Who was Judas Iscariot?
Despite his massive impact on Christianity and its surrounding cultures, little is known about the life of Judas Iscariot before he began following Jesus. Just as. In fact, Judas was empowered to do what he did by the devil himself: “As soon as Judas took the bread [that Jesus had given him], Satan entered into him” (John. Jesus answered them, “Did I Myself not choose you, the twelve, and yet one of you is a devil?” Now He meant Judas the son of Simon Iscariot, for he, one of the .
For his lack of understanding he stood reproved. Eight days later the Lord visited the apostles again, when, as on the earlier occasion, they were within closed doors; and to Thomas the Lord said: Doubtless Simon had learned moderation and toleration from the teachings of Christ; otherwise he would scarcely have been suited to the apostolic ministry.
His zealous earnestness, properly directed, may have developed into a most serviceable trait of character. This apostle is nowhere in the scriptures named apart from his colleagues. Judas Iscariot is the only Judean named among the Twelve; all the others were Galileans. He is generally understood to have been a resident of Kerioth, a small town in the southerly part of Judea, but a few miles west from the Dead Sea, though for this tradition, as also for the signification of his surname, we lack direct authority.
His avaricious and complaining nature revealed itself in his murmuring against what he called a waste of costly spikenard, in the anointing of the Lord by Mary but a few days before the crucifixion; he hypocritically suggested that the precious ointment could have been sold and the proceeds given to the poor.
He brought his guilty life to a close by a revolting suicide and his spirit went to the awful fate reserved for the sons of perdition. It is evident by the later remarks of many of them, and by the instructions and rebuke they called forth from the Master, that the common Jewish expectation of a Messiah who would reign in splendor as an earthly sovereign after He had subdued all other nations, had a place even in the hearts of these chosen ones.
The Master chose them; they did not choose themselves; by Him they were ordained, a and they could in consequence rely the more implicitly upon His guidance and support.
To them much was given; much of them was required. He recognized in each the characteristics of fitness developed in the primeval world of spirits. The Holy Apostleship is an office and calling belonging to the Higher or Melchizedek Priesthood, at once exalted and specific, comprizing as a distinguishing function that of personal and special witness to the divinity of Jesus Christ as the one and only Redeemer and Savior of mankind.
BBC - The Passion - Articles - Judas
In this sense Paul afterward applied the title to Christ as one specially sent and commissioned of the Father. Christ would come out of it well enough, and he have his thirty pieces. Luke seems to suggest that Judas' actions may have been entirely the result of this possession; that he was, in effect, carrying out Satan's wishes: Then Satan entered into Judas called Iscariot, who was one of the twelve; he went away and conferred with the chief priests and officers of the temple police about how he might betray him to them.
For Jesus knew from the first who were the ones that did not believe, and who was the one that would betray him. Yet one of you is a devil. Now before the festival of the Passover, Jesus knew that his hour had come to depart from this world and go to the Father. Having loved his own who were in the world, he loved them to the end. The devil had already put it into the heart of Judas son of Simon Iscariot to betray him.
After saying this Jesus was troubled in spirit, and declared, 'Very truly, I tell you, one of you will betray me.
One of his disciples-the one whom Jesus loved-was reclining next to him; Simon Peter therefore motioned to him to ask Jesus of whom he was speaking. So while reclining next to Jesus, he asked him, 'Lord, who is it? After he received the piece of bread, Satan entered into him.
What Did Judas Iscariot Do Before Following Jesus?
It would have been better for that one not to have been born. I am not speaking of all of you; I know whom I have chosen. But it is to fulfil the scripture, 'The one who ate my bread has lifted his heel against me. Even my bosom friend in whom I trusted, who ate of my bread, has lifted the heel against me.
While I was with them, I protected them in your name that you have given me. I guarded them, and not one of them was lost except the one destined to be lost, so that the scripture might be fulfilled. This doesn't provide a motive for Judas' action, and although some say that it explains why Judas had to do what he did, others argue that Judas, like all human beings, had free will, and could have chosen not to do it.
Judas' betrayal was a necessary part of God's salvation plan Another theory says that if Judas had not betrayed Jesus the Crucifixion would not have taken place, there would have been no Resurrection and the founding events of Christianity would not have occurred. Nor does it serve as a motive for Judas unless he was aware of what needed to happen to Jesus for the plan of salvation to be fulfilled, and there is no clear statement of this in the gospels.
Judas had a political motive Some writers argue that Judas had a strong political motive, and had seen Jesus as the Messiah who would liberate the Jews from being ruled by the Romans. But although Jesus had had several opportunities to lead a populist direct action movement, he had not taken them up.
It's possible that Judas intended to force Jesus' hand by revealing him to the authorities so that Jesus would have to declare himself to be the political leader of the Jews and use the popular support demonstrated during his triumphal entry into Jerusalem as the basis of an earthly liberation movement. There is no scriptural evidence for this.
Judas was disillusioned and angry An alternative view is that Judas was so disappointed that Jesus had not declared himself the Messiah and taken action to lead the Jews, that he decided to betray him as an act of revenge for what he saw as Jesus' political betrayal of his more Nationalist followers.
This theory is not directly supported in the gospels. John Dart sets this theory out clearly: Therefore, she argued, "People interpret, and cheat. The answer is not to fix the Bible but to fix ourselves. Islamic view of Jesus' death According to medieval copies the earliest copies from the 15th century of the Gospel of Barnabas it was Judas, not Jesus, who was crucified on the cross.
This work states that Judas's appearance was transformed to that of Jesus', when the former, out of betrayal, led the Roman soldiers to arrest Jesus who by then was ascended to the heavens. This transformation of appearance was so identical that the masses, followers of Christ, and even the Mother of Jesus, Mary, initially thought that the one arrested and crucified was Jesus himself.
The gospel then mentions that after three days since burial, Judas' body was stolen from his grave, and then the rumors spread of Jesus being risen from the dead. When Jesus was informed in the third heaven about what happened, he prayed to God to be sent back to the earth, and descended and gathered his mother, disciples, and followers, and told them the truth of what happened. He then ascended back to the heavens, and will come back at the end of times as a just king.
This Gospel is considered by the majority of Christians to be late and pseudepigraphical; however, some academics suggest that it may contain some remnants of an earlier apocryphal work perhaps Gnostic, Ebionite or Diatessaronicredacted to bring it more in line with Islamic doctrine. Some Muslims consider the surviving versions as transmitting a suppressed apostolic original. Some Islamic organizations cite it in support of the Islamic view of Jesus.
Representations and symbolism[ edit ] A red-haired Judas betrays Jesus with a kiss in a Spanish paso figure.
What Did Judas Iscariot Do Before Following Jesus? | Synonym
The term Judas has entered many languages as a synonym for betrayer, and Judas has become the archetype of the traitor in Western art and literature. Judas is given some role in virtually all literature telling the Passion story, and appears in numerous modern novels and movies.
In the Eastern Orthodox hymns of Holy Wednesday the Wednesday before PaschaJudas is contrasted with the woman who anointed Jesus with expensive perfume and washed his feet with her tears.
According to the Gospel of JohnJudas protested at this apparent extravagance, suggesting that the money spent on it should have been given to the poor. After this, Judas went to the chief priests and offered to betray Jesus for money. The hymns of Holy Wednesday contrast these two figures, encouraging believers to avoid the example of the fallen disciple and instead to imitate Mary's example of repentance.Jesus Chose Judas - Did He Get Saved?
Also, Wednesday is observed as a day of fasting from meat, dairy products, and olive oil throughout the year in memory of the betrayal of Judas. The prayers of preparation for receiving the Eucharist also make mention of Judas's betrayal: In paintings depicting the Last Supper, Judas is occasionally depicted with a dark-colored halo contrasting with the lighter halos of the other apostles to signify his former status as an apostle.
More commonly, however, he is the only one at the table without one. In some church stained glass windows he is also depicted with a dark halo such as in one of the windows of the Church of St John the Baptist, Yeovil. Judas hangs himself Judas is the subject of one of the oldest surviving English ballads, which dates from the 13th century.
In the balladthe blame for the betrayal of Christ is placed on his sister. He is one of three sinners deemed evil enough to be doomed to an eternity of being chewed in the mouths of the triple-headed Satan the others being Brutus and Cassiusthe assassins of Julius Caesar. After authorizing the crucifixion, Pilate suffers an agony of regret and turns his anger on Judas, ordering him assassinated.
The story within a story appears as a counter-revolutionary novel in the context of Moscow in the s—s. It was included in Borges' anthology, Ficcionespublished inand revolves around the main character's doubts about the canonical story of Judas who instead creates three alternative versions. The episode's main character, played by Berry Kroegerrecites the fate of Judas from Matthew