Alexander the Great - History Facts for Kids
His marriage to Olympias marked an alliance with her homeland, Molos- sia. Arguably it predictions of Alexander's great future, Plutarch recounts that Philip, having seen a snake .. the king and others was constantly tested. Thus beneath . Home · Egypt · Middle Ages · Greece · Rome · Asia · China · American · Quiz · Worksheets Eventually Alexander would be known as Alexander the Great. of Sparta into the Corinthian league, Philip's relationship with Alexander came apart. He banished Olympia and Alexander and married Cleopatra Eurydice*. Olympias, infamous mother of Alexander the Great, ruled as regent for A marriage was arranged between Cleopatra, daughter of Olympias.
Once the last soldier had left, the king asked his friends if they would find another like him. Unfortunately, as Justin recognises, this nobleness opened the door for the wars that followed.
This act at guaranteed that there would at least be a transitional government while the identity of the next king was decided. Chapter Sixteen Justin sums up Alexander by paying him a number of compliments. He was a man endowed with powers of mind far beyond ordinary human capacity.
Finally, he concludes, when Alexander died, [h]e was overcome at last, not by the prowess of any enemy, but by a conspiracy of those whom he trusted, and the treachery of his own subjects.
No where is this more seen than in the last two chapters above. The fact is, we know from other sources that Alexander did medise. He easily achieved this goal and in he created the city of Alexandria, named after him, of course, which became an important Greek cultural and commerce center. Later that year, he defeated the Persians again at the Battle of Gaugamela. Next he set his sights on eastern Iran, where he formed colonies under Macedonian rule.
India was next in BCE. He was impressed by Porus so he gave Porus back his rule and won his loyalty. Alexander marched eastward to the Ganges river but his troops were weary. They missed their wives and children and wanted to go back to Macedonia.
Alexander was wounded by Malli soldiers as they traveled back along the Indus river. He recovered and then he and his armies headed north along the Persian Gulf. Many of them died or became ill.
Olympias | Macedonian leader | posavski-obzor.info
In order to unify Persia and Macedonia, he commanded that Macedonians marry princesses from Persia. He recruited thousands of Persian soldiers and dismissed Macedonian soldiers. This made his loyal soldiers very angry.
Alexander and Hephaestion were possible lovers,and their tutor,Aristotle, described their relationship as "one soul abiding two bodies," After Hephaestion's death, Alexander mourned him greatly and did not eat for days.
The priests declined, but did offer him the status of divine hero. Alexander died soon after receiving this letter; Mary Renault suggests that his grief over Hephaestion's death had led him to be careless with his health.
Campaspe[ edit ] Campaspealso known as Pancaste, is thought to have been a prominent citizen of Larisa in Thessalyand may have been the mistress of Alexander.
If this is true, she was one of the first women with whom Alexander was intimate; Aelian even surmises that it was to her that a young Alexander lost his virginity.
Personal relationships of Alexander the Great - Wikipedia
One story tells that Campaspe was painted by Apelleswho enjoyed the reputation in Antiquity for being the greatest of painters. The episode occasioned an apocryphal exchange that was reported in Plinor sources for the life of Alexander. Campaspe became a generic poetical pseudonym for a man's mistress. Barsine[ edit ] Barsine was a noble Persiandaughter of Artabazusand wife of Memnon.
Personal relationships of Alexander the Great
After Memnon's death, several ancient historians have written of a love affair between her and Alexander. Plutarch writes, "At any rate Alexander, so it seems, thought it more worthy of a king to subdue his own passions than to conquer his enemies, and so he never came near these women, nor did he associate with any other before his marriage, with the exception only of Barsine.
This woman, the widow of Memnon, the Greek mercenary commander, was captured at Damascus. She had received a Greek education, was of a gentle disposition, and could claim royal descent, since her father was Artabazus who had married one of the Persian kings daughters.