A Guide to Dual Meet Scoring in Wrestling | posavski-obzor.info
Understanding how team dual meets are scored in wrestling is tricky for new wrestlers. So, learn all about dual meet scoring by reading this guide Read More. By Phil Henning and The Predicament Wrestling Score Book. How would Please feel free to copy and paste any part of this article into your wrestling meet and. A typical international wrestling tournament takes place by Most points scored in the tournament; Fewest points.
In tournaments where six places are awarded, the losers of the consolation semifinals would wrestle for fifth place, with the loser winning sixth place. If eight places are awarded, the losers of the consolation quarterfinals would wrestle for seventh place, with the loser winning eighth place, and so on.
After the championships finals, the awards ceremony usually takes place with plaques, medals, trophies, or other awards given to the individual and team winners with the highest placements. Precise rules for tournaments may vary from one event to the next. In said tournament, a wrestler will advance into the consolation bracket only if the winning opponent successfully advances into the finals. In the first few rounds of the tournament, a single-elimination-type method is implemented. For example, if a wrestler goes to a person tournament, he or she must win at least one match before losing.
Upon the loss, the winning opponent will advance until he or she reaches the finals.
Only those wrestlers who advance to the round before the quarter finals and those who have lost to the wrestlers of the quarter finals may have a chance at placing in the tournament.
If our said wrestler wins the first match and loses the second match. The second opponent must advance an additional three rounds before our wrestler will be guaranteed another match and opportunity to place in this tournament.
The carry-over system allows for more matches and a better siphoning process for large-scale tournaments by allowing only the best wrestlers to advance and giving the best of the losing opponents a chance to place in the tournament as well. Each state or geographic area features two or three "elite" tournaments every year. These events are by invitation only and are called "Invitationals".
Tournament sponsors which are usually high schools, though sometimes colleges and universities invite the best varsity wrestlers from their area to compete against each other. Many elite tournaments last two or even three days. For this reason, elite tournaments are often scheduled during the school's winter break. One of the most elite and longest-running high school wrestling invitational in the nation is hosted by Eagle Grove High School in Eagle Grove, Iowa.
Between one season and the next, postseason tournaments and preseason tournaments are often held in scholastic wrestling and also in freestyle and Greco-Roman. The most active wrestlers often take part in those to sharpen their skills and techniques. Also, clinics and camps are often held for both wrestlers and their coaches to help refresh old techniques and gain new strategies.
Wrestling mat[ edit ] The match takes place on a thick rubber mat that is shock-absorbing to ensure safety. A large outer circle at least 28 feet in diameter that designates the wrestling area is marked on the mat. The circumference line of that circle is called the boundary line.
The wrestling area is surrounded by a safety mat area or protection area that is at least five inches in width. The wrestlers are within bounds when the supporting points the weight-bearing points of the body, such as the feet, hands, knees, buttocks of either wrestler are inside this boundary line.
Wrestlers are encouraged to stay within this inner circle or else they risk being penalized for stalling that is, deliberately attempting to slow down the action of the match. Each wrestler begins action at a starting line inside the inner circle that is three feet long.
Two one-inch lines close the ends of the starting lines and are marked red for the wrestler from the visiting team and green for the wrestler from the home team. This rectangle designates the starting positions for the three periods. All mats that are in sections are secured together.
Additional padding may be added under the mat to protect the wrestlers.
Freestyle wrestling - Wikipedia
Equipment[ edit ] Securing the fall, or pinning, is the supreme goal in all wrestling, as it also scores the most points in team competitions. This near fall situation is about to turn into a fall in three seconds. A singlet is a one-piece wrestling garment made of spandexnylon or lycra.
It should provide a tight and comfortable fit for the wrestler, and prevents an opponent from using anything on the wrestler as leverage. The singlets are usually light or dark depending on whether the wrestlers are competing at home or abroad, and they are usually designed according to the school's or club's team colors. Wrestlers also have the option of wearing leggings with their singlets. Wrestling shoes are light and flexible in order to provide maximum comfort and movement.
Usually made with rubber soles, they help give the wrestler's feet a better grip on the mat.
In addition, special equipment, such as face masks, braces, mouthguardshair coverings, knee pads, or elbow pads may be worn by either wrestler. Anything worn that prevents normal movement or execution of holds is prohibited. Usually at the start of the second and third periods, both wrestlers start in the referee's position, with one wrestler on the bottom with hands spread out and feet held together, and one wrestler on the top with his hand around the opponent's waist for control.
A match is a competition between two individual wrestlers of the same weight class. The match consists of three periods totaling 4.
High school matches are one minute shorter than college and university matches - not having collegiate wrestling's three-minute first period. Junior varsity and freshmen matches may be shorter than varsity matches in some states. Any differences in the length of time are explained by the fact that junior varsity and freshmen wrestlers are presumed to be younger, less skilled, and possibly in poorer shape than varsity wrestlers, though this may not always be the case.
Period lengths vary for age groups below high school and are different from state to state. The main official at the wrestling match is the refereewho is responsible for starting and stopping the match; observing all holds; signaling points; calling penalties such as illegal holds, unnecessary roughness, fleeing the mat, or flagrant misconduct; and finally observing a full view of and determining the fall.
Finally, a match or meet timekeeper' may be present to note the match time, timeouts and work with the scorers. The referee then prepares the wrestlers to begin the first period. The neutral position has the two wrestlers standing opposite each other on their feet. Each wrestler starts with his lead foot on the green or red area of the starting lines, and his other foot even with or behind the lead foot.
Both wrestlers then usually slightly crouch with their arms in front of them at or above waist level. In this position, neither wrestler is in control. The match commences with each wrestler attempting to take down his opponent.
There are various ways to accomplish this, such as taking a shot or completing a throw. The first period in high school varsity wrestling matches is two minutes long. After the first period ends, one wrestler will have the choice of starting position in the second period.
In dual meets, this is determined by the colored disk toss that took place before the meet began. In tournaments, the referee will toss a colored disk, with a green-colored side and a red-colored side, and the winner of that disk toss will have the choice of position. The wrestler could choose between the neutral position, or to begin in what is called the "referee's position" on the mat.
The referee's position has both wrestlers beginning action at the center of the mat with one wrestler in the "defensive starting position" on the bottom with his hands spread apart in front of the forward starting line and his knees spread apart behind the rear starting line with his legs held together.
The other wrestler on the top in the "offensive starting position" then kneels beside him with one arm wrapped around the bottom wrestler's waist with the palm of his hand against the opponent's navel and the other hand on or over the back of the opponent's near elbow for control. The wrestler starting in the offensive position is in control of his opponent, and thus does not need to gain control to score nearfall points or a pin. The wrestler could also choose the defensive bottom position, where he would have the opportunity to score points for a reversal or an escape and a subsequent takedown, as riding time is not calculated in high school wrestling.
The wrestler could also defer his choice to the beginning of the third period. More recently, another starting position choice has been allowed, known as the "optional offensive starting position" or "optional start". After the wrestler with the choice the offensive wrestler indicates his intention to the referee, the referee lets the defensive wrestler adjust and begin in the defensive starting position.
Next, the offensive wrestler goes to either side of the defensive wrestler or behind him, with all his weight supported by both his feet or by one or both knees. The offensive wrestler would then place both his hands on the opponent's back between the neck and the waist. When the referee starts the match by blowing the whistle, the defensive wrestler then has the opportunity to get back to his feet in a neutral position.
The offensive wrestler must signal this intention to the referee before he comes set. The second period is two minutes long. The wrestler who did not choose the starting position for the second period now chooses the starting position.
The third period is also two minutes long. Both wrestlers start in the neutral position. The first wrestler to score a point wins. Both wrestlers start in the referee's position. The wrestler who won a colored disk toss made by the referee has the choice of either top or bottom position, and he may NOT defer the choice to his opponent. After the wrestler makes the choice, the two contestants then wrestle. Either of the two wrestlers must try to score as many points as he can.
Once one second period is over, the wrestler who did not have the choice in the previous period may choose to start the new period from the top or bottom.
Scholastic wrestling - Wikipedia
Whoever scores the most points or is awarded a fall, default, or disqualification wins the match. The ultimate tiebreaker period lasts for 30 seconds. Both wrestlers also start in the referee's position. The wrestler who scored the first points in regulation except in the case of double-stalling or simultaneous penalties has the choice of top or bottom position, or he may defer the choice to the opponent.
If no points were scored in the regulation match, the winner of a colored disk toss will have the choice of position. After the wrestler makes his choice, the two contestants then wrestle. The person in the bottom position must then escape or reverse his opponent to get the win. If the wrestler in the offensive top position rides the defensive bottom wrestler that is, keeps the defensive wrestler under control in the position of advantage for the entire 30 seconds, he wins the match and is awarded one point.
Wrestlers may still be awarded points for near falls, and a fall terminates the bout. Upon the referee's return to the mat, the two wrestlers shake hands, and the referee declares the winner by raising the winner's hand.
While not stipulated by the rules, it is customary for both contestants to then shake the hand of the opposing team's coach es. Both contestants then return to their team benches from the mat. In scholastic wrestling, points are awarded mostly on the basis of control. Control occurs when a wrestler has gained restraining power over an opponent, usually, by controlling the opponent's legs and torso.
When a wrestler gains control and maintains restraining power over an opponent, he is said to be in the "position of advantage". A near fall can also be scored when the defensive wrestler is held with one shoulder on the mat and one shoulder at an angle of 45 degrees or less toward the mat, as shown.
A wrestler is awarded two points for a takedown when, from the neutral position, he gains control by taking the other wrestler down to the mat in bounds and beyond reaction time, and the supporting point s of either wrestler are in bounds. This is most often accomplished by attacking the legs of the opponent, although various throws can also be used to bring a wrestler down to the mat.
A defensive wrestler who is being controlled on the bottom is awarded one point for an escape when the defensive wrestler gains a neutral position and the offensive wrestler loses control of the opponent while the supporting point s of either wrestler remain in bounds. Reversal points are awarded on the edge of the wrestling area if either wrestler's supporting point s or the feet of the scoring wrestler remain in bounds. This is similar to the points for "exposure" or the "danger position" awarded in the international styles of wrestling, but the emphasis for near falls is on control, not risk.
Near fall criteria is met when: The referee counts the seconds off. Two points can also be granted in cases where a pinning combination is executed legally and a near fall is imminent, but the defensive wrestler is injured, signals an injury, or bleeds excessively before the near fall criterion is met.
After five seconds, the referee awards three points and stops counting. When a near fall criterion is met that is between two and four seconds, and the defensive wrestler is injured, indicates an injury, or bleeds excessively, three points are also awarded.
One or two points can be awarded by the referee to the opponent for various penalty situations. Note, unlike technical violations, the first two offenses are "cautioned" The official will form a "C" with his hand. Furthermore, this violation is not on the "progressive penalty chart. Wrestler A places Wrestler B on his back in a high bridge for three seconds.
Wrestler B scoots on his feet and head out-of-bounds on purpose. Is this a technical violation? Wrestler B has not committed a technical violation because Wrestler A would have been awarded two match points for a near fall. They are as follows: Situation One -- If the wrestler is unsportsmanlike during the bout, his opponent would be awarded match point s in the following manner: Situation Two -- If an unsportsmanlike act occurs prior to the first period or after the third period or fallthe offending wrestler's squad would lose one team point.
On the second offense, he would be asked to leave the premises and his squad would lose another team point. Flagrant misconduct at any time would result in immediate disqualification from the dual meet or tournament and the deduction of ALL team points earned. During the second period, Wrestler A showed overt displeasure over the referee's call. Is this unsportsmanlike behavior? If so, what is the penalty? I would be unsportsmanlike behavior and the official would award Wrestler B one match point since it occurred during the bout.
If such were the case, the official would deduct one point from the violator's team.
On the second offense, the perpetrator would be removed from the premises for the duration of the dual meet or tournament session. When a coach's initial action is "flagrant" in nature, he would be expelled immediately with the loss of two team points for the duration of the dual meet or the tournament. The Spectators -- No fan may react in an unsportsmanlike manner toward the referee or the opposing coach or wrestlers.
This unbecoming response can result in removal from the gym, fieldhouse or arena on the official's comment. Important point, neither team would be penalized for misconduct of an over-zealous spectator, and it is up to the home management to remove the offender.
During the progress of a dual meet, the referee was constantly being harassed by a heckler in the front row of the home-school's bleachers.
Unable to put up with this behavior any longer, the official stopped the match and had the athletic director escort the perpetrator from the gym.
The visiting coach immediately demanded that one team point be deducted from the home squad. Was he right or wrong? The visiting coach was wrong. Whenever a spectator is removed from the premises for unsportsmanship behavior, no point is deducted from his or her favorite team's score. He is allowed the same mobility around the mat as the referee.
Furthermore, the assistant referee can talk to the main official as the match is in progress and help in making calls. He can also signal locked hands and the grasping of clothes technical violations. However, all other calls must be made by the main official. If there is a disagreement between the two, the main official has the final say in the matter.
Note, coaches are not permitted to address the assistant referee while the match is being contested. In the second period of the bout, the assistant referee warned Wrestler A for stalling. Immediately, Wrestler A's coach approached the scorer's table and argued that the assistant referee had no authority to make the call. Was he right or out-of-order? The coach was correct. Only the main official of the match is allowed to designate stalling Item However, the coach can not question any judgment calls made by the official.
When he does, the referee will first warn him for misconduct, the second offense will cost the coach a team point, and with the third offense, the coach will be asked to leave premises for the duration of the dual meet or tournament session and another team point would be deducted. The referee indicated a takedown at the edge of the mat and then blew the whistle for out-of-bounds.
The coach, whose wrestler was taken down, approached the score table to argue with the official over the call. The referee indicated misconduct on the coach's part.
The referee was right. A coach can not question the judgment of an official. The only time it would not be penalized is if the wrestler received permission from the official to do so. Should this infraction occur before wrestling has started or after the completion of wrestling, it would be a deduction of one team-point from the offender's squad.
However, if the offense takes place during the match, the violator's opponent would receive a match point. Note, there is a variation of the rule in West Virginia. The unauthorized lowering of shoulder straps anywhere in the gym during competition is considered unsportsmanlike.
Wrestler A lowers his shoulder straps between the second and third periods of a match. How would he or his team be penalized? Wrestler A's opponent would receive one match point.
There would be no team-point deduction since wrestling has not concluded yet. Instead, the overtime tie-breaker will be utilized to determine the winner. The new procedure, as revised for the season, is as follows. The the first three periods end up in a tie, 1 to 1, with Wrestling A scoring the first escape. Sudden Victory Overtime Period: During tournament and dual meet action, when the wrestlers are tied at the end of the three regular periods, they will then wrestle an overtime period which will be one minute in length with no rest between the regular match and the overtime.
The overtime period will begin with both matmen in the neutral position. The wrestler who scores the first point s will be declared the winner. If no winner is determined by the end of the one minute overtime period, second tie-breakers in the referee's position will be wrestled.
The disk is tossed to determine the wrestler who has choice. The wrestler who wins the toss may choose top, bottom, or defer Neutral cannot be chosen. Wrestler B wins the toss and selects down. As soon as the referee blows the whistle, Wrestler B scores an escape. At this point, the match continues to the conclusion of the of the thirty seconds. Before the end of the first tiebreaker, Wrestler B also scores a takedown. The score at this time is Wrestler B: It is now Wrestler A's choice; he also selects down.
During the second tiebreaker period, Wrestler A likewise scores an escape and a takedown. The score is tied 4 to 4. At this point, Wrestler A is given the choice of position because he scored the first point an escape in the match. However, the wrestler whose opponent has received an unsportsmanlike conduct penalty at anytime during the match will have the choice of position.
The unsportsmanlike conduct penalty will supersede the first points scored in the regulation match.
There is no neutral, but the wrestler may defer. The Ultimate Tiebreaker winner is determined the same as in the past. The wrestler who scores the first point s in this second tie-breaker will be declared the winner.
However, if no scoring occurs during this time, the top wrestler will be declared the winner. If Wrestler B scores, Wrestler B wins.