Urbanization and mental health
What is the relationship between cities and industry? Urbanization and industrialization are two transformative processes for wealth generation. The industrial Revolution, starting in late 18th century, had a significant urbanizing effect. Industrialization is the basic driving force of urbanization and. Urbanization is a process whereby populations move from rural to urban area, enabling cities and towns to grow. It can also be termed as the progressive.
Hence, the industrialized nations forged for more aggressive inventions that would further enhance their industrialization. The labor force that was increasing every day due to the robust process of industrialization was already thriving in their new town. The need for everything went high. More people were working in the industries, meaning that there was more money in circulation.
People were also getting salary advancements and appraisals from their companies. These dynamics funneled modernization even the more. Towns grew more as the need to accommodate the rising demands and lifestyle changes. It became apparent that urbanization was no longer an extra provision but a necessity. While the government relied upon industrialization for prestige and economic growth, people depended on urbanization for their sustenance.
The Inventions of the Two Phenomena There is a sharp difference in the inventions that served the two spheres. The industrial revolution was one of the most successful periods of inventions in the late 16th century and early 19th century. The era was paving way for lesser philosophical intrigues and more scientific discoveries.
Carriages came into being. Coal was then discovered to be an energy source. This led to the discovery of engines. Engines and machinery that relied on fuel to run. The discovery of machinery increased the efficiency of production in the industries. Railroads were constructed to ease the work of transportation.
The process of urbanization had its own inventions as well. People invented new ways to build better houses. Architectural and civil engineers found out better ways to make long lasting roads. Better means of transporting people were being discovered. Carriages continued to be refined for use by people.
Walking became less stylish than using a carriage. City guards evolved to become administrative authorities who started to concern themselves over city planning and public health 4. Health centers came into the picture and the nursing profession was born.
As the invention in industrialization led to better ways of manufacturing and transporting, urbanization led to inventions that aimed at a much more cozy life for the developing working class. Advantages It is almost hilarious that the advantages for both industrialization and urbanization were different 5.
The industrialization advantages were more direct and defined. Industrialization led to the creation of jobs for the poor village peasants The process of production was short, reliable and very effective. The manufactured products sold at a cheaper price. It is highly influenced by the notion that cities and towns have achieved better economic, political, and social mileages compared to the rural areas. These include social and economic advantages such as better education, health care, sanitation, housing, business opportunities, and transportation.
Therefore, as populations move to more developed areas towns and cities the immediate outcome is urbanization. This normally contributes to the development of land for use in commercial properties, social and economic support institutions, transportation, and residential buildings. Eventually, these activities raise several urbanization issues. To learn more about urbanization, here are its causes, effects and solutions.
Causes of Urbanization Industrialization Industrialization is a trend representing a shift from the old agricultural economics to novel non-agricultural economy, which creates a modernized society. Through industrial revolution, more people have been attracted to move from rural to urban areas on the account of improved employment opportunities. Industrialization has increased employment opportunities by giving people the chance to work in modern sectors in job categories that aids to stir economic developments.
Commercialization Commerce and trade play a major role in urbanization. The distribution of goods and services and commercial transactions in the modern era has developed modern marketing institutions and exchange methods that have tremendously given rise to the growth of towns and cities. Commercialization and trade comes with the general perception that the towns and cities offer better commercial opportunities and returns compared to the rural areas.
Social benefits and services There are numerous social benefits attributed to life in the cities and towns. Examples include better educational facilities, better living standards, better sanitation and housing, better health care, better recreation facilities, and better social life in general.
Urbanization and mental health
On this account, more and more people are prompted to migrate into cities and towns to obtain the wide variety of social benefits and services which are unavailable in the rural areas. Employment opportunities In cities and towns, there are ample job opportunities that continually draw people from the rural areas to seek better livelihood.
Therefore, the majority of people frequently migrate into urban areas to access well paying jobs as urban areas have countless employment opportunities in all developmental sectors such as public health, education, transport, sports and recreation, industries, and business enterprises. Services and industries generate and increase higher value-added jobs, and this leads to more employment opportunities.
Modernization and changes in the mode of living Modernization plays a very important role in the process of urbanization.
The undeniable relationship between urbanization and industrialization
As urban areas become more technology savvy together with highly sophisticated communication, infrastructure, medical facilities, dressing code, enlightenment, liberalization, and other social amenities availability, people believe they can lead a happy life in cities.
In urban areas, people also embrace changes in the modes of living namely residential habits, attitudes, dressing, food, and beliefs. As a result, people migrate to cities and the cities grow by absorbing the growing number of people day after day.
Rural urban transformation As localities become more fruitful and prosperous due to the discovery of minerals, resource exploitation, or agricultural activities, cities start emerging as the rural areas transform to urbanism. Assessment of mortality and disability from diseases, injuries and risk factors in and projected to Caracci G, Mezzich JE. Culture and urban mental health. Psychiatr Clin North Am. Post-traumatic stress disorder in the National Co-morbidity Survey. Impacts of urbanization process on men.
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What is Urbanization?
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