Telemachus and odysseus relationship with gods

Telemachus | Greek mythological character |

telemachus and odysseus relationship with gods

Get an answer for 'In The Odyssey, describe Odysseus' relationship with Athena and Zeus. all mortal men in wisdom, beyond them too in giving honor to the immortal gods. Both gods assist Odysseus and Telemachus in killing the suitors. Gods & Human relationships in the Odyssey: How divine and mortal . Right at the beginning of the epic she gives Telemachus a great push and helps him to. Odysseus' Relationship with Telemachus in Homer's Odyssey been on his journey home enduring all the obstacles of adventure, The Gods, and hardship.

He does not like Odysseus and clearly favors Polyphemus in the Cyclops incident and, as a favor to the Cyclops, wrecks Odysseus raft.

telemachus and odysseus relationship with gods

Right at the beginning of the epic she gives Telemachus a great push and helps him to get started on the task, which will aid Odysseus eventually. At first in the story, Telemachus does not stand up to the greedy, parasite-like suitors: When it comes to helping Odysseus Athena is no less generous — she helps out with the battle in Book 22 and at the beginning too, in Book 5 when Odysseus is shipwrecked.

The Odyssey: Interactions Between The Gods And The Humans

From these interventions, we can see that the Gods serve as characters themselves in the story, not just as outside forces of fate. Poseidon is the angry man with the grudge against our hero, and Athena is the wise, guiding and helpful friend who helps everything and everyone along the way. Therefore, one needs to consider whether the Gods are Godlike in the Odyssey or whether another mortal could have fulfilled the roles that Poseidon and Athena play in the plotline.

telemachus and odysseus relationship with gods

Odysseus does not have to deal with anything extremely supernatural. The help he receives from Athena could have been from somewhere else. It has already been said that Odysseus and Athena are equally matched in wit and intelligence, and they are equal partners in the Odyssey. It is true that Poseidon wrecked his ship, but a storm by chance could have done the same or a villainous mortal. Surely, if Poseidon wanted Odysseus gone that badly and he had the power to do so he would simply eliminate Odysseus, and the hero would never surmount that.

Hence, the notion is maintained that while the Gods, both directly and indirectly, intervene in the Odyssey it is nothing a mortal could not do. The Gods are more like characters in the story — not supernatural, out of reach divine influences juggle with the characters like pawns to be disposed of in a chess game for higher purposes.

This reflects the notion that the Odyssey is a story of human struggles and the mortal world, and is not terribly significant to the divine Gods they have their own troubles to deal with, even their own warsand this can be seen in the fact that the Gods do not take their dealings in the mortal world back to the divine realm in the Odyssey nor do they use to the maximum their divine power in the mortal realm.

The role of the Gods is therefore limited to a certain degree in the Odyssey as this epic, perhaps unlike other epics such as the Aeneid, is a story of human endeavor. Right at the beginning, Zeus ascertains that mortals cause their own troubles, and we can clearly see this in incidents such as with the sun God Helios — Odysseus and his men bring the disastrous fate on themselves — it was not the Gods who forced Odysseus to be sacrilegious.

Not only do the mortals cause their own troubles — especially when the fall into trouble with the Gods, they can overcome the obstacles that are put in place to trap them as punishment for the trouble that they cause showing that the Odyssey is also less fatalistic than the epic of the Iliad.

Odysseus may very well be destined to return home, however how he gets home his journey is entirely upon his shoulders — and the story is about the journey and not the outcome.

Thus, the Gods in the Odyssey play many and varied roles. They have a great role outside the story as they frame the storyteller and therefore allow readers an insight into the workings of the ancient Greeks.

The Gods also serve as either prototypes or anti types of various characters further highlight personality traits in the hero Odysseus, and his wife Penelope.

The Odyssey by Homer - Book 2 Summary and Analysis

The comparisons made between characters and Gods also so give readers an understanding of what traits were valued and deemed ideal or heroic in this time-period. They do not overtly interfere with the mortal world, and they are not the centerpiece.

However, he is better off with a god indifferent to him than with a god holding a grudge against him.

Relationships between Gods and Mortals in The Odyssey Essay

Another type of relationship is one in which the gods would punish mortals for certain things, using divine intervention to negatively influence their lives. However, the crew ignores the advice and kills some cattle for food.

telemachus and odysseus relationship with gods

This is a blasphemous act and they are punished for it when Zeus sends down lightening and thunder, and they all lose their lives. Only Odysseus survives, and he barely does so. Another example of such relationship is shown through the fear that the mortals had of displeasing the gods.

Aeolus himself is scared to help them for fear that he himself will get on the bad side of a god.

telemachus and odysseus relationship with gods

The Ancient Greeks obviously had relationships with the gods they worshipped in a variety of forms. Not only did some have relationships where their respect was rewarded but others were not so lucky.

Others had relationships where the gods were practically indifferent toward them.