Treatise on Instrumentation (Dover Books on Music) [Hector Berlioz, Richard Strauss] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. The most influential. Includes full-score musical examples from works by Berlioz, Mozart, Beethoven, Wagner, and others. Music Books | Music History and Theory – Books on Music; /; Treatise on Instrumentation By: Hector Berlioz, Richard Strauss. Book Source: Digital Library of India Item : Hector ioned.

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At no time in the history of music has so much been said as at present about Instrumentation. Then it sings a gentle lament, and rises to express reproach, deep grief, and the cry of a heart torn by incurable wounds. Hence it has not as yet been possible for them to reach the point of the other branches of the art of music.

Cymbals are often used in conjunction with the bass drum, but as I have just said about the latter instrument, they can be used separately to excellent effect in many circumstances. These cause each key to sound both the fundamental note and the octave or double octave of the note, or the double octave without instrumfntation octave, or even the octave above and the octave below simultaneously.

This sad murmur and the faint sound of this solo, reproducing a melody already heard in an earlier piece, have always struck audiences deeply. The sound of the trombone is so distinctive that it must never be heard except to produce a special effect.

All the more so as composers usually do not have the excuse of an original rhythm which they might want to enhance and bring out over instrumenation rhythms. This method is probably far superior to the opposite one which most contemporary French and Italian composers have now adopted. It has taken nearly a century to reach that point.

In a single forte trombones in three part harmony, especially in their middle range, convey an expression of heroic pomp, of majesty and pride, which only a prosaic and vulgar melody could diminish or nullify. My library Help Advanced Book Search.

It can therefore be used to good effect in many circumstances. The authority of a hundred old men, be they all agedshould not persuade us to find ugly what is beautiful, nor beautiful what is ugly. But this doubling in the lower part is too weak and out of proportion to the upper part, and the result is a superfluous buzzing sound, which tends to obscure rather than enhance the vibration of the higher notes on the violins.

Treatise on Instrumentation – Wikipedia

But it is a mistake to suppose that all orchestras must be constructed according to this scheme, which is based on the predominance of string instruments.

But if they are properly composed, well drilled and well conducted, and if they are playing real music, they should be called powerful ; in truth, the difference between these two words could not instrumentatiom greater.


By doubling or tripling in the same proportions and order this body of performers the result would probably be a superb festival orchestra.

It is just a matter of knowing how to let them speak. It is better in such cases to write them in two parts than to make the clarinets berlios in unison or in octaves.

Treatise on Instrumentation

Nothing has such voluptuous sadness as a mass of cellos playing in unison on the A string, and nothing is better suited to expressing tender and languorous melodies. The need for runs of this kind is extremely rare, and we confess we have not yet come across it. When Monteverdi tried to add to them the dominant seventh chord without preparation, he insstrumentation assailed with criticism and invective of every kind.

These registers give the melodium a range of seven octaves, although its keyboard only has five.

Grand traité d’instrumentation et d’orchestration modernes, Op.10 (Berlioz, Hector)

But a careful study will reveal that it possesses an expressiveness of its own, and is well suited to rendering some feelings which no other instrument can match.

And yet a way was found, some thirty years ago, of demeaning it by reducing it to a slavish duplication of the double-bass part, which is useless and grotesque. Only the very soft stops seem to be suitable for the accompaniment of voices. An orchestra with a thousand wind instruments, and a chorus of two thousand voices, if placed in an open plain will not have one twentieth of the musical effectiveness of an ordinary orchestra of eighty musicians and a chorus of a hundred voices carefully arranged in the hall of the Conservatoire.

The reason for this probably lies in the development of this branch of art, and perhaps also in the proliferation of critical opinions, varied doctrines, pronouncements whether reasonable or unreasonable, spoken or written, which instrumfntation elicited by even the slightest works of the most insignificant composers.

It serves then to complete trumpet chords, and to contribute to the orchestra groups of notes, whether diatonic or chromatic, which because of their speed would be unsuitable for tdeatise or horns.

On the contrary, that is the pointin everything and everywhere. The oboe would have sounded too childlike and its voice would not have seemed pure enough. It can be used for melodies and accents of different kinds, though it cannot match the artless gaiety of the oboe or the noble tenderness of the clarinet.

Tied grace notes are also feasible in pizzicato playing. Beethoven has also made use of these barely articulated notes sc. Its low strings have a characteristic, husky timbre while its high notes are distinguished by their mournfully passionate instrumenttaion. Comparison may also be made with the Report written by Berlioz on the musical instruments exhibited in at the Great Exhibition in London, and available on this site both in the original French and in an English translation.


But there is nothing like the sound of these mysterious notes when combined with chords from flutes and clarinets playing in the middle register; surprisingly it was only three years ago that for the first time a demonstration was treatis of the affinity of these timbres and of the poetic beauty of combining them together […]. The instrument requires harmony, or at least the unison of the other members of its family for its various qualities to manifest themselves completely.

Meyerbeer on his side needed to use a deep bell in F to give the signal for the massacre of the Huguenots, in the fourth Act of the hfctor of that name.

What virtuoso players attempt in this style of playing, in their fantasias and variations, is hardly likely to demonstrate the opposite. It commands all the accents, grave or powerful, of high musical poetry, from imposing and calm religious tones to the frenzied clamour of an orgy. Only light-hearted gaiety, or even carefree joy, seem not to suit them. Almost at once a new kind of pedantry arose: The most direct, beautiful and noble march theme loses its nobility, directness and beauty if heard on the oboes.

It is rather like a bull escaped from its stable and frolicking in a salon. Hence its priceless ability to produce a distant sound, the echo of an echo, a sound like twilight. I have said that the horn is a noble and melancholy instrument, and this is true despite those joyful hunting fanfares that are often mentioned. It is very characteristic, even when only treatize two instruments are used, but the impact can insgrumentation increased by a sharp stroke on the timpani together with a brief chord on the remaining instruments.

In the case of drums, bass drums, cymbals and timpani, for example, if they are used all at once to play certain rhythms in the commonplace manner, they can remain grouped together. Berlioz was also known as a great conductor in his time, in addition to a composer. Les Francs-juges rteatise, Op. Their effect is enhanced and ennobled in proportion to the numbers used; a single side drum, particularly when used in an ordinary orchestra, has always seemed to me trivial and vulgar.

In the Symphonie Fantastique the cymbals are used only at the very end of the 4th and 5th movements the last chord. The organisation of the Treatise in chapters has therefore not been followed beyond chapter 1. Hence the following classification of the means currently available to him:. In other projects Wikimedia Commons.