Mackie begins the article by saying that he thinks that all the arguments for God’s “God is omnipotent; God is wholly good; and yet evil exists. Mackie and McCloskey can be understood as claiming that it is impossible for all . The logical problem of evil claims that God’s omnipotence, omniscience and. IV.—EVIL AND OMNIPOTENCE. By J. L. MACKIE. THE traditional arguments for the existence of God have been fairly thoroughly criticised by philosophers.
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We would not say this about Dostoevsky cases It seems that God could have actualized whatever greater goods are made possible by the existence of persons without allowing horrible instances of evil and suffering to evol in this world. Written by Nazmus Shakib Khandaker with edits.
Critiques on J. L. Mackie’s “Evil and Omnipotence”
What should we make of Plantinga’s Free Will Defense? New Essays in Philosophical Theology. According omnipltence Plantinga, people in the actual world are free in the most robust sense of that term.
Let’s figure out which of these worlds are possible. If answers no, then there are things he cannot do and he is not omnipotent. Hick rejects the traditional macie of the Fall, which pictures humans as being created in a finitely perfect and finished state from which they disastrously fell away.
ex-apologist: Notes on Mackie’s “Evil and Omnipotence”
They will also be able to guess why a different reason was chosen in this article. It should be obvious that 13 conflicts with 1 through 3 above.
In fact, it appears that even the most hardened atheist must admit that MSR1 and MSR2 are possible reasons God might have for allowing moral and natural evil. Recall that the logical problem of evil can be summarized as the following claim:. Science Logic and Mathematics. This is the “logical problem of evil. Register Username Email Is English your native language?
Making of wrong choices is logically necessary for freedom. But everything could be red and nothing non-red.
Evil and Omnipotence: Critique – Analysis Essay |
This is the best of all logically omnipotenve worlds because it includes the important second order goods, even though real evils 1 st order evils of pain and disease exist.
If God were all-powerful, God would be able to do something about all of the evil and suffering. Is this kind of situation really possible?
He can create a world with free creatures or he can causally determine creatures to choose what is right and to avoid what is wrong every time; but he can’t do both. However, I’m not quite so confident that they’ve been defeated. Terrific blog and fantastic design and style.
If God has a morally sufficient reason for allowing evil and suffering, theists claim, it will probably look something like Mrs. That certainly runs contrary to central doctrines of theism.
It has no choice about the matter. But 2 nd order evil exists. Yes No What is your profession? His solution to the mackje problem of evil leaves them feeling unsatisfied and suspicious that they have been taken in by some kind of sleight of hand. For my own part, though, worries about the metaphysical compossibility are my primary concern here.
In the second half of the twentieth century, atheologians that is, persons who try to prove the non-existence of God commonly claimed that anx problem of evil was a problem of logical inconsistency. She writes, Natural evil—the pain of disease, the intermittent and unpredictable destruction of natural disasters, the decay of old age, macckie imminence of death—takes away a person’s satisfaction with himself.
Mass murderers and serial killers typically have reasons for why they commit horrible crimes, but they do not have good reasons. A world of omnipotene creatures that worked like machines—would hardly be worth creating.
Death, disease, pain and even the tiresome labor involved in gleaning food from the soil came into the world as a direct result of Adam and Eve’s sin. Notes on Mackie’s “Evil and Omnipotence”. So, W 1 is clearly possible. So God could have made everything good, though if he did we would not notice it.
Logical Problem of Evil
Someone in my Mackif group shared this website with us so I came to check it out. There is no way that mackiie and 14 could both be true at the same time. What would it look like for God to have a morally sufficient reason for allowing evil? It’s only when people have morally good reasons that we excuse or condone their behavior. Can he make a rock so big he can’t lift it?
They may not represent God’s actual reasons, but for the purpose of blocking the logical problem of evil, it mwckie not necessary that Plantinga discover God’s actual reasons.
Moral evil, they continue, includes both moral wrong-doing such as lying, cheating, stealing, torturing, and murdering and character defects like greed, deceit, cruelty, wantonness, cowardice, and selfishness. In the description of the sixth day of creation God says to Adam and Eve.
And yet part of what it means for creatures to have morally significant free will is that they can do morally bad things whenever they want to.