Mozart and Salieri
In Salieri's mother died and shortly afterwards his father. . Mozart was a child prodigy who had first performed in the court of Joseph II at the age of six. on every New Years but owing to his apprentice / master relationship he had. Mozart, his father and 'Idomeneo' sharp scrutiny of the Mozarts, father and son, . Idomeneo, by Salieri, Holzbauer, Vogler or others. . his father. As he repeatedly wrote, 'next to God comes Papa'. Relations between father and son became. such as Mozart's financial situation and his relationship with his father are well The most obvious point is the portrayal of Antonio Salieri. Salieri In the film.
No such report is known to exist — which would be a huge discovery to any academic who had actually seen it — so judge the reliability of Boelza's pamphlet for yourself. What does exist is a written statement from two men who were Salieri's hour caregivers during the last two years of his life, stating that they never heard him make any such confession.
There is also an anecdote that Salieri once took the very young composer Rossini to meet Beethoven at his home in Vienna. Beethoven allegedly turned Rossini away and shouted "How dare you come to my house with Mozart's poisoner? Salieri had tutored Beethoven, and the two had always been friends. Beethoven held his tutor in such high esteem that, even after Mozart's death, he dedicated his violin sonatas Opus 12 to Salieri, and wrote a series of variations on a theme from Salieri's opera Falstaff.
So even this anecdote seems unreliable. It's also noteworthy that Salieri was never under any kind of official suspicion of criminal activity.
Indeed, his professional career continued to flourish despite the rumors. Many great composers continued studying under him, including the young Franz Liszt and Franz Schubert.
Although it was Salieri who took the heat for Mozart's alleged murder, he was not the only suspect. In contrast to the popular legend, Salieri was not even the one who commissioned the Requiem upon which Mozart forced himself to work so hard even until the day of his death; that patron was Count Franz von Walsegg, who wanted the Requiem to honor his late wife.
A number of authors have put forward the hypothesis that Mozart, who was a Freemason, was killed by a Masonic conspiracy. Why would the Freemasons murder one of their own?
One claim is that the story conceals an allegory for an alleged plot to overthrow Freemasonry; another is that it contained misuses of Masonic symbols. Author Georg Friedrich Daumer was the most vocal proponent of these theories, which he first published in However, his belief that Freemasons poisoned Mozart should be viewed in the context of his other claims: He also believed that Freemason conspiracies murdered many heads of state and leaders in religion and philosophy.
But even the very idea that anyone was responsible for Mozart's death is not generally accepted among modern historians.
The most thorough accounts of Mozart's four months of illness all come from his wife, Constanze, and from shorter reports from the friends and associates who frequently visited him, including her sister Sophie. None thought he had been poisoned. Several times, Mozart told Constanze that he believed he had been poisoned with a popularly known arsenic-based potion called aqua tofana, however he dismissed the notion himself during a spell in which his health seemed to return for a time.
His principal symptom was swelling, particularly of the extremities, which caused him great pain when it was at its worst. At the application of a cold compress to his forehead on December 5,the shock caused him to lose consciousness, from which he never awoke, and died two hours later. Mozart's own doctors blamed his death on "high miliary fever", but this was a prescientific diagnosis and does not correspond to any specific diseases now known.
After his death, Mozart's first biography was written by Franz Niemetschek and was based on interviews with Constanze and Sophie and numerous documents provided by them. His second biography was written by Constanze's second husband, Georg Nikolaus von Nissen. Neither book suggests that Mozart died from any cause other than illness. Giuseppe Bonno -age 65, took over the position of Hofkapellmeister. The title of Court Composer, held by Bonno, was assumed by Salieri.
Additionally, Salieri became Kapellmeister of the Court Opera. The exact circumstances of the second promotion, to the court opera, will be revealed later. The following account of Salieri's courtship is abridged from a lengthy narrative found in Salieri's effects.
In February of that year, Salieri had been asked to provide music lessons for a young Countess in the convent of St Lorenz. Salieri's lesson appointment was from At the lunch hour the girls would pass through the music room on their way to the dining room and she was in the procession that day. Of her he says that she was " Again, on the following day she did not appear with the other girls.
Finally, on the third day of her absence, she passed through the room alone, after the others had gone. She paused and Salieri bowed to her respectfully as if to say he missed her and says he thought he detected in her glance a similar feeling. He continued to observe her pass through the music room on the days he taught there, all the while questioning himself as to whether she had reciprocal feelings or if he might be deceiving himself.
After two weeks of watching her pass through the music room, he finally had occasion to speak to her. On the second Sunday after first seeing her, he was late attending services at St. Stephan Cathedral - Vienna and found that the chapel was full. He eventually found a space at the end of a pew next to an elderly lady. Soon after seating himself, the woman rose to leave and following her was the young girl from the convent. He politely bowed to her and she returned his bow with grace. Salieri followed her from church and seeing that she was headed for the convent, took a shortcut so as meet her and her chaperone at the door of the convent.
He greeted her in French and she responded in kind. After some idle chat, he learned that her name was Therese von Helfersdorfer.
He also learned that the reason he had missed her for two days was that she had gone to the dining room early. When Salieri introduced himself she already knew who he was as the Countess had spoken highly of him. She told him her mother had passed away and she visited her father and two brothers at their home every Sunday. She would return to the convent after worship in the company of her servant.
Salieri offered to escort her to the Convent on Sundays since he attended services at the same time. She smiled and agreed. The next day, Salieri was preparing to leave for the convent for his lesson when a messenger informed him the Countess was ill and he would not be needed until further notice.
He was crushed at the thought of not seeing his Therese. All that week no messenger arrived to say the Countess had recovered and he spent that week, to use his words' " Then the would be suitor mustered every ounce of courage he could and announced that he loved her and asked if he might, " He grasp her hands and smothered them with kisses then asked to meet her father so that he might introduce himself and make his intentions known.
She asked him to give her one week to prepare her father for the meeting but added that he was already aware of the reputation of Salieri the composer and was an admirer. Then disaster; her father died during that week.
Mozart and Salieri
Herr von Helfersdorfer had appointed a guardian before his passing, and it quickly came out that the guardian, Leopold Hofmann, planned to marry Therese himself. The young lovers were in shock and Therese made it known that Salieri was the man she wished to marry. Salieri then enlisted a man of respectable reputation to escort him and called on Hofmann to make a formal application for her hand in marriage. Hofmann said he would allow the union so long as Salieri could show that he was able to support a woman of her high calling.
Salieri tallied the income from his court appointments, lessons and fees for his music and replied that he earned ducats per year. Hofmann, who happened to be Kapellmeister at the very cathedral where the couple first spoke, knew how things worked at court.
He quickly pointed out that of all of the sources that Salieri had cited, only ducats per year could be relied upon and declined his permission. Salieri asked Hofmann to keep the matter to himself. Fortunately, he did not keep quiet. Two days later the heart broken Salieri went to the Emperor's chamber for the regular chamber music gathering. The Emperor was deep in thought facing the wall and three others were present.
One of the men suddenly announced that Salieri had attempted marry a beautiful orphan but the guardian was in fact a rival. The Emperor turned to Salieri and smiled, "Is this true? When the reason for the guardians disapproval came out the Emperor turned serious and said, "Well then, you must be patient. The conditions for the raise were that Salieri must ease the burden for the aging Kapellmeister Bonno and assume the duties of Kapellmeister of the court opera.
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Salieri rushed to the Imperial Palace to thank the Emperor who merely said, "Go to the guardian and let me know his answer. On October 10, Antonio and Therese Salieri were wed. The appointments Salieri held afforded security and a steady income but they had a less desirable side as well. The Kapellmeister of the opera was expected to produce what was required at the moment. Ironically, Tom Hulce as Mozart received only a nomination; in part, his exuberant, almost campy, Amadeus seemed to some critics too much of a stereotypical Rock n' Roller who might forsake the piano for smashing guitar or drums at any moment.
Even though his music was revered, Mozart often had trouble finding work because he was temperamental and often had problems with authority.
Exploding the Salieri myth | Music | The Guardian
This is seen in the film through the level of disrespect Mozart shows his employers, including the Archbishop of Salzburg, and the father of a potential student, even in a flippant attitude toward the Emperor. While he and his family are not portrayed as especially poor, they are well-dressed, and live in a nice home, yet they are constantly struggling with debts.
In reality, Mozart had debts and was even sued for over one thousand florins for not repaying a loan to Carl Lichnowsky. Although this specific instance is not in the film, other references make the point that Mozart was a well-known debtor. In the film, Mozart comes to Salieri asking for a small, desperate loan, and Salieri warns him that it is not good for Mozart to become known in Vienna as a debtor.
He was buried, naked, in an unmarked, mass grave. Leopold took Mozart around Europe to perform as a small child in various courts.