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Another theory claims that a simplified trade language called Kifyoti was developed at the Portuguese coastal trading 18 post and it was later spread upstream by the Christian missionaries to the region between the Kwango and the Kasai rivers where it evolved further hence the kikomgo Kikwango. In the academic circles the language is called Kikongo-Kituba.
The status of Kituba in Angola is not known. In the Republic of Congo it is called Munukutuba or Kituba.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. In fact, it refers to Kikongo ya leta i. The vowels are pronounced as follows:. It is a creole language  based on Kikongoa family of closely related Bantu languages. Without proper rendering supportyou may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode djctionnaire. August Learn how and when to remove this template message.
This article includes a list of referencesbut its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. The classes 9 and 11 have in effect merged with the singular class with zero prefix, and their plural is formed with generic plural class prefix ba.
Kituba has a well-developed verbal system involving grammatical tense and aspect.
Sadisa “to help”, Sadisana “help one another”, Sadisanaka “helped one another past . The long forms are used in formal written communication whereas the short forms have kikingo for spoken communication.
Dictionnaire français-kikongo ya leta in SearchWorks catalog
It is not widely available. The latter means simply “speech”. All other verbs are conjugated with the help of auxiliary verbs. Kituba is a widely used idctionnaire franca in Central Africa. The most common forms are “ila”, indicating action to or toward someone, and “ana”, indicating mutual or reciprocal action:.
The bulk of Kituba words come from Kikongo. Kituba has kept by and large the noun classes of ethnic Kikongo with some modifications. It is the only irregular verb in Kituba. In the Democratic Republic ductionnaire the Congo it is called Kikongo ya leta i.
They are very similar to the vowels of Spanish and Italian.
Catalog Record: Dictionnaire kikongo-français | Hathi Trust Digital Library
Retrieved from ” https: The former is a grammatically incorrect phrase which means literally “I to speak”.
First Kituba developed downriver Congoan area which is inhabited by the Bakongo. Kituba is the largest language of the Republic of Congo. Kitubabecause a translation of the constitution itself is written in Kituba but no translation exists in Kikongo. The irregular conjugation of the verb kuvanda or kuvuanda to be is presented in the table below. In addition, many words have been borrowed from FrenchPortugueseand English. This page was last edited on 28 Decemberat A national language is also one that is used for public and mass communication.
Please dictionnaire to improve this article by introducing more precise citations. The workers had diverse linguistic backgrounds which gave birth to a grammatically simplified language. Kikongo of the state administrationbut it is often called kioongo short Kikongoespecially out of the region of ethnic Bakongo people.
Kituba is known by many names among its speakers. Vowels are never reduced, regardless of stress.
Kituba has five vowel phonemes: Regardless of the genesis, Kituba has established itself in the large towns that were found during the colonial period between and There are also other historical names such as KibulamatadiKikwangoIkeleve literally: The suffix indicating voice is adding after the verb root and before the suffix indicating tense. Kongo Kituba Lingala Swahili Tshiluba. Language articles citing Ethnologue 18 Articles lacking in-text citations from August All articles lacking in-text citations Language articles with old Ethnologue 18 speaker data Wikipedia articles needing clarification from July Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers.
Languages of the Republic of the Congo.
The name Kituba is used in the constitution of the Republic of Congo. It is probable that it is understood by some of the Bakongo people there, especially those who have lived in the Republic of Congo or the Democratic Republic of Congo as refugees or otherwise.
Views Read Edit View history. He is not hereand Kizabave but they have largely fallen out of use. There are several theories on how Kituba came into being. In practice the term national language means that it is a language of regional administration and elementary education.
The conjugation of the verb kusala to do is presented in the table below. The constitution of the Democratic Republic of Congo lists Kikongo as one of the national languages. For a guide to IPA symbols, see Help: Editions LECO, p. This article contains IPA phonetic symbols.