Guillaume de Machaut is the most important poet and composer of the to the Kyrie and Gloria, rather than on the Ordinary texts themselves. Kyrie. ex. Guillaume de Machaut, La messe de Nostre Dame: Ite, missa est. The Kyrie is built around the same cantus firmus as the Kyrie from the Faenza. Machaut’s Mass was certainly a landmark in musical history, but this Mass is far In the Kyrie, most melismas near a minute in length, drawing the duration of.

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Tempos change as appropriate to movement, though most tempos are of a moderate speed.

Messe de Nostre Dame (Guillaume de Machaut)

View all posts by f. It holds its own with all other available recordings. This, again, neutralises the timbre, where articulation as machwut by singing words may interfere somewhat with the harmonic palette. New Evidence for an Old Debate. Fallows addresses this point later in the same article: Machaut was likely born in in Rheims and is believed to have studied in Paris.

The music comes first and last — and is somehow interpreted for what it is: Email required Address never made public. Retrieved from ” https: This ranges from general remarks about poetics and other aesthetic concepts to details about the composition of particular pieces, questions about their fixing and transmission in writing and their realization in sound.

Machaut composed his Messe de Nostre Dame for the Cathedral at Reims where he served as a canon, a permanent member of the clergy.

Missa de Notre Dame (Machaut, Guillaume de)

It is possible that Machaut was familiar with the Tournai Massan even earlier polyphonic 14th-century mass setting in which each movement is believed to have been written independently by different composers. Thanks you for your comment and interest in my article on this fascinating work by Machaut.

Given the fact that the Messe de Notre Dame is also one of the longest extant works from the Middle Ages, there is real potential for a lack of cohesion in such an approach.

I prefer all male ensembles, singing one voice to a part, and this is not macuaut kind of group.


There is ample evidence that instruments other than the organ were not used in sacred music during the 14th century. The Gloria and Credo are repeatedly interrupted by little figures confined to the two lower voices when the upper voices rest ex. He had a small home attached to the cathedral and from there devoted himself to writing music and poetry. Polyphonic settings of sections of the Ordinary of the Mass are found in an eleventh-century manuscript known as the Winchester Troperbut these focus on tropes added to the Kyrie and Gloriarather than on the Ordinary texts themselves.

Of macjaut interest is the use of lengthy melismas in the throughout the mass, particularly in the Kyrie. Original Macjaut of Machaut’s Mass. According to a rubric found at the Cathedral, it would have likely been performed for the Saturday Lady Mass.

In the early fourteenth century, settings of Ordinary sections themselves begin to appear. And if you have access to a good library you can find these additional articles — however, there are scores of others documenting the same fact:.

Kyrie from the Messe de Notre Dame ? Compositions by Guillaume de Machaut Medieval music Masses music.

Machaut’s Messe de Nostre Dame : an overview – Musica Kaleidoskopea

Nevertheless there is fairly conclusive evidence-particularly in the work of Edmund H. Thank you for replying. The modern setting of the Mass would be much more spaced, using an upper voice in addition, however the cause of this could be the patriarchal nature of Medieval society, thus removing a soprano part, and the low quality of boy singers, eliminating the treble part.

Perhaps because two or lyrie generations ago it sounded so splendid, new — exotic, almost.

Guillaume de Machaut – Messe de Nostres Dame

So it is that Dominique Vellard and the singers of the Ensemble Gilles Binchois make serenity, sweetness almost — and lyricism — amongst the abiding characteristics of which you are aware as you listen to their interpretation. DURATION There is thankfully more to be spoken about in this facet than of dynamics and expressive techniques, there definitely seems to be more emphasis on tempo, rhythm and meter than on other elements in the Ars Nova notation system, this being an in-built mechanism of the system, moving from simpler, more rigid rhythmic modes of the 13th century, to more complex machsut of rhythmic layering that work with polyphony.


You are commenting using your WordPress. Yet as much as an object of beauty and wonder as a rather austere — No, restrained — service. Tempos are slow in an attempt to convey spitiuality, I suppose. There have been dozens for recordings of the complete Mass and even more incomplete recordings, but most are out of print today. As much gentle and yet lavish breath as unselfconscious poise.

Such practice is historically jyrie to this mass, but understood from what historic sources there are to be different in the essentials. Machaut added a contratenor voice that moved in the same low range as the tenorsometimes replacing it as the lowest voice. This form of Mass setting, of polyphony versus unison or organum had come to rise only in 14th century, though its development has its roots in gregorian chant and organum.

Guillaume de Machaut c. These pieces borrow from other styles, especially the motetthe nascent polyphonic secular song, and the conductus kytie, a genre otherwise fading from the scene. List of compositions by Guillaume de Machaut.

Three soloists repeat music with some ornamentation. The Galpin Society Journal Vol. By Guillaume de Machaut, midi instrumental version. For the most part, these early Mass movements appear to have been written independently, and they survive in the manuscripts organized by text: Widely regarded as one of the masterpieces of medieval music and of all religious music, it is historically notable as the earliest complete setting of the Ordinary of the Mass attributable to a single composer in contrast to earlier compilations such as the Tournai Mass.

Machaut’s unification of these items into an artistic whole is the earliest instance of an Ordinary of the Mass setting that is stylistically coherent and was also conceived as a unit.

Singers would draw on these small collections to compile the music needed for a specific service.