Keywords: law, ethics, justice, rule of law, moral, violence, police, military, force, . Despite the clarity of such a relationship among ethics, law, and justice, this. The similarities and differences between ethics, morality and law is complex .. there are correspondingly closer relations between the law, morality and ethics. this document evaluates the relationship between ethics and law. by nana_tagoe in Law, ethics, and moral.
Moral conduct would be that which is considered 'right' based on people's consciences and society's shared values.
Ethics, morality, law – what’s the difference?
Morality is one way for a community to define appropriate activity. Ethics Ethics from the Ancient Greek word ethikos meaning 'theory of living'is a type of philosophy which attempts to figure out that right versus wrong in any given situation or scenario.
In general terms, ethics are practical moral standards that distinguish right from wrong, and give us a guide to living 'moral' lives. These standards might include duties that we should follow, such as fidelity in marriage, or the consequences of our behaviour on others. In more specific terms, some of the more difficult ethical questions on which a government might legislate could include issues relating to abortion, euthanasia and animal rights.
See image 1 In this sense, morality is both a foundation and an ultimate aim of society, and ethics is a practical way of discovering how to implement and preserve moral standards.
Relationship between Ethics, Morality, and the Law
The concept of 'public morality' is often used to justify the regulation of sexual matters, including pornography, prostitution and homosexuality, as well as issues of dress and nudity. This, however, is a narrower application of the idea of moral standards, and does not involve ethical issues of the same significance as morality in the more general sense.
Moral and ethical issues occur at both a local and a global level, and laws and other legal instruments have been developed at both levels to implement the moral and ethical standards of society. You might think about the ethical decisions you make when you walk down the street; decisions ranging from not harassing other pedestrians, to giving money to a homeless person.
The Ethics Centre - Ethics, Morality & Law | The Ethics Centre Blog
In global terms, an important ethical milestone came with the post-World War II development of the doctrine of 'human rights', which was embodied at first in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and subsequently in many international conventions, treaties and laws. However, there are many distinctions between ethics and laws. To some extent, ethics is not well defined but laws are defined and precise.
Ethics can also be distinguished by looking at whether people are being punished after they violate the rules. Nobody will be punished when they violate ethics; but whoever violates laws is going to receive punishment carried out by relevant authorities.
Besides, an action can be illegal, but morally right. For example, in ancient China, some people rob properties from rich people, and give it to poor people, and it is considered to be morally right but be illegal.
Law, morality and ethics
Similarly, an action that is legal can be morally wrong. For instance, some people spend thousands of dollars on their pets while some poor people on the street can not have enough food.
Moreover, some laws are nothing to do with ethics, like cars should go on the left side of roads. Lastly, ethics emphasizes more on positive aspects while laws are more concerned with negative actions.
In Conclusion, ethics and laws and closely related since laws represent minimum ethical behaviors of human beings; but they are distinct from many aspects.