Hortus Eystettensis was published in to document a garden created by the Prince-Bishop of EichstStt which contained all the shrubs and flowering plants. BESLER, Basilius (). Hortus Eystettensis. [Nuremberg]: Royal broadsheet ( x mm). Letterpress: dedication to Johann Christoph, Prince. The Biodiversity Heritage Library works collaboratively to make biodiversity literature openly available to the world as part of a global biodiversity community.

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Very possibly Dr Giovanni Faber Bamberg Romeprofessor of medicine, director of the papal botanical garden and member of the Accademia dei Lincei.

The print is dedicated to Giovanni Faber; and dated 20 December Some of the drawings appear to be by another artist. London 13 July The Bishop, Johann Konrad von Gemmingen, commissioned Besler to produce the work, which he compiled over sixteen years, although the bishop died before its completion.

The work was published twice more in Nuremberg, in andusing the same plates. Hainhofer had been instructed to acquire for Duke August an uncoloured copy in sheets, and in this letter he reports that the price of an uncoloured copy had risen to 48 florins; that he had managed to obtain for Duke August a copy otherwise destined for Faber; and that two other copies still remained for sale.

Tongiorgi Tomasi Oak Spring Flora There it was fully coloured by an Italian artist, bound for the first eystettnesis — thereby retaining almost its full sheet size — and extra-illustrated with the addition of very fine original botanical drawings and an engraved print dated While uncoloured copies were available for hotus florins rising to 48coloured copies cost florins.

Herzog August of Braunschweig exclaimed in disbelief over the price of a coloured copy, but acquired one nonetheless, once he was assured that he had indeed understood the price correctly. After Camerarius’s death, a Nuremberg apothecary, Basilius Besler, advised on the gardens, and it was he who undertook immortalising the garden in detailed and delicate engravings for the year-round enjoyment of his patron and for posterity in the Hortus Eystettensis.


The present copy is the only one known to have been coloured hortjs of the Alps and hprtus only one extra-illustrated. The additional drawings are by at least two artists. Two versions were produced, cheap black and white for use as a reference book, and a luxury version without text, printed on quality paper and lavishly hand-coloured. The majority of drawings are directly on the plate and are very fine, possibly by the artist who coloured the work.

Hortus Eystettensis – Plants of the Four Seasons 9

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. The luxury version sold for an exorbitant florinswhile the plain, uncoloured copies went for 35 florins each. History of botany Botanical literature. The work generally hortys the four seasons, showing first the flowering and then the fruiting stages. The work was first published in and consisted of copper engravings, with an average of three plants per page, so that a total of species were depicted.

Lacking season titles as often; a few small wormholes in title, preliminary leaves, first few and final 7 plates; single wormhole in blank area through plate 85; faint dampstaining in first approx. This page was last edited on 13 Januaryat Contact Client Service info christies.

Camerarius’ nephew, Ludwig Jungermann —was a botanist and wrote the lion’s share of the descriptive text.

Besler had the assistance of his brother and a group of skilled German draughtsmen and engravers, including Sebastian Schedel, an accomplished eystettensls, and Wolfgang Kiliana skilled engraver from Augsburg. The plates were of garden flowers, herbs and vegetables, exotic plants such as castor-oil and arum lilies.

Italian, probably Milanese, midth-century russet calf over pasteboard, border of gilt and blind fillets, large central lozenge of floral tools and small stars, larger tool repeated at corners and, with pomegranate tool, in spine compartments, title lettered along spine, 4 clasps, sprinkled edges, later slipcase hhortus endpapers, a little worming, wear at spine with loss at head, lower spine compartment renewed, some rubbing, discreet repairs at extremities, clasp-leather renewed.


Despite much interest in the work and numerous documentary sources, much mystery still surrounds its publication.

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Faber counted among his close friends the artists Rubens, Brill and Elsheimer, and scientists across Europe, including Christoph Clavius, Marcus Welser, Giovanni della Porta, and many others.

Articles to be expanded from October All articles to be expanded Articles needing translation from German Wikipedia. Descriptions of the plants were in Latin and showed remarkable anticipation of the binomial system, in that the captions often consisted of the first two or three words of the description.

October Click [show] for important translation instructions.

Hortus Eystettensis – Plants of the Four Seasons 9

Five drawings are on separate sheets bound in, one on prepared blue paper with an inscription in Italian on the verso, and one of the giant granadilla, representing the specimen grown by Cardinal Farnese. Interestingly, a similar print of the giant granadilla, but with caption by Tobia Aldini and dated Venice, 20 Julyis preserved in the copy of the Hortus Eystettensiscoloured in Germany, bound eystettesis Italy, and owned by the noted Venetian art patron, Andrea Vendramin fl.

Christie’s is grateful to Nicolas Barker for sharing his expertise on the edition and its colouring. Exact name of German article]]; see its history for attribution.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Royal broadsheet x mm.