japan signed an agreement in December to build a bullet train line between Mumbai and Ahmedabad using Japan's Shinkansen technology.
With the help from Japan, both countries hope this will strengthen their economic ties and suspend China's influence in Asia. India and Japan also have close military ties. They have shared interests in maintaining the security of sea-lanes in the Asia-Pacific and Indian Ocean, and in co-operation for fighting international crime, terrorism, piracy and proliferation of weapons of mass destruction . The two nations have frequently held joint military exercises and co-operate on technology.
India is also negotiating to purchase US-2 amphibious aircraft for the Indian Navy. The two nations announcedthe 50th anniversary year of Indo-Japan Cultural Agreement, as the Indo-Japan Friendship and Tourism-Promotion Year, holding cultural events in both the countries. Recently, Japan has also supported the reconstruction of Nalanda Universityan ancient Buddhist centre of learning and has agreed to provide financial assistance, and recently approached the Indian government with a proposal.
Starting from July 3, Japan issues multiple entry visas for the short term stay of Indian nationals. This is the first time that Japan signed such deal with a non-signatory of Non-Proliferation Treaty.
The Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean provides sea routes for sailing smooth oil and other supply to Japan. It may not afford adverse relations with the countries located around these sea routes.
India is also an important country. Thirteenthly, the population of the region of South Asia is more than 1. It provides huge consumption market of the Japanese goods. Thus, Japan wants to maintain its relations with the countries of the region.
The countries having interests in the region of South Asia take interest in the organisation. Japan, the US, Russia and China have the status of observer in the organisation. Fifteenth, India possesses expertise in the development of software technology. Japan wants to take benefit from it. Lastly, according to one report, Indian citizens has established more than schools in Japan.
The children of Indians settled or working in Japan are getting an education in these schools. Moreover, the Japanese students get admission in the Indian schools to learn English. Japan and India also have divergences in their bilateral relations. Certainly, the initiative has strategic implications. Japan and India are already against increasing influence of China.
Thus, the new Chinese initiative had to face the opposition of both the countries. However, in JuneJapan announced to cooperate on the initiative. However, India has opposed the idea. It signed an agreement with Iran to develop Chabahar seaport parallel to Gwadar seaport. However, this divergence may not affect warm and close relations between India and Japan due to various factors including the importance of geo-economics in international affairs.
Secondly, the nuclear arms race in the region of South Asia is worrisome for Japan. Being the only victim of nuclear catastrophe, Japan renounced nuclear programme except for peaceful purposes. The success of the cooperation between Japan and India is based on resolving territorial disputes in the region and aggressive designs of India Nuclear reactors are the primary source of the production of electricity in Japan.
When India undertook nuclear explosions in MayJapan condemned it. In response to India, Pakistan also went for nuclear explosion in May to neutralise the shifting of power balance in India and create deterrence in the region of South Asia. Japan also condemned it.
Lastly, due to the nuclear explosions undertaken by India and Pakistan and tension between the two nuclear powers, Japan feels fear of eruption of war between the two countries. The problem of Kashmir is the main bone of contention between India and Pakistan. Thus, Japan held Kashmir as a flashpoint. Japan and India established formal diplomatic relations in the same year. For this purpose, the countries including India were invited to participate in the deliberations of the treaty.
More than 50 countries attended the conference; however, 48 countries signed the treaty. India rejected the invitation. And 4 India objected to the fact that the peace treaty deliberations to be held in San Francisco would not allow for negotiation of the treaty.
According to one account, Indian monk Bodhisena performed the eye-opening ceremony of the statue of Buddha in Todaiji temple Nara.
India–Japan relations - Wikipedia
Commercial and business contacts established between Japan and the subcontinent when some people arrived in the s. During the first world war, the Europeans goods and commodities failed to meet the requirements of the subcontinent.
The Japanese products fill the gap. Inthe Japan-India Association was founded which is considered as the oldest international friendship association in Japan. After the establishment of formal relations, both the countries enjoyed political, economic, cultural and strategic relations. Japan and India have signed a number of mutual treaties.
These include the Treaty of Peace, ; Agreement for Air Service,Cultural Agreement, ; Agreement of Commerce, ; Convention for the Avoidance of Double Taxation, ; Agreement on Cooperation in the field of Science and Technology, ; and Japan-India Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement which include goods, services, movement of natural persons, custom procedures, investments and intellectual properties, Nobusuke Kishi was the first Japanese prime minister who visited India in It followed the beginning of Japanese Yen loan to India.
Economic assistance to India included loans, grants and technical assistance. According to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Japan, Japanese economic assistance to Japan in the financial year included Jawaharlal Nehru paid ten days long visit to Japan along with his daughter and ex-Indian premier Indra Gandhi.
In a reception held in the honour of visiting Indian premier at Tokyo, around Indians residing in Japan participated.
The flipside of Indo-Japan relations - Daily Times
The number of Japanese nationals residing in India by the same period was 9, Both the countries have thriving trade and investment relations.
Japan has invested in public and private sectors. It intends to raise its investment to 35 billion US dollars in next five years in both the sectors.
Japanese companies have also invested billions of dollars in India. Japan is the third largest foreign investor in India. Japanese Bank for International Cooperation conducted a survey in for assessing business sentiments. The survey held India as a first investment destination of Japanese companies followed by Indonesia and China.
Around Japanese companies have branches in India. The survey further disclosed that the Foreign Direct Investment reached million US dollars from June to Septemberwhereas it stood at million US dollars for the corresponding period, thus, an increase of million USD. Japanese cumulative investment from to was more than 25 billion USD.
Japan and India enjoy good trade relations. The trade from India to Japan stood at billion yen by In the financial yearthis trade reached more than 13 billion USD. The main items being exported from India to Japan include agricultural products, fresh fruits and dried fruits, vegetables, oilseeds, vegetable oils and fats, sugar and honey, wheat, coffee, tea, tobacco, leather garments and good, carpets, cotton, animal feed and grains and pulses etc.
Japan exports cars, vehicle parts, passenger and cargo ships and integrated circuits to India. India wants to emerge as a power of Asia. The main hurdle in its dream is China. Japan has territorial disputes with China. Thus, Japan and India formed a natural alliance in Asia continent.
However, India-Japan relations and cooperation are not limited to the region of South Asia, but it has global dimensions. The countries decided to establish a global partnership. Japan and India attended new horizons of their relationship in the post period. The Indian premier Narendra Modi is making efforts to have the status of India as an undisputed country across the world.
The flipside of Indo-Japan relations
He is aimed at having cordial relations with Muslim and non-Muslim countries. His such efforts are due to various reasons. Firstly, India is in search of finding an opportunity to equal scores of defeat with China in