Tombstone History - The Earps and "Doc" Holliday
On this day, Doc Holliday–gunslinger, gambler, and occasional Holliday was famously friendly with Wyatt Earp, who believed that Holliday. The final meeting between Wyatt Earp and Doc Holliday took place in the lobby of Denver's Windsor Hotel I have never seen a man exhibit more pleasure at meeting a mere friend than did Doc. “It will be a long time before we meet again. As for Wyatt Earp, Burns did not glorify him or apologize for him but and for reasons which will appear, I'd like to see Doc Holliday get his. . When they first meet, Doc asks Wyatt,“Do you believe in friendship, Wyatt Earp?.
In March  or in early Nicholas Earp joined about other people in a plan to relocate to San Bernardino County, California, where he intended to buy farmland. Wyatt was only 13 years old, too young to enlist, but he tried on several occasions to run away and join the army.
Each time, his father found him and brought him home. Newton and Virgil fought several battles in the east and later followed the family to California. In springWyatt became a teamster transporting cargo for Chris Taylor. He learned gambling and boxing while working on the rail head in the Wyoming Territory and he developed a reputation officiating boxing matches  and refereed a fight between John Shanssey and Professor Mike Donovan  on July 4,in Cheyenne, Wyoming in front of 3, spectators.
Wyatt rejoined the family the next year. Nicholas resigned as constable on November 17, to become the justice of the peace, and Wyatt was appointed constable in his place. She was about to deliver their first child when she died from typhoid fever later that year.
In lateEarp courted 20 year-old Urilla Sutherland c. They were married by Earp's father on January 10,: Urilla was about to deliver their first child when she suddenly died from typhoid fever. He ran against his elder half-brother Newton for the office of constable and won by votes to Newton'sbut their father lost the election for justice of the peace in a very close four-way race.
On March 14,Barton County, Missouri filed a lawsuit against him and his sureties. He was in charge of collecting license fees for Lamar which funded local schools, and he was accused of failing to turn them in.
On March 31, James Cromwell filed a lawsuit against him alleging that he had falsified court documents concerning the amount of money that Earp had collected from Cromwell to satisfy a judgment.
On May 15, an indictment was issued against Earp, Kennedy, and Shown. John Shown's wife Anna claimed that Earp and Kennedy got her husband drunk and then threatened his life to persuade him to help.
On June 5, Kennedy was acquitted while the case remained against Earp and Shown. Earp did not wait for the trial but climbed out through the roof of his jail and headed for Peoria, Illinois. Lake took notes of a conversation with Earp years later in which Earp claimed that he had been hunting buffalo during the winter of — A prostitute named Sally Heckell was arrested with him, and she called herself his wife.
She was likely the 16 year-old daughter of Jane Haspell. They were men of poor character who were chronic lawbreakers, : In earlyEarp and Sally moved to the growing cow town of Wichita where his brother James ran a brothel.
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Roberts believes that he was more likely an enforcer or a bouncer for the brothel. The town would fill with drunken, armed cowboys celebrating the end of their long journey when the cattle drives arrived, and lawmen were kept busy. When the cattle drives ended and the cowboys left, Earp searched for something else to do. The Wichita City Eagle reported on October 29, that he had helped an off-duty police officer find thieves who had stolen a man's wagon.
He also dealt faro at the Long Branch Saloon. On last Wednesday December 8policeman Earp found a stranger lying near the bridge in a drunken stupor. He was taken next morning, before his honor, the police judge, paid his fine for his fun like a little man and went on his way rejoicing. The integrity of our police force has never been seriously questioned. Lake years later to omit it from his book Wyatt Earp: Earp was appointed assistant marshal in Dodge City under Marshal Lawrence Deger around Mayand he spent the winter of —77 in the gold rush boomtown of Deadwood in the Dakota Territory.
Instead of gambling, Wyatt made a deal to buy all the wood that a local individual had cut and put his horses to work that winter hauling firewood into camp. Earp to such an extent as to provide a slap from the ex-officer", according to the account. Earp was given a temporary commission as deputy U.Meet Doc Holliday - The posavski-obzor.info
Shanssey told Earp that Rudabaugh had passed through town earlier in the week, but he did not know where he was headed. Shanssey suggested that Earp ask gambler Doc Hollidaywho had played cards with Rudabaugh,  and Holliday told Earp that Rudabaugh had headed back into Kansas.
Frank Stilwell's body was found at dawn alongside the railroad tracks, riddled with buckshot and gunshot wounds. On March 21, they returned briefly to Tombstone, where they were joined by Texas Jack Vermillion and possibly others. They learned Spence was in jail  and that Cruz was cutting wood nearby.
They followed the direction Judah indicated and he soon heard a dozen or so shots. When Cruz did not return the next morning, Judah went looking for him, and found his body full of bullet holes.
With Wyatt and Holliday in the lead, the six lawmen surmounted a small rise overlooking the springs. They surprised eight cowboys camping near the springs. Wyatt Earp and Holliday left the only record of the fight.
Curly Bill recognized Wyatt Earp in the lead and immediately grabbed his shotgun and fired at Earp. The other Cowboys also drew their weapons and began firing. Earp dismounted, shotgun in hand. Lacking cover, Holliday, Johnson, and McMaster retreated. Vermillion tried to retrieve his rifle wedged in the scabbard under his fallen horse, exposing himself to the Cowboys' gunfire. Doc Holliday helped him gain cover.
Wyatt had trouble remounting his horse because his cartridge belt had slipped down around his legs. Another bullet struck his boot heel and his saddle horn was hit as well, burning the saddle hide and narrowly missing Wyatt. He was finally able to get on his horse and retreat. McMaster was grazed by a bullet that cut through the straps of his field glasses.
Wyatt and Holliday, who had been fast friends, had a serious disagreement and parted ways in Albuquerque. Jaffa, who was also president of New Albuquerque's Board of Trade. Jaffa was Jewish, and based on Otero's letter, Earp had, while staying in Jaffa's home, honored Jewish tradition by touching the mezuzah upon entering his home. According to Otero's letter, Jaffa told him, "Earp's woman was a Jewess. When Wyatt Earp learned of the charges, he feared his friend Holliday would not receive a fair trial in Arizona.
Earp asked his friend Bat Masterson, then chief of police of Trinidad, Coloradoto help get Holliday released. Masterson drew up bunco charges against Holliday. Cowen, capital reporter for the Denver Tribune, who held political sway in town. Cowen later wrote, "He submitted proof of the criminal design upon Holliday's life.
Late as the hour was, I called on Pitkin. Pitkin was persuaded by the evidence presented by Masterson and refused to honor Arizona's extradition request. Sadie Marcus described the skeletal Holliday as having a continuous cough and standing on "unsteady legs. He had a bullet hole in his right temple and a revolver was found hanging from a finger of his hand.
A coroner's inquest officially ruled his death a suicide ;  but according to the book I Married Wyatt Earpwhich author and collector Glen Boyer claimed to have assembled from manuscripts written by Earp's third wife, Josephine Marcus EarpEarp and Holliday traveled to Arizona with some friends in early July, found Ringo in the valley, and killed him. New York Times contributor Allen Barra wrote that the book "is now recognized by Earp researchers as a hoax".
Records of the District Court of Pueblo County, Colorado indicate that Holliday and his attorney appeared in court in Pueblo on July 11, and again on July 14 to answer charges of "larceny"; but a writ of capias was issued for him on the 11th, suggesting that he may not have been in court that day.
After a stay in Leadville, he suffered from the high altitude. He increasingly depended on alcohol and laudanum to ease the symptoms of tuberculosis, and his health and his skills as a gambler began to deteriorate. When Allen demanded he be repaid, Holliday could not comply.
He knew Allen was armed, and when Allen appeared ready to attack him, he shot him, wounding him in the arm. Holliday was arrested and put on trial. He claimed self-defense, noting that Allen outweighed him by 50 pounds and he feared for his life. A witness testified that Allen had been armed and in Hyman's earlier in the day apparently looking for Holliday. On March 28,the jury acquitted Holliday.
This monument replaced the former monument. Inprematurely gray and badly ailing, Holliday made his way to the Hotel Glenwood, near the hot springs of Glenwood Springs, Colorado. When she told him no, he looked at his bootless feet, amused. The nurses said that his last words were, "This is funny. Horony later said that she attended to him in his final days, and one contemporary source appears to back her claim.
This was based on correspondence written between Holliday and his cousin, Sister Mary Melanie, a Catholic nun. No baptismal record has been found in either St. Downey, and a Presbyterian minister, Rev. Randolph, in Glenwood Springs. When he died, Father Downey was out of town, and so Rev.
Randolph presided over the burial at 4pm on the same day that Holliday died. The services were reportedly attended by "many friends". Since Holliday died in November, the ground may have been frozen. Some modern authors such as Bob Boze Bell  speculate that it would have been impossible to transport him to the cemetery, which was only accessible by a difficult mountain road, or to dig a grave because the ground was frozen. Author Gary Roberts located evidence that other bodies were transported to the Linwood Cemetery at the same time of the month that year.
Contemporary newspaper reports explicitly state that Holliday was buried in the Linwood Cemetery, but the exact location of his grave is uncertain. He had a contemporary reputation as a skilled gunfighter which modern historians generally regard as accurate. Parsons wrote that Holliday confronted Johnny Ringo in Januarytelling him, "All I want of you is ten paces out in the street. During the Gunfight at the O.
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Corral, Holliday initially carried a shotgun and shot at and may have killed Tom McLaury. Holliday was grazed by a bullet fired by Frank McLaury, and shot back. Marshall Earp who guarded him on his way to the railroad in Tucson.
Wild West Reviews- Wyatt Earp–Doc Holliday friendship examined | HistoryNet
There they found Frank Stilwell apparently waiting for the Earps in the rail yard. A warrant for Holliday's arrest was issued after Stilwell was found dead with multiple gunshot wounds. Holliday was part of Earp's federal posse when they killed three other outlaw Cowboys during the Earp Vendetta Ride.
Holliday reported that he had been arrested 17 times, four attempts had been made to hang him, and that he survived ambush five times. In an article, Wyatt Earp said: I found him a loyal friend and good company. He was a dentist whom necessity had made a gambler; a gentleman whom disease had made a vagabond; a philosopher whom life had made a caustic wit; a long, lean blonde fellow nearly dead with consumption and at the same time the most skillful gambler and nerviest, speediest, deadliest man with a six-gun I ever knew.
He is reported to have said, "I coughed that up with my lungs, years ago. However, he showed great skill in gambling and gunfights.
As usual, he wanted to make more money than off-season lawing offered, but instead of returning to Deadwood, Dakota Territory, to deal faro, Wyatt wound up in Texas. That is where the trail of a gang of train robbers took him, men he had been hired to find.
In Octobera gang of thieves had robbed a Santa Fe Railroad construction camp. He earned the nickname naturally, by bathing infrequently and wearing clothes that even by frontier standards were quite filthy.
The October robbery had taken place in Kansas, and it was believed the thieves had escaped into Texas, so a deputy U. That job was given to Wyatt. This would be lonely, dangerous and exhausting work.
Certainly, Wyatt could have made more money at the gaming tables. It can only be conjectured that the challenge appealed to him. Day after day, for miles, he tracked Dirty Dave and his gang through Kansas and the Panhandle and deeper into Texas.
Along the way he was buffeted by the late-autumn winds, his face swept by sand and grit, traveling from one watering hole to the next, being told tales of the gang having passed through, some of them true.
A honeysuckle-bordered sign out front offered: Shanssey revealed that Rudabaugh had been in his establishment several days earlier but was gone, destination unknown. Doc Holliday invited Wyatt Earp to sit down. When Wyatt declined, Doc poured a shot of whiskey just for himself. Holliday, though only 26 years old, had a haggard face and a chronic cough. He dressed well, and his face showed some spark thanks to his deep-set blue eyes and neatly trimmed mustache.
This made sense enough to Wyatt that he headed over to the telegraph office and sent a message to the sheriff of Ford County that the gang of thieves might be back in the area.
Upon receiving the telegram, Bat Masterson, the top lawman in southeast Kansas, put together a posse. One indication of how generally unlikable Doc was could be summed up this way: Thirty years later, in a magazine essay about Doc Holliday, Bat began in an evenhanded way: However, that January, such judgments were ahead of him, plus Bat doubted that Wyatt could be hoodwinked with false information.
Thus, he acted on the belief that Dirty Dave and his gang were back in Kansas. The third week in January, having by then been duly sworn in, and braving the risk of blizzards, Sheriff Masterson set off with his posse for the territory between Dodge City and for the Texas Panhandle, which included the Cherokee Strip.
They picked up signs on the trail that made them think the Rudabaugh group was in the area. Nasty winter weather caused Bat and his deputies to seek shelter at a ranch owned by cattleman Henry Lovell. Bat had an idea: Bat suggested that they abandon the ranch but stay near it, at least for one night. They bedded down within sight of the compound, and the four men took turns as lookouts. Late the next afternoon, as the wan light was fading from the Western sky and Bat debated whether another night spent in the snow was merited, the lawmen saw four riders approach the ranch.
The sighs of relief of Dirty Dave and his desperadoes turned to groans as Bat, Morrow, Webb and Bassett appeared out of the driving snow with their hands full of shotguns and six-shooters. Bat ordered them to throw down their guns and throw up their hands.