Russian Verb Aspects - Russian Grammar
English translation: to meet; to encounter, come across; to receive, greet, Russian verb pair встречать-встретить conjugated into all of the tenses and aspects. I used to try and learn it as a many to one mapping, 2 russian verbs to an english verb. This involves writing all 3 words as a single list item. As you might already know, the Russian language has only three basic Here are some examples of verb pairs (imperfective/perfective).
The first speaker could be Misha's father, wondering why his mother was so upset when he arrived home from work. Forming aspectual pairs[ edit ] So, verbs in Russian have two words: Can we predict the form of one aspect if we know the other? Does every verb even have a pair of aspects? For such verbs, the aspectual pair will often be given in dictionaries as a prefix indicated in parentheses: Such pairs of aspects are easy to learn, as the perfective also conjugates the same as the imperfective, only with a prefix.
However, one has to be careful with prefixes. While the perfective can be formed by a prefix, other prefixes can be applied to an imperfective to make a whole new verbal pair.
So we have three pairs derived using prefixes: In other words, the easiest way to remember aspectual pairs is to learn the imperfective and learn the 'perfective prefix'. Other ways to predict aspect[ edit ] Is there any other way to predict whether a new word is perfective or imperfective?
The first is the standard imperfective, and means simply 'to read'. However, its more specific meaning is, 'to read for some period of time' or 'to read for a while'.
Aspects of the verb
Fortunately, these are rare, and only really occur in verbs of motion. Some verbs have unpredictable pairs of aspects, such as: Why must I endure this? Perfective verbs carry the meaning of complete action, while imperfective verbs carry the meaning of a process or state. When choosing a verb to utter, it is important to choose a verb of the proper aspect. Beyond the semantic difference, there is a formal difference that you will see when studying verb conjugation and tense formation.
Namely, while perfective and imperfective verbs can appear in the past or in the future, only imperfective verbs can appear in the present tense. What happens if you try to make a present-tense form of a perfective verb?
You get a perfective verb with future meaning. He swam far out to sea. We swam as far as the big rock. He swam up to me.
Everything swam before his eyes. The ship sailed into the harbour. The ship sails at three o'clock. He has sailed round the world. In rush hour traffic is reduced to a crawl. Snakes and some insects crawl. I had to crawl round to pick up the pins. The baby was crawling on the floor.
The train was crawling along. A caterpillar crawled along the path. An ant crawled into my boot. Verbs of Motion Meaning 'To Carry' The other types of verbs of motion are the words that imply the meaning 'to carry'.
These words can translate to 'to transport', 'to lead' etc. The main difference is that these words are used in conjunction with an item that is being carried. Lets have a look at these words: View Conjugations Here are some examples: Generally this word corresponds 'to transport'.
Or 'to take' by some means of vehicle. Our products are transported by rail from the factory to Moscow. The ship could carry 70 passengers. This motocycle has carried me five thousand miles. It's used in sentences like "The driver carried our bags to the taxi". I usually carry my money in a wallet. I'm very tired after carrying the child around for half the day. When I was carrying the shopping home I lost my wallet. You carry the case now. He carried a big parcel in his hands. This verb also means to 'to wear'.
Although it is not really a verb of motion in this case.
Verbs of Motion - Russian Language Lesson 16
I never wear a tie. I haven't worn this hat for ages. For example "The dog leads the blind man to the shop".LEARN RUSSIAN LANGUAGE GRAMMAR, Perfective, Imperfective Verb Aspect: What Did I Take? BASIC RUSSIAN
It also means 'to drive a car'. The verb has a number of other uses, where it is not considered to be a verb of motion. He led us round the museum. Ask somebody to lead you through the forest. The teacher led the naughty pupils to the head master. She led the child by the hand. He was leading his horse. A chance led him to Moscow. My brother accompanied me backstage to meet the actors.
My father drives a taxi. Let me drive your car for a while. His mate was driving the train when a car drove on the rails. I drove my first bus when I was twenty. Examples with Prefixed Verbs of Motion To conclude the lesson here are some examples of prefixed verbs of motion.
Remember that these verbs already have a sense of direction so don't behave like the true verbs of motion above. Yes, we know there are lots of examples! It's time to start learning words in context. Again, don't worry if you find these examples too advanced. I went in by the back door. The piano's too big — it doesn't go in the doorway. She went into the kitchen and saw that the dinner was ready.
Does everything go into the trunk? He entered the room and switched on the light. They entered the thick forest close together. The troops entered the town yesterday evening. In case of danger our unit goes in first.
The boat entered an area of shallow marshes. He went out of the room. He went out for a walk with friends. This dress has gone out of fashion already. Can I leave the table?