Care and support needs should be tailored to suit each individual. . WAYS OF APPLYING ACTIVE PARTICIPATION TO MEET INDIVIDUALS NEEDS. . Having completed the risk assessment process it will help all concerned to think about. Purpose and outcomes of the assessment process Work with an individual and others to find out the individual's history, preferences, wishes and needs Describe different ways of applying active participation to meet individual needs. Explain what is meant by the term “active participation”. EVIDENCE Short . ASSIGNMENT: HSC Support Individuals to meet personal care needs YOUR NAME Understand the role of risk assessment in enabling a person centred.
Just because a group of people have the same condition, this does not mean they need the same care, as everyone is different.
Analyse Factors That Influence the Capacity of an Individual to Express Consent - StudyMoose
Humans are holistic beings and need to be treated with respect, dignity and supported to be as independent as possible to care for themselves in the best possible way. Tailor making the care to benefit the individual working with them to help support them physically, emotionally, socially and cognitively.
If an individual cannot wash, dress or cook without support their self-worth will drop and prevent them from leading a life with value and meaning. Emotionally, offering them a listening ear, empathy and understanding gives them a feeling of self-worth and that someone cares, building a relationship and trust, which is essential in challenging situations and for working together.
The person does not feel trapped. Teaching them about any dangers and signposting them to get the support they need will build their confidence.
Cognitively helping someone find an activity they enjoy which will keep their mind active such as crosswords or reading. People tend to be quiet when they are around people they do not know.EVO 2014 - Approaches to Needs Analysis
People are also usually unable to recall things on cue, such as what they like or want, unless it is an instinct. If a male is sent in to aid a woman who has a fear of men due to a history of domestic violence, then trust will be broken and hard to rebuild.
This is not in their best interest, it is in the best interest of the person pressurising them. Remember you are working to support the client and not their family.
As people are different although their plans may be similar, what needs to be achieved will be different, for example: Bathing someone daily may be an obvious action, but each person will have a different objective to achieve the outcome: These needs and preferences include: There are different ways to establish consent: The person must have full information of: If a person has said yes to blood tests, they can decide at any point that they do not want that to continue and the action must be safely stopped immediately.
If consent has been refused for any reason, then it should be written down in records and reported to your supervisor.
This is done to protect staff from legal action as well as the rights of the client. Enabling every person to take part in everyday activities and relationships, no matter their ability. Not excluding them because you feel it would not be suitable for them or you feel they cannot take part, that it may take up too much of your time or it would be a hindrance to your working day.
Explain to people who are reluctant to allow active participation the benefits of doing so.
For people that understand the importance of active participation, it might be useful to get them to explain the benefits, especially if they are close to the person who needs encouragement. Explain the benefits to people and provide evidence if possible where a person has made an achievement no matter how big or small. For example saying to a family that last week Alice made a cup of tea for herself.
I only had to pour the hot water, and Alice did the rest for herself, so she needed less supervision. We can now put something in place for Alice so she can pour hot water sadly, so she has made that step closer to independence and caring for herself.
An advocate can be arranged if necessary. Care plans are the primary source of service user information, they detail what is required for day to day care.
Preferences for care and support are also detailed here.
Assessment Criteria Questions Essay
Changing needs and preferences can relate to: Just like our own needs and desires change, so will those of the people we support. It is important to recognise as needs change, how support is provided will also need to be reviewed regularly to see if any changes or adjustments are required.
You have a responsibility to listen to service users, to hear what they say, to record any information about changes and report it to your senior if it is likely to have an impact on the level or type of care and support that is provided.
Availability, or lack of options. It is important to adapt ways in with you work to overcome barriers e. Consent should always be obtained before carrying out any kind of activity. An overall agreement to the provision of care and support cannot be taken as a blanket consent to all activities. There are different types of consent: Informed consent Informed consent means that the person has full information about: All risks should be explained so that the person is in a position to make a judgment as to whether or not they wish to go ahead.
Implied consent Implied consent is when for example you go to help someone from a chair and the person raises themselves up as you approach. For this type of non-invasive procedures implied consent is perfectly acceptable as it would be very complicated if consent to these types of activities had to be recorded on every occasion. Written consent Written consent is most likely to be used in a clinical setting where there will be a form for written consent.
This requires patients or their relatives in the case of emergency, to sign to say that they are willing for the named clinical procedure to be undertaken. Verbal consent Verbal consent is normally understood to exist when a person requests that a procedure be undertaken e. If you are asked to obtain consent for an activity you must always ensure that you: If consent cannot be obtained you must not proceed with any care or clinical activity.
If someone refuses their agreement or changes their mind, you must stop whatever you are doing. You may repeat the information again just to be sure any questions or concerns have been addressed but never try to persuade or pressure someone. Any refusal must be reported immediately to your supervisor, and recorded in the appropriate place. But this would reinforce that they are no longer able to do it themselves. Time spent supporting them to walk to the lunch serving area using a walking aid and choosing their lunch and you carrying it back to the table if necessary is better leaving as it leaves people feeling less dependent and gives people self-esteem.
Sometimes you may need to spend time guiding and encouraging people in order for them to achieve something. Ways of implementing active participation include: Providing useful information and choice. Being part of a community is particularly important for individuals who live on their own. It means they have relationships and make friendships with other people giving them a more fulfilling life. Any changes that are made as a result of this challenge must be safe for you, the individual and anyone else involved.
It is essential that you understand the mental capacity act and how to work within its requirements every day with every individual. One of the key roles of a support worker is to provide information to service users about some choices they may have to make, this information could include: Informed choice requires full information.
UNIT 7 person centered | Leigh McCutcheon - posavski-obzor.info
The same principal applies to any choices that people may have to make about: All of us have the right to make informed choices about all aspects of our lives. Similar for self-image, if a person is not supported or is somehow not allowed to dress, style their hair etc. Or if they are not supported properly to look presentable in a way they feel good or if they are left looking dirty or untidy-this will affect how they feel and how others react to them, therefore impacting on their self-esteem.
All of these factors contribute to overall wellbeing in how they can express themselves, feel about themselves, are perceived by others and will effect if they feel happy and good about themselves on a day to day basis. Factors that contribute to the wellbeing of an individual may include: Spiritual-factors that enrich lives and touch people and are uplifting on a deep level such as religion, music and art. Emotional-factors such as close bonds with family and friends, happy memories, having photos etc.
Religious-factors such as attending church or mosque or visits from their local religious leaders, being able to celebrate religious celebrations, or having a quiet place to pray etc. Social- factors such as opportunities to be with others. Political- factors such as being involved and having a say in what is happening or should happen in their environment. Ways to contribute to an environment that promotes wellbeing may include: Heating and lighting- warm and comfortable.
Privacy- ensure privacy is respected. Quiet places- availability of a quiet place if required. Decorated with service user choice- ensure service users have been involved in choosing how things are decorated. Familiar things- familiar things around them e. Place to keep personal belongings safe- a safe place to keep personal belongings e. Safe- ensure that the service user feels safe and secure in their environment.
Risk assessments can enable individuals in ways that could be deemed as too risky i. Having completed the risk assessment process it will help all concerned to think about potential hazards of the situation of the activity and the means of minimising the risks to the individual and others. Taking risks is part of being able to choose and being in control of your life, it is important that concerns about risks do not get in the way of people living their lives in the way they want to. Many times a risk assessment can make it possible for someone to do something that seemed unlikely in the beginning.
Putting individuals at the centre of all your work is about never forgetting it is their life, hopes, dreams and plans that should remain the focus, and it is your job to make sure that they are able to make the most of their lives and achieve as much as they can. Each individual has a risk assessment as part of their care and support plan. The risk assessment contains information about the individual and the type of care and support they need. It will also tell you how to do some tasks where these tasks have been risk assessed and the best option has been established.