Coulson, S., Van Petten, C., Federmeier, K. D., & Kutas, M. (). Right hemisphere sensitivity to word- And sentence-level context: Evidence. First published: 28 February Address reprint requests to: Kara D. Federmeier, Department of Psychology, University of Illinois Urbana Champaign, E. This work was supported by grants HD and AG to Marta Kutas. Memory & Cognition. July , Volume 33, Issue 5, pp – | Cite as Kara D. Federmeier Email author; Heinke Mai; Marta Kutas. Kara D. Federmeier. 1.

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Of course, the relationship between production and comprehension, federmrier, in particular, the extent to which they share representations and processes at different levels of the language system, is a complex and controversial topic.

Age-related and individual differences in the use of prediction during language comprehension

American Journal of Psychology. Florida; A green vegetable: The publisher’s final edited version of this article is available at Psychophysiology. Sentence processing strategies in healthy seniors with poor comprehension: Email address for updates.

Given the theoretical and empirical indications that prediction may, at least in some cases, entail additional resources or costs, it becomes important to ask whether predictive processing occurs under all circumstances.

Hemispheric asymmetries and joke comprehension. Semantic priming in young and older adults: However, it is proposed that a core difference between the hemispheres lies in the functional efficacy of their top-down connections, with feedback connections playing a much larger role in shaping LH processing.

Overall accuracy was high: This “Cited by” count includes citations to the following articles in Scholar. Stimuli consisted of the phrasal cues antonym cues and category cues from Experiment 1.

Age-related and individual differences in the use of prediction during language comprehension

Instead, facilitation was a function of both the featural similarity between these items and the words most expected in the contexts and the strength of the prediction for those expected but not presented words. Federkeier, however, the pattern of N sensitivity to experimental variables was unchanged. Learning, Memory, and Cognition. N latency and amplitude were assessed at the 11 medial centro-posterior channels where such responses are characteristically most prominent e.


In a systematic study of N responses across a range of six decades of age from the 20s through the 70sKutas and Iragui found a linear decrease in N amplitude just under 0. Multiple effects of sentential constraint on word processing. However, Experiment 2 revealed no evidence that older adults feddermeier actually slower than young adults at producing category exemplars or antonyms on demand.

The cerebral hemispheres cooperate to performcomplex but not simple tasks. Event-related potentials reveal hemispheric asymmetries in the encoding and retention of verbal information.

Thus, both groups showed N priming for expected antonym targets. Uncovering the factors that influence the nature or degree of age-related neurocognitive changes in language processing promises to provide us with the greatest opportunity to maintain effective ways of gaining information from the environment and maintaining social ties across the lifespan.

Kara Federmeier – Google Scholar Citations

A growing body of literature attests to the fact that the language comprehension system of younger adults uses context information to probabilistically preactivate semantic, morphosyntactic, phonological, and even orthographic features of likely upcoming words. Table 2 Accuracy correct out of and response times milliseconds to voice onset for younger and older adults for the two cue types.

Extending patterns 0205 across studies in the sentence processing literature, the results from the current experiments ffedermeier that this processing consequence is specific to unexpected items that are also plausible, suggesting the effect reflects something about the need to assimilate the new information into the current representation, rather than a more general effect ferermeier unexpectedness or mismatch.


The emergence of phonology from the interplay of speech federmeifr and production: In particular, left hemisphere language processing seems to be oriented toward prediction and the use of top-down cues, whereas right hemisphere comprehension is more bottom-up, biased toward the veridical maintenance of information.

With RVF presentation, P2 amplitudes were larger for expected than for unexpected endings, suggesting that LH sentence processing provides top-down information that allows enhanced visual feature extraction from expected targets.

Anticipating words and their gender: If so, the subset of older adults who did show predictive processing patterns may be those who are able to overtly produce responses in time. Opposite Cue Expected Incongruent The opposite of above below civil The opposite of bottom top clear The opposite of dirty clean final The opposite of future past stage The opposite of heaven hell chief The opposite of male female green The opposite of over under least The opposite of rise fall name The opposite of shallow deep active The opposite of victory defeat company.

New articles related to this author’s research.

The role of the right hemisphere in the interpretation of figurative aspects of federmeer Verbal fluency was actually the best predictor of the pattern; in this test, individuals are asked to generate as many words from a particular semantic category or beginning with a particular letter of the alphabet as they can in 1min.