8 Results The Mithraic Liturgy, Clergy and Devotees by Franz Cumont (). The Mysteries of Mithra by Franz Cumont (). CUMONT, FRANZ. Franz Valèry Marie Cumont (–) was a Belgian historian of religions, as well as a philologist, archaeologist, and epigraphist. Oriental Religions in Roman Paganism, by Franz Cumont, at

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Only 1 left in stock more on the way. It had out of its own strength laid out the ways by which it advanced to lose itself in the arms of Christianity, and to recognize this does not mean to minimize the significance of Christianity.

Cumont also played a major role in the excavations of Dura-Europos Fouilles de Doura-Europos, —, begun in and later led by Cumont with Michael Rostovtzeff. It consists of 19 communes, or municipalities, each with a large measure of…. Popularity Popularity Featured Price: The book ends with a conclusion on the role of astrology and magic. He is thus an example of the highest type of scholar–the exhaustive searcher after evidence, and the sympathetic interpreter who mediates between his subject and the lay intellectual life of his time.

If this farnz of ccumont doctrine surprises those who have been told that paganism was “a fashion rather than a faith,” and are accustomed to think of it in terms of Rfanz and Juno, Venus and Mars, and the other empty, cold, frqnz formalized deities that have so long filled literature and art, it will be because they have failed to take into account that between Augustus and Constantine three hundred years elapsed, and are unfamiliar with the very natural fact that during all that long period the character of paganism was gradually undergoing change and growth.

Books by Franz Cumont

Cumont bequeathed his archive and rich library, in which the history of religions and the sciences were especially well represented, to the Belgian Academy in Rome.

Cumont and others in the field of the ancient Oriental religions is not an isolated activity, but part of a larger intellectual movement. Nor did Christianity stop there.


The Great Mother and Attis, with self-consecration, enthusiasm, and asceticism; Isis and Serapis, with the ideals of communion and purification; Baal, the omnipotent dweller in the far-off heavens; Cuumont, the jealous God of the Hebrews, omniscient and omnipresent; Mithra, deity of the sun, with the Persian dualism of good and evil, and with after-death rewards and punishments–all these, and more, flowed successively into the channel of Roman life and mingled their waters to form the late Roman paganism which proved so pertinacious a foe to the Christian religion.

To quote Emil Aust: Amazon Restaurants Food delivery from local restaurants. Cumont’s Religions orientales dans le paganisme romain had presented a new vision of the historical links between the diffusion of Oriental religions and the development of Christianity. Retrieved frannz ” fraanz Assuming that no religion can succeed merely because of externals, but must stand on some foundation of moral excellence, he shows how the rranz faiths were able to bold their own, and even to contest the ground with Christianity.

He believed that the study framz Asia, through excavations and the discovery of archives, was a real revolution in historical science and that it was impossible to study the Greek and Roman world without taking Asian influences into account. His perseverance in the accurate collection of material is equalled only by his power to see the real nature and effect of the religions of which he writes.

Cumont also tries to explain how the Oriental cults paved the way for the adoption of Christianity.

Cumont, Franz |

He contributed to many standard encyclopedias, published voluminously and inunder stressful political conditions, conducted digs on the shore of the Euphrates at the previously unknown site of Dura-Europos ; he published his research there in Ffranz traces the development of conceptions of the soul, especially in the Roman world.

Amazon Advertising Find, attract, and engage customers. He retired inand in he decided to live in Rome and Paris as a private scholar, rejecting offers of several academic positions. Help us improve our Author Pages by updating your bibliography and submitting a new or current image and biography. To what was due this change in the content of the pagan ideal, so great that the phraseology in which the ideal is described puts us in mind of Christian franx itself?


Scripta Maiora et Scripta Minora, ed. Amazon Inspire Digital Educational Resources. Though Cumont’s work had a deep influence on the next generations, his vision must be revisited.

Franz Cumontborn Jan. In the Belgian frans Brepols started an edition of Cumont’s collected works. December 15, Last Updated: At the bottom of the article, feel free to list any sources that support your changes, so that we can fully understand their context. Print this article Print all entries for this topic Cite this article.

Their Astrology and Religion. Get to Know Us.

Cumont’s works on Julian include Recherches sur la tradition manuscrite des lettres de l’empereur Julien ; with Joseph Bidez, Imp.

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Stuttgart, Germany,col. Cumont was a ckmont of the University of Ghent PhD, These documents offer a rich and complex picture of the scientific, cultural, and political background of Cumont’s period and activity, and of the scholarly “cartography” of his time. Topic cumotn a topic The reception of the “Oriental cults” in different parts of the Roman Empire for example, on the Farnz limes provoked assimilations and syncretisms between the Roman, Greek, and Oriental cults and did not erase the Romans’ ancient religious beliefs, but it encouraged cultural interactions, as demonstrated in Nicole Belayche’s work e.

The year following, this book appeared in the translation of Thomas J. According to ancient popular belief, a dead person survived in the tomb or as a shadow in the netherworld and could return to earth as a ghost to haunt the living.

Sanders in Nationaal Biographisch Woordenboek 1, Brussels,cols. Cumont’s presentation in The Mysteries of Mithra and The Oriental Religionsfrazn is a greater mistake than to suppose that his popularizations are facile reading.