: Mahanirvana Tantra: Sanskrit Text with Romanize, Commentary, English Translation, Notes and Index, Vols. I and II: Contents: Vol. I: Preface. DOWNLOAD (ENGLISH-SANSKRIT): DROPBOX SKYDRIVE BOX Rather interesting Tantra. The following are the Verses and remarks by Arthur Avalon I liked. Mahanirvana Tantra (Text in Sanskrit) – EBC Webstore.
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The Tantras are texts that deal with an assortment of ritual methods used to control and manipulate the cosmic powers, belonging to the literature of the Saktas. The Tantras deal with a wide variety of subject matter such as yoga practice, dharma behavior, the prescribed stages of life, the realms of heaven and hell, and importantly, worship ritual. The Mahanirvana Tantra was composed in the 18 th century and is the most well-known Tantra in the west Payne It is regarded as the revelation of Siva, the destroyer of the world and god of the Yogisto his wife, Parvati, at the summit of Mount Kailasa.
It was on Mount Kailasa that Parvati found her husband, Siva, described sitting silently on the mountain surrounded by a beautiful landscape.
The text begins with Parvati asking Siva a question relating to the liberation of beings. Siva begins the first four chapters by relating the importance of worshiping Brahman, the ultimate reality.
Siva explains when good is done to the universe, He will be pleased, as He is the soul of the universe and it depends on Him Avalon 3. Siva tells her that by worship of Brahman, there will be no need for any other religious observances Avalon 4.
Pleased by what Siva has bestowed on her, Sansmrit asks another question concerning worship of Supreme Prakrti in union with Supreme Brahman. This delights Siva and he mahainrvana unto Parvati how everything in the universe owes its origins and manifestations to the Fantra Prakrti and Supreme Brahman in motion with each other Avalon 5. He relates the Supreme Prakrti to the Deva herself, informing her that she is everything in all forms and manifestations, and everything is her.
Siva explains that success is solely achieved by Kaulika worship, the most supreme atntra, and the merit achieved by honoring a Kaulika, is enough to protect one from all the eanskrit the Kali Age has to offer Avalon 5. In the fifth chapter of the Mahanirvana TantraSiva speaks to his wife of the formation of mantras, composed of single mahamirvana, syllables, a word, or an entire phrase to make a sacred sound Feuerstein and the preparatory acts to be done each day.
Siva explains to Parvati that there are countless mantras for worship, presented in the various Tantras but he only states twelve of them, because these twelve are for the pleasure and benefit of all humanity Avalon 6.
After presenting the twelve mantras to Parvati, he moves on to explain worship of Sakti by the five elements, wine, meat, fish, grain, and union of man and woman to attain the maahanirvana of vira Bhattacharyya After which he describes placing of the jar, which is called a kalasa, because Visva-karma, son of Brahma, composed it from various mahanirvaa of each of the Devatas Avalon 6.
He explains the measurements in fingers, and that it is to be made of gold, silver, copper, metal, mud, stone or glass free from any imperfections and on the left side a hexagon enclosed by a circle, enclosed by a square. In detail Siva speaks tatnra the proper worshipping and mantras to be recited important in all power of creation, preservation and destruction of the universe. Tantraa sixth chapter of the text Parvati tantrs Siva about the Pancha-tattvas and the appropriate worship of the Deva.
The Pancha-tattvasor five elements, are given in sacrifice to propitiate the Deva Avalon 7. Siva declares that there are three kinds of wine, made from molasses, rice, or the juices and flowers of plants, that are tanrra tattva and no matter how it has been made, is equal in the worship of the Deva.
The second tattva is meat from three kinds of animals, those of the earth, sky and water. Siva explains that to please the Deva it does not matter where or by whom the animal was killed, so long as the animal being decapitated is male and not female Avalon 7.
The third tattva is three kinds of fish, ranked in superiority and quality due to their bones. Fish with the most amount of bones, considered atntra, must be well fried before being offered to the Devi.
Parched food is the fourth tattva and contains three categories. Superior food is white rice, barley and wheat all fried in butter, the middle being a fried paddy, and the most inferior food consists of any fried grain that is not contained in the superior category Avalon 7.
Thus, making sexual union between man and women the fifth and final Pancha-tattva. Before revealing the mantras to Parvati, Siva warns her that man who offers these sacrifices to the Devas without proper purification will not please the gods and one will go to hell for it Avalon 7.
The seventh chapter of the Mahanirvana Tantra Siva addresses the Goddess Kali as the supreme yogini, for at the end of time she devours Siva, the devourer of time himself Feuerstein By worshiping Kali and repeating her Mahanirvaa Names, one will enjoy a happy life and becomes suffused with the presence of the Devi Avalon 8. Only when one is in the presence of the Goddess, does he reach the tanhra of women, attain his desires, conquer his enemies, master his caste and enjoy good fortune.
Parvati asks Siva in the eighth chapter to hear of the castes, the prescribed stages in life, and the mode they should be observed in, having just heard the different dharmas and union with the Supreme. Siva tells her in the Kali age, there are five castes, Brahmana, Kshatriya, Vaishya, Shudra and Samanya Avalon 9 and each of these castes has two stages of life. He begins first by describing the householder stage, with devotion to Brahman.
Siva after explains the exclusive mantras to be performed only by the twice-born, and the other mantras to be used for the lower castes. Siva relates to Parvati the duties of the king, that he is to watch his subjects and protect his people and describes the manner in which he should present himself. The king saskrit to be the courage of his warriors, highly knowledgeable, discriminatory, and honorable, but never arrogant, when awarding both reward tantraa punishment Avalon 8.
Agriculture and trade, are only appropriate for the vaishya class and all acts of negligence, laziness, untruthfulness and deceit should be avoided. Finally, servants should be clean, skillful, alert and careful, they should treat their master with the uttermost respect as the servant should be aspiring for happiness in this world and their next incarnation.
In the ninth chapter of the Mahanirvana Tantra Siva explains the ten kinds of Purificatory Rites, or sangskaras to Parvati. He tells her that each caste has their own specific rites that need to be performed to purify the body.
Following the introduction of the events for the ceremonies, Siva tantrq all the sangskara mantras to Parvati. After listening to the mantras, she mahanirvnaa about the rites dealing with funerals, Vriddhi Shraddha and Purnabhisheka, thus beginning the tenth chapter of the Mahanirvana Tantra. Siva informs Parvati of the importance of offering Pinda, a cooked ball of flour, butter and seeds, along with repeating the mantras to please the ancestors.
The Vriddhi Shraddha is the ritual performed during special occasions to get the blessings of the ancestors, and the Purnabhisheka is the rite of initiation Avalon Siva presents the funeral rites and mantras to Parvati, explaining the period of uncleanliness dependent on the caste system.
Brahmanas are unclean for ten days, Kshatriyas twelve days, Vaishyas a fortnight, Shudras and Samanyas are mahanirvaa for an entire month Avalon In chapter eleven Siva introduces the expiatory rites, and explains to Parvati the types of sins and their accompanying punishments.
Siva tells her that there are two types of sin, both which lead to pain, sorrow and disease. Siva informs Parvati that men who sin and who are not purified by the form of punishment or expiation will be samskrit to hell, and will not be incarnated into the next world Avalon In this chapter of the Mahanirvana Tantra Siva recites no mantras to Parvati, alternately he explains each sinful act one could perform and the accompanying punishment for each mayanirvana.
Siva tells her of txntra rules in agriculture, mercantile transactions and other monetary dealings so that tantga may be deemed Dharmmic Avalon In the final two chapters of the Mahanirvana Tantra Siva reveals the installation and worship of the Devata and Shiva-linga.
Siva tells Parvati that all beings have qualities of the goddess Kali, and to worship Kali one must form images in adherence to her. Sanskriit says that there are two types of men, those who act with a view to the fruits of action, and those who act without a view to the fruits of action and the latter will attain final liberation Avalon He recites the mantras of this chapter mahanirvsna Parvati, dealing with the worship and meditation of Vastu and Dhyana.
Siva concludes the thirteenth chapter by telling Parvati that by worshipping the gods with immense devotion and act, without a view of reward, will be released from rebirth Avalon In the final chapter, Parvati asks Siva to tell her of the distinct features of the four classes of Avadhutas.
There are two kinds of Shaivavadhutas and Brahmavadhutaseither purna or apruna, meaning perfect and imperfect, respectively.
The first three classes practice yoga, have enjoyment, and are liberated. The fourth chaste is known as the hangsa, and does not touch metal nor women Avalon The Mahanirvana Tantra is described as noble work, probably produced in the latter half of the eighteenth century in Bengal, and belongs to the left hand school Mahaniirvana Until mahanirvanx twentieth century, the Tantras had not been seriously studied or translated in the west, and there was little access to the mahanirgana materials in them.
The Mahanirvana Tantra was translated to English by Arthur Avalon inand has since gained much more recognition in western cultures. The Mahanirvana Tantra is known as the Great Tantra because it contains all the Dharmmas, while the others deal with one subject tatra. The Lord Siva tells Parvati in the conclusion of the Tantra that man who knows the book, knows also the three worlds of past, present and future, and by worship of the Tantra will be liberated Avalon Feuerstein, Georg Tantra: The Path of Ecstasy.
An Introductory and Comparative Study.
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Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Woodroffe, John Introduction to Tantra Sastra. This article was written by: Emily Sim Springwho is entirely responsible for this content. Avalon, Arthur Shakti and Shakta. Impurity, Kingship, and Sacrifice in Assamese Tantra. Scholarly Resources for the Study of Hinduism.