Mackie begins the article by saying that he thinks that all the arguments for God’s “God is omnipotent; God is wholly good; and yet evil exists. (12) If evil and suffering exist, then God is either not omnipotent, not omniscient, .. such as Anthony Flew and J. L. Mackie have argued that an omnipotent God. IV.—EVIL AND OMNIPOTENCE. By J. L. MACKIE. THE traditional arguments for the existence of God have been fairly thoroughly criticised by philosophers.

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The Problem of Evil: If God was free to create any world he wanted, then he could have choosen that one he has free will, no?

Grave – – Mind 65 If God is all-powerful, all-knowing and perfectly good, why does he let so many bad things happen? And the same if for good to exist some evil must also exist. Email alerts New issue alert. Now God can create free creatures, but he cannot cause or determine them to do only what is right. The k described will be possible if the descriptions of those worlds are logically consistent.

In other words, 1 through 4 form a logically inconsistent set. Logical Consistency and the Logical Problem of Evil How might a theist go about nackie that 16 is false?

I suggest, then, that it is an ethically reasonable judgment… that human goodness slowly built up through personal histories of moral effort has a value in the eyes of the Creator which justifies even the long travail of the soul-making process.

It furthers the University’s objective of excellence in research, scholarship, and education by publishing worldwide. He suggests the following as a possible morally sufficient reason:.

Free Will and Natural Evil At this point, someone might raise the following objection. And if God and his actions are not in time, can omnipotence or power of any sort be meaningfully ascribed to him?


References and Further Reading a. God omhipotence have created people who always freely choose the good. You do not currently have access to this article. In the immunization case, Mrs.

J. L. Mackie, Evil and omnipotence – PhilPapers

For example, he can perform miracles turn water into wine, mmackie walk on water. An encyclopedia of philosophy articles written by professional philosophers.

Good is not opposed to the kind of evil that exists. A world full of suffering, trials and temptations is more conducive to the process of soul-making than a world full of constant pleasure and the complete absence of pain. Granting Plantinga’s assumption that human beings are genuinely free creatures, the first thing to notice about W 2 is that you and I would not exist in such a world. One point of conflict concerns the possibility of human free will in heaven.

On the contrary, theists claim, it is an pmnipotence of his supremacy and uniqueness. Omnipotenc infant daughter against polio, you would no longer view Mrs.

Logical Problem of Evil

The existence of evil and suffering in our world seems to pose a serious challenge to belief in the existence of a perfect God. He had the better option of making beings who freely always act right.

People evl freely choose to do what is right only when their actions are not causally determined. How would my free will be compromised if tomorrow God completely eliminated cancer from the face of the Earth? Since the situation described by MSR2 is clearly possible, it appears that it successfully rebuts the logical problem of evil omnipoteence it pertains to natural evil.

He can create a world with free creatures or he can causally determine creatures to choose what is right and to avoid what is wrong every time; but he can’t do both. A crazed cult leader pushes eighty-five people to their deaths in Waco, Texas. Anderson Woods – – Journal of Philosophy 23 In fact, it appears that even the most hardened atheist must admit that MSR1 and MSR2 are possible reasons God might have for allowing moral and natural evil.


It is, therefore, difficult to see why Plantinga’s Free Will Defense should be found wanting if that defense is seen as a response to the logical problem of evil. Can God create a round square? It has not, however, been the only such response.

Related articles in Google Scholar. A pancreatic cancer patient suffers prolonged, excruciating pain and dies. People in this world always perform morally good actions, but they deserve no credit for doing so.

Have you read Plantinga? Other solutions to the problem include John Hick’s soul-making theodicy. Sign In Forgot password? Since this defense is evi, [that is, logically] possible, and its principle involves no real abandonment of our ordinary view of the opposition between good and evil, we can concede that the problem of evil does not, after all, show that the central doctrines of theism are logically inconsistent with one another.

Now let’s consider the philosophically more important world W 3. If, as theists must surely maintain, God does possess morally significant freedom, then perhaps this sort of freedom does not preclude an inability to choose what is wrong.