Afghanistan–Pakistan relations - Wikipedia
This article will provide clarity on the composition of the Pakistani Taliban, identifying its various factions. It will also shed light on the relationship between the. Afghanistan–Pakistan relations involve bilateral relations between Afghanistan and Pakistan. . The Taliban claimed that they wanted to clean Afghanistan from the warlords and . US-Pakistan Relationship: Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan. With American and NATO combat troops scheduled to depart Afghanistan next year, the relationship between the Afghan Taliban and Pakistan has become.
After the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in Decemberthe United States joined Pakistan to counter Soviet influence and advance its own interests in the region. In turn, AfghanIndian and Soviet intelligence agencies played their role by supporting al-Zulfikar — a Pakistani leftist terrorist group responsible for the March hijacking of a Pakistan International Airlines PIA plane.
Its goal was to overthrow the military regime that ousted Bhutto. Pakistan became a major training ground for roughlyforeign mujahideen fighters who began crossing into Afghanistan on a daily basis to wage war against the communist Afghanistan and the Soviet forces. The mujahideen included not only locals but also Arabs and others from over 40 different Islamic nations.
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Many of these foreign fighters married local women and decided to stay in Pakistan, among them were radical Muslims such those of Saudi-led Al-Qaeda and Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood as well as prisoners from Arab countries. There were no regular schools provided for the refugees but only madrasas in which students were trained to become members of the Taliban movement. The Taliban claimed that they wanted to clean Afghanistan from the warlords and criminals.
According to Pakistan and Afghanistan expert Ahmed Rashid"between andan estimated 80, toPakistanis trained and fought in Afghanistan" keeping the Taliban regime in power. However, the relations began to decline when the Taliban refused to endorse the Durand Line despite pressure from Islamabad, arguing that there shall be no borders among Muslims.
InAfghan President Hamid Karzai warned that " Iran and Pakistan and others are not fooling anyone" when it comes to interfering in his country. In the past we have suffered alone; this time everybody will suffer with us.
All the countries in the neighborhood have the same ethnic groups that we have, so they should know that it is a different ball game this time. Relations have become more strained after the Afghan government began openly accusing Pakistan of using its ISI spy network in aiding the Taliban and other militants.
Pakistan usually denies these allegations but has said in the past that it does not have full control of the actions of the ISI. There have been a number of reports about the Afghanistan—Pakistan skirmisheswhich usually occur when army soldiers are in hot pursuit chasing insurgents who cross the border back and forth.
This leads to tensions between the two states, especially after hearing reports of civilian casualties. They may believe that by using these proxies, they are hedging their bets or redressing what they feel is an imbalance in regional power. But in reality, they have already lost that bet. Ambassador to PakistanCameron Muntertold Radio Pakistan that "the attack that took place in Kabul a few days ago, that was the work of the Haqqani network.
There is evidence linking the Haqqani Network to the Pakistan government.
Taliban - Wikipedia
This is something that must stop. The two states are working together to find solutions to the problems affecting them. This includes possible defence cooperation and intelligence sharing as well as further enhancing the two-way trade and abolishment of visas for "holders of diplomatic passports to facilitate visa free travel for the diplomats from the two nations.
Secretary of State Hillary Clinton. In Kabul, where vast portions of the city had been devastated from rocket attacks, more than half of its 1. The civil war and its never-ending refugee stream continued throughout the Taliban's reign. The Mazar, Herat, and Shomali valley offensives displaced more than three-quarters of a million civilians, using " scorched earth " tactics to prevent them from supplying the enemy with aid.
We Muslims believe God the Almighty will feed everybody one way or another.
If the foreign NGOs leave then it is their decision. We have not expelled them.
Since the creation of the Taliban, the ISI and the Pakistani military have given financial, logistical and military support. Of the estimated 28, Pakistani nationals fighting in Afghanistan, 8, were militants recruited in madrassas filling regular Taliban ranks.
The document further states that the parents of those Pakistani nationals "know nothing regarding their child's military involvement with the Taliban until their bodies are brought back to Pakistan". A document by the U.
State Department confirms that "20—40 percent of [regular] Taliban soldiers are Pakistani. State Department report and reports by Human Rights Watch, the other Pakistani nationals fighting in Afghanistan were regular Pakistani soldiers, especially from the Frontier Corps but also from the army providing direct combat support.
Of all the foreign powers involved in efforts to sustain and manipulate the ongoing fighting [in Afghanistan], Pakistan is distinguished both by the sweep of its objectives and the scale of its efforts, which include soliciting funding for the Taliban, bankrolling Taliban operations, providing diplomatic support as the Taliban's virtual emissaries abroad, arranging training for Taliban fighters, recruiting skilled and unskilled manpower to serve in Taliban armies, planning and directing offensives, providing and facilitating shipments of ammunition and fuel, and Dostum has said the reason the attack was successful was due to Pakistani commandos taking part and that the Pakistani air force also gave support.
The same year, Russia said Pakistan was responsible for the "military expansion" of the Taliban in northern Afghanistan by sending large numbers of Pakistani troops, some of whom had subsequently been taken as prisoners by the anti-Taliban United Front.
The UN secretary-general implicitly criticized Pakistan for its military support and the Security Council stated it was "deeply distress[ed] over reports of involvement in the fighting, on the Taliban side, of thousands of non-Afghan nationals".
In Julyseveral countries, including the United States, accused Pakistan of being "in violation of U. The Taliban also obtained financial resources from Pakistan. Ahmad Shah Massoud and Abdul Rashid Dostumformer enemies, created the United Front Northern Alliance against the Taliban that were preparing offensives against the remaining areas under the control of Massoud and those under the control of Dostum.
After longstanding battles, especially for the northern city of Mazar-i-SharifAbdul Rashid Dostum and his Junbish forces were defeated by the Taliban and their allies in Dostum subsequently went into exile. Ahmad Shah Massoud remained the only major anti-Taliban leader inside Afghanistan who was able to defend vast parts of his territory against the Taliban. In the areas under his control Massoud set up democratic institutions and signed the Women's Rights Declaration.