Cry, The Beloved Country Study guide | Free Essays - posavski-obzor.info
Kumalo finally arrives at the Mission House, where Msimangu At Pimville, they meet the girl, who admits that Absalom went to Msimangu warns him that he can do nothing about the girl, but Kumalo says that the girl's child. Related Characters: Stephen Kumalo, Absalom Kumalo . After they are finished speaking, Msimangu brings Stephen to see Mrs. Lithebe, and they make plans to meet . Finally, Stephen asks his son why he chose to do these things. Our meeting is Wednesday night (November 18, ) at 7 p.m. in the Harnish building. How do the world of Johannesburg and the world of Ndotsheni differ? Jarvis finally sees the injustice of South African society, and Kumalo realizes the The white reformatory director is mad at Absalom's mistakes.
An engineer and fierce advocate for justice for black South Africans, he is shot dead in his home by Absalom Kumalo. When Kumalo reminds her of her Christian duties and obligations, she attempts to return to them, but she lacks real determination.
He brings comfort to Kumalo during his troubles. Lithebe The woman with whom Kumalo stays in Johannesburg. Margaret takes the death of her son very hard.
She also shares in his plans to help Ndotsheni. He provides companionship to James Jarvis in Johannesburg Mr. Napoleon Letsitsi The agricultural expert hired by James Jarvis to teach better farming techniques to the people of Ndotsheni.
Although grateful for the help of good white men, he nonetheless looks forward to an Africa in which black people will not rely on whites for their basic needs.
Eventually, however, Matthew denies having been present at the robbery, turning his back on his cousin and friend. Carmichael is a tall and serious man who carries himself with an almost royal bearing. Dubula The second in a trio of powerful black politicians in Johannesburg. Tomlinson The third colleague of Dubula and John Kumalo.
Cry The Beloved Country | Classics Reading Group
While not a great orator, Tomlinson is considered the smartest of the three. Chapter 1 In the hilly South African province of Natal, a lovely road winds its way up from the village of Ixopo to Carisbrooke, a journey of seven miles. This misty vantage point looks out over one of the fairest valleys of Africa, where the native birds sing and the grass is dense and green.
The lush grass of the hills clings to the rain and mist, soaking up the moisture, which in turn feeds every stream. Although cattle graze here, their feeding has not destroyed the land, and the few fires that burn have not harmed the soil. As the hills roll down to the valley below, however, they become red and bare.
The grass there has been destroyed by cattle and fire, and the streams have all run dry. When storms come, the red dirt runs like blood, and the crops are withered and puny. These valleys are the homes of the elderly, who scrape at the dirt for sustenance. Some mothers live here with their children, but all the able-bodied young people have long since moved away.
Chapter 2 The Reverend Stephen Kumalo, a native Zulu, sits in his house writing when a young girl appears with a letter. When he realizes that his words are wounding his wife, he calms down. They pool the St. Chapter 3 Kumalo waits for the Johannesburg train at Carisbrooke. Kumalo pays little attention to his surroundings. His gravest concern is his son. Kumalo says he will do what he can.
The train arrives in Johannesburg, where Kumalo moves gingerly through the crowds that swarm throughout the station. The young man leads Kumalo to the bus station where he tells Kumalo to wait in line for the buses while he buys him a ticket. Eager to show his trust, Kumalo gives the young man a pound from his precious savings.
He suspects that something is wrong as soon as the young man turns the corner. When it turns out that they are both headed for Sophiatown, the elderly man invites Kumalo to travel with him. Mafolo leaves as Kumalo, safe at last, enjoys a cigarette and reflects on the days to come.
Chapter 5 Msimangu informs Kumalo that he has found a room for him with Mrs. Lithebe, a local churchgoer. Kumalo uses a modern toilet for the first time—in his village, he had heard of these devices, but he had never used one. The two men dine with the other priests, a group that includes both blacks and whites, at the mission.
Kumalo speaks sadly and lovingly about his village, and about how both Ixopo and its neighboring villages are falling into ruin. One white rosy-cheeked priest wishes to hear more, but he excuses himself to attend to other affairs. The other priests, in turn, tell Kumalo that all is not well in Johannesburg—white people have become afraid because of a rise in crime. They show him a newspaper headline describing an attack on an elderly white couple.
Kumalo replies that his sister came to Johannesburg with her child to find her husband. Msimangu has heard nothing about Absalom but promises to ask about him. As the sorrowful Kumalo goes to pray, he asks about his brother, and Msimangu informs him that John Kumalo is now a great politician but has little use for the church.
He confides to Kumalo that he believes that white people have broken the tribal structure without leaving anything in its place. Msimangu explains that some white men are trying to rebuild the country for all people, but that they are not enough, and are held prisoner by the same fear that rules the rest of the country.
He says that Father Vincent, the rosy-cheeked priest at dinner, is the best person to ask about such things. Kumalo retires to his lodgings and marvels that only 48 hours ago he had been with his wife. Chapter 6 Msimangu accompanies Kumalo to the neighboring slums of Claremont, where Gertrude lives. It is a pity, Msimangu says, that the neighborhoods are not farther apart—the trams are filled with rival gangs of hooligans, and there is always trouble.
Despite their pretty names, the streets of Claremont are filthy, and Msimangu points out a woman who is a prominent liquor dealer and explains that many of the children in the streets are not at school because there is no room for them in the classes.
Gertrude keeps Kumalo waiting while her unseen companions hastily rearrange and prepare the room. Gertrude is sullen and fearful at first, and she tells Kumalo that she has not yet found her husband. Kumalo reproaches her for not writing and demands to see her child.
When it becomes clear that she does not know where the child is, he tells Gertrude that she has shamed them, and announces that he has come to take her back. She falls on the ground in hysterics, saying that she wants to leave Johannesburg but is not a good enough person to return home.
Softened by her remorse, Kumalo forgives her, and they pray together. Kumalo returns with a borrowed truck to collect Gertrude, and, in the evening, greatly encouraged by the success of this first mission, he feels as if the tribe is being rebuilt and the soul of his home restored Ch. Lithebe around the house while her son plays in the garden.
Msimangu arrives and brings Kumalo to the shop of his brother, John. Although John does not recognize Kumalo at first, he seems pleasantly surprised to see him. John tries to explain why he stopped writing home and then asks Kumalo if he may speak in English. In the village, John says, he was a nobody and had to obey the chief, whom he calls ignorant and a tool of the white man. In Johannesburg, he says, he is free from the chief, although he adds that the church serves a similar function in keeping black South Africans down.
Although the bishop condemns this economic discrepancy, he lives in a fancy house, which embitters John toward the church. He tells John he has found Gertrude and asks about Absalom. John says he does not know where either Absalom or his own son are, then remembers that they were working in a textile factory in Alexandra. Msimangu and Kumalo take their leave.
As they head to the textile factory, Msimangu explains to Kumalo that much of what John said is true, and that John is one of the three most important black men in Johannesburg.
Msimangu also suggests, however, that if John were as courageous as he maintains, he would be in prison, and Msimangu observes that power can corrupt even the most dedicated politician. At the textile factory, the white men who manage the plant are helpful, stating that Absalom has not worked there for twelve months.
The two priests find Mrs. Ndlela, who tells them that Absalom has moved to Alexandra. After Kumalo steps outside, Msimangu asks Mrs. Ndlela why she seems so sorry for Kumalo, and she reveals that both she and her husband felt that Absalom kept bad company. As they board the bus, however, they are stopped by Dubula, another of the three most important black leaders in Johannesburg.
Dubula tells them that blacks are boycotting the buses because the fares have been raised and persuades them to walk the eleven miles to Alexandra. As they walk, they accept a ride from a white driver, who goes miles out of his way to help them.
Kumalo and Msimangu walk the remaining distance as Msimangu explains that in Alexandra, blacks are allowed to own property, but that the town is so crime-ridden that its white neighbors have petitioned to have it destroyed.
He also says, however, that Alexandra is more good than bad. Mkize, is visibly afraid and will tell them only that Absalom moved a year ago. Kumalo knows that something is wrong, and Msimangu tells him to go on ahead and seek refreshment, then returns to question the woman again.
Mkize tells him that both boys were friends with a local taxi driver named Hlabeni. Hlabeni, who is scared, admits that the young men now live in a shantytown in the city of Orlando. They drive past crowds of black people resolutely walking instead of taking the bus, while a number of white drivers offer them rides. From all over the land, people pour into the city of Johannesburg. The waiting lists for houses are impossibly long, however, and there is little room in the houses in Alexandra, Sophiatown, and Orlando.
Families with homes take in boarders, but the accommodations fill up, often with a dozen people crammed into two rooms. Privacy is scarce, and tempers flare. Some husbands and wives are seduced by their lodgers; others throw tenants out into the street in fits of protective jealousy. A well-placed bribe may secure the right person a home, but there are no guarantees. The money to build housing is tied up because of war in Europe and North Africa.
Building supplies are stolen from the plantations, train stations, and mines. It is crowded and wet in Shanty Town. In the middle of the night, a child burns with fever and dies before a doctor can reach her. Newspapermen come and take pictures, and the state springs into action.
New homes are built for the Shanty Town masses, just as Dubula said they would be. But a new tide of people rushes to set up makeshift homes, and this time the state reacts with anger. The police drive these people back to where they came from. A few remain, watching the new houses that the government is building and waiting for their turn to move in.
Cry, The Beloved Country Study guide
He and Gertrude have little to say to each other, but he takes comfort in telling his small nephew about Natal, and Gertrude finds a friend in Mrs. The nurse sends them to Mrs. Hlatshwayo, with whom Absalom was staying. She tells them that Absalom was sent to the reformatory.
As they walk to the reformatory, Msimangu tries to comfort Kumalo, saying that he has heard good things about the reformatory. At the reformatory, a young white man tells Msimangu and Kumalo that Absalom was a model student, but that he was discharged a month earlier because of his age, good behavior, and the frequent visits from his pregnant girlfriend.
Kumalo asks her what she will do, but before she can respond, Msimangu speaks harshly to the girl and tells Kumalo that her problem is one that Kumalo cannot solve. When Kumalo protests that she carries his grandchild, Msimangu scoffs at the idea and wonders out loud how many other children Absalom may have. After informing them that Absalom has been absent from work for many days, the young man leaves them at the gates of Orlando, where Msimangu apologizes to Kumalo for his unkind words.
Kumalo forgives him and asks Msimangu to take him back to the girl. The tranquil evening is shattered, however, when another priest enters with a newspaper whose front page announces the murder of Arthur Jarvis, a white engineer and crusader for the rights of black South Africans. Jarvis, the paper reports, was at home with a cold when intruders knocked out his servant and shot him at close range.
The paper states that there are no leads, but police hope the unconscious servant will be able to furnish some information upon awakening. The article closes by saying that Jarvis leaves behind a widow and two children—a nine-year-old son and a five-year-old daughter.
Kumalo remembers seeing Arthur as a boy, small and bright, with his father—the Jarvis farm overlooks Ndotsheni. He is weighed down by a sudden, inexplicable fear. Msimangu tries to reassure him that the odds of any connection between Absalom and the murder are small, but Kumalo is inconsolable and too tired even to pray.
He adds that throughout the nation, thousands of voices cry out what must be done. He argues that there should be more police, and another speaker argues that if black Africans had more rights, there would be less crime. Some advocate that more schools be built in the black districts, where fewer than half the children go to school, but others say that schooling blacks only produces criminals who are more clever. Some argue for greater segregation, others for greater education and opportunities.
The white population lives barricaded behind their fear. Ndlela, whom Msimangu and Kumalo visited earlier in their search for Absalom, tells Msimangu that the police have visited her looking for Absalom and that she referred them to Mrs. Before Msimangu can slip out on his own to investigate, however, he runs into Kumalo.
He allows Kumalo to come along. The two retrace their search, going first to Mrs. Everyone agrees that the situation looks serious. Kumalo spends more of his precious savings on a taxi, and the two men begin a somber trip to Ezenzeleni. Msimangu has work to do here, so Kumalo sits by himself for some time and meditates. When Msimangu returns and finds Kumalo in despair, Msimangu reminds Kumalo that despair is a sin.
He knows that Msimangu speaks to him when he says God will not forsake humankind. Some people criticize Msimangu for using his preaching gifts to teach patience while so many of his people die, but Kumalo feels spiritually refreshed.
The man tells him that his fears have been justified, that Absalom is in jail for the murder of Arthur Jarvis and that Absalom fired the shot. Devastated by the news, John goes with Kumalo to the mission, where Father Vincent offers them help, and the young man from the reformatory leads them to the prison.
Absalom states that he shot Jarvis, but he explains that he fired only because he was afraid, and maintains that he still wants to marry his girlfriend. At the prison gates, Kumalo meets John again, but John is no longer in despair. He will get his son a lawyer, he says, adding that there is no proof that his son was even present at the time of the murder. Kumalo, John cruelly states, will not need a lawyer—his son is guilty and cannot be saved. The young man, embittered by his disappointment with Absalom, refuses to advise Kumalo and defiantly asserts that his work at the reformatory is important.
He drives off, John leaves on foot, and Kumalo is left alone. Father Vincent, he decides, is his only hope. He advises Kumalo that he will need a lawyer because John is untrustworthy.
The young man leaves, and Kumalo speaks about his grief to Father Vincent. He is especially upset that he and his wife had no idea what was happening to their son in Johannesburg and that he has only found out now that it is too late. Kumalo allows himself a rare moment of bitterness, but Father Vincent refuses to let him remain cynical, insisting that Kumalo keep up the rituals of his religion in order to make true faith return.
She has not heard the news about Absalom, and when Kumalo tells her, she is devastated. Kumalo presses her further, and she explains that her father left her mother because her mother was always drunk. Kumalo is angered by her promiscuity and harshly asks her if she would accept him as a lover. Frightened and confused, she says she would. Shocked by her answer, Kumalo covers his face with his hands, and she begins crying and lamenting.
Ashamed of his behavior, Kumalo comforts her and asks if she would like to come with him to Ndotsheni and live with his family as their daughter. She gratefully responds that she would and assures him that her only desire is a quiet life. Lithebe get along, Mrs.
Lithebe worries that Gertrude has a strange carelessness about her and is too friendly with strange men. Kumalo, ecstatic with Mrs. One day, however, Mrs. Absalom gradually comes to agree with his father that his companions are not true friends. Absalom is pleased, however, by the prospect of having a lawyer, and he promises Kumalo that he will tell the lawyer nothing but the truth.
Carmichael, visits Kumalo at the mission house. Carmichael leaves, Kumalo frets about the legal costs, but Father Vincent informs him that Mr.CRY THE BELOVED COUNTRY
Looking down upon it all is High Place, the residence of a white farmer named James Jarvis, the father of the slain Arthur Jarvis. Jarvis hopes that rain will soon fall on his dry fields. The hills of Ndotsheni below are dry and barren from over-farming, and no one knows how to solve the problem.
Jarvis ponders all the possible solutions to the over-farming. If only the native people would learn how to farm, he thinks, and if only those who were educated stayed to help their people instead of running to the city.
Standing on a ridge to look for rain clouds, Jarvis sees a police car approaching his home. He thinks that it must be one of the Afrikaner policemen—Afrikaners are white South Africans of Dutch descent largely considered by families of English descent to be of a lower class.
Though he is of English descent, Jarvis believes that the local Afrikaners are a fine people. Two policemen, van Jaarsveld and Binnendyk, come to him with the shocking news that his son has been shot and killed.
As Jarvis copes with the announcement, they offer to make arrangements to get him to Johannesburg as quickly as possible. He accepts their offer, and while one of the policemen calls to arrange for the flight, Jarvis breaks the bad news to his wife, who breaks down crying and screaming.
Jarvis, his wife, and Mary get into the car with John to go the mortuary. Harrison and Arthur did not see eye-to-eye. Harrison for a drink. Harrison tells him that condolence messages have poured in from every part of the community, including from the prime minister and mayor. He tells Jarvis that Arthur could speak Afrikaans and Zulu, that he was interested in learning Sesuto a native language like Zuluand that some wanted him to run for parliament.
Both Kumalo and Jarvis undergo revelations during the novel. Jarvis finally sees the injustice of South African society, and Kumalo realizes the consequences of losing the old tribal customs.
In what ways are they alike? In what ways do they differ? Specific Plot Questions Book 1 Fear. As Kumalo leaves to go to Johannesburg, he fears. As he searches for his son, he fears. When he visits a few people on the search for his son, they fear. Why does Kumalo fear? Who or what does he fear? What other roles does fear have? Msimangu is angry at his people. Kumalo, upon being reunited with his son, is angry. Why are they angry? What is the significance of the title to the book as a whole?
Father Vincent counsels Kumalo to pray page Its purpose is to praise God and to show how to praise God and how to avoid despair…. Is this a didactic, devotional novel? Can one approach it without a religious perspective? What is the significance of the visit to Ezenzeleni, the mission to the blind, in Chapter 13? Book 2 and 3 See it all.
What is he unable to see from his perspective? How does he finally get a different perspective? What does his office say about him? In Chapter 25 about pageKumalo happens to meet James Jarvis during the midst of the trial. What emotions do Kumalo and Jarvis experience during this encounter? Milk and Agricultural Reform.
In Chapter 31, Kumalo prayed to God: When the young boy arrives soon after, he asks for milk and is embarrassed to find there is no milk.