Written in the first part of the fifth century, this work is a charming record of the observations of a Christian woman on a lengthy pilgrimage to the Holy Lands. This new version of the late fourth-century diary of journeys in and around the Holy Land known as the Itinerarium Egeriae provides a more. About Egeria. Egeria, one of the earliest documented Christian pilgrims, visited the most important destinations of pilgrimage in the eastern Mediterranean.
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Matthew McCreight rated it it was amazing Apr 02, Meister’s book on the subject and made a careful resume of his conclusions for her, of which use has been freely made in this Introduction. For this day is observed with great dignity there on account of the memorial of holy Abraham, whose house stood where the church now is, in which the body of the holy martyr is laid.
And when the ninth hour approaches they go up with hymns to the Imbomon, that is, to the place whence the Lord ascended into heaven,and there they sit down, for all the people are always bidden to sit when the bishop is present ; the deacons alone always stand. The village, which is situated in the middle of the level ground, has in its midst a little hill of no great size, shaped as large tombs are wont to be.
In like manner at the sixth hour all go again to the Anastasis, and psalms and antiphons are said, while the bishop is being summoned ; then he comes 1 See Introduction, pp. It is called the martyrium because it is in Golgotha behind the Cross, where the Lord suffered.
Inhowever, a detailed and determined attack upon his views was made by Karl Meister in the Rheinisches Museum, so far as the date and nationality of the pilgrim are concerned ; but his arguments were in Monseigneur Duchesne’s opinion 1 successfully met and answered by the Abbe Deconinck Revue Biblique, and others.
Hymns and antiphons suitable to the day and to the place are said, and likewise all the lessons are read. And this canon is performed: The plain is a very great one, lying under the mountains of Arabia above the Jordan ; it is the place of which it is written: McClure herself, a few by the present writer. The holy bishop also showed us the memorial of Abgar and of his whole family, very beautiful, but made in the ancient style.
Wherefore the holy bishop detained us there for some two days, a holy man and truly a man of God, well known to me from the time when I had been in the Thebaid. It may reasonably be assumed that the missing part contained the account of her journey from her Western home to Constantinople, 2 from 1 Dom Ferotin p.
The Pilgrimage of Egeria
But it’s disry interesting to read these books in the original. And so she brings her story to an end, which investigation proves to be as veracious as it is undoubtedly vivacious throughout.
For that valley is indeed very great, lying under the slope of the mount of God, and measuring, as far as we could judge by our sight, or as they told us, about sixteen miles in length, but they called its 1 Eng. She does fgeria apply this word “confessor” to pilgrimzge other of the bishops, although she has several times noted that they were or had been monks formerly, while the still vigorous old priest whom she saw on Mount Sinai had been ” both a monk from an early age and, as they say here, an ascete.
Wilson thinks it may be the slight elevation on the ridge of Olivet, known afterwards as Galilee], and this canon is performed: And as this city is very beautiful and rich and abounds in everything, it was necessary for me to make a halt there, for the borders of Mesopotamia were not far distant. And so it was done.
Philippe Beaujean rated it liked it Dec 25, When we come to the pilgrimages which are admittedly of the sixth century, e. Through- out the whole night psalms are said responsively in turn with antiphons and with various lections, the whole lasting until morning, and the dismissal, which takes place on the Sabbath at the Anastasis, is before sunrise, that is, the oblation, so that the dis- missal may take place in the Anastasis at the hour when the sun begins to rise.
And eight weeks are kept ppilgrimage there is no fasting on the Lord’s Days, nor on the Sabbaths, except on the one Sabbath on which the Vigil of Easter falls, in which case the fast is obligatory.
With regard to Etheria’s use of the word missa in her narrative, it must be remembered that it still has for her its original meaning of “dismissal,” and is so 1 The pilgriamge of Prudentius a Spaniard were not used as church hymns till somewhat later in the fifth century. So now that, together with the holy men who dwelt there, we had seen all the holy places we desired, as well as all the places which the children of Israel had touched in going to and from the mount of God, we returned to Faran in the name of God.
Thus, then, is the feast celebrated with all this joyfulness and festal array throughout the eight days in all the holy places which I have mentioned above. For from his time to the present day if any pilgirmage wishes to build himself a house here, and so strikes on these foundations, he sometimes finds little fragments of silver and bronze.
Egeria: Diary of a Pilgrimage by Egeria
The earlier legend made out that S. Eteria were condemned by edicts of Theodosius in and Bernard, p. Thomas thither, after that He Himself had ascended into Heaven.
Duchesne and to Dom Cabrol and they both agreed it appeared to solve the difficulty. In the Coptic ostraca found in Egypt we have many parallel expressions ; e. She characterizes the Pentateuch, from which she naturally quotes most often, as “the holy books of holy Moses. She then returned to Antioch and pursued her westward journey, through Cilicia, till she came to Tarsus. At the Sunday Eucharist as many of the priests who were present preached as wished to, and the bishop preached last of all.
Duchesne, Christian Worship, 4th edit. Without further description of her journey Etheria arrived once more in Jerusalem. However, others including Hagith Sivan, have pointed out that during Egeria’s time it was common to address fellow lay Christians as “sisters” and “brothers.
Though she often uses the first person Singular as the egegia of the pil- grimage, yet she no less often speaks of ” we ” and “us” in a way which serves to show diarj she travelled with a certain retinue of her own ; while, in the jour- ney to Mount Sinai, she was also accompanied by certain holy guides deductores], and again when she went to Mount Nebo.
Etheria gives us likewise an account that will be read with interest of what she was told about the letters of Abgar to our Lord and His answer.
There seems to be no reference to this place in Holy Scripture. The Pilgrimage oj Etlu r;n. Half of the surviving text deals with her travels in search of the holy places mentioned in the accounts of the wanderings of the Israelites, and half details the liturgy observed in the churches in Jerusalem.
And when the holy bishop had told me all these things, he said to me: May 06, Christiane rated it it was amazing.