India–Nepal relations - Wikipedia
Nepal-India relations are, in essence, much more than the sum of treaties and India's economic assistance to Nepal has grown manifold in the past few decades, important accomplishments in scientifically mapping Nepal India boundary. India-Nepal relations were back on track in with the high-level bilateral exchanges but their future ties would depend mainly on the. Nepal and India enjoy excellent bilateral relations in political, economic, trade and cultural fields, apart from intimately closer people-to-people ties. India is.
From one of the most thriving economies in Asia, Nepal was now quickly finding itself in the league of World's poorest nation. After failing to receive support from wider international community, Nepalese government backed down from its position to avoid the worsening economic conditions.
Indian government, with the help of Nepalese opposition parties operating from India, managed to bring a change in Nepal's political system, in which the king was forced to institute a parliamentary democracy.
The new government, led by pro-India parties, sought quick restoration of amicable relations with India.
Singhafter India ended its month-long economic blockade of Nepal. During the December visit to India by Nepalese prime minister Girija Prasad Koiralathe two countries signed new, separate trade and transit treaties and other economic agreements designed to accord Nepal additional economic benefits.
Indian-Nepali relations appeared to be undergoing still more reassessment when Nepal's prime minister Man Mohan Adhikary visited New Delhi in April and insisted on a major review of the peace and friendship treaty which Nepal believed was enabling an ongoing demographic shift in Nepal's Terai region. In the face of benign statements by his Indian hosts relating to the treaty, Adhikary sought greater economic independence for his landlocked nation while simultaneously striving to improve ties with China.
In Junea joint Kathmandu-New Delhi communique was issued pending the finalisation of a comprehensive arrangement covering all aspects of bilateral relations, restoring trade relations, reopening transit routes for Nepal's imports, and formalising respect of each other's security concerns.
Kathmandu also announced that lower cost was the decisive factor in its purchasing arms and personnel carriers from China and that Nepal was advising China to withhold delivery of the last shipment. However, even after the restoration of democracyinPrachandathe Prime Minister of Nepalvisited Indiain September only after visiting Chinabreaking the long-held tradition of Nepalese PM making India as their first port-of-call.
When in India, he spoke about a new dawn, in the bilateral relations, between the two countries. He said, "I am going back to Nepal as a satisfied person. I will tell Nepali citizens back home that a new era has dawned.
Are current India-Nepal relations on a low or high? - The Economic Times
Time has come to effect a revolutionary change in bilateral relations. On behalf of the new government, I assure you that we are committed to make a fresh start. The citizenship bill passed by the Nepalese parliament in was the same bill that was rejected by Late King Birendra in  before he along with his entire family was massacred. Indian government formally expressed sorrow at the death of Late King Birendra of Nepal.
Are current India-Nepal relations on a low or high?
InIndo-Nepal ties got a further boost with an agreement to resume water talks after a 4-year hiatus. The two issued a point statement highlighting the need to review, adjust and update the Treaty of Peace and Friendshipamongst other agreements.
In return, Nepal will take measures for the "promotion of investor friendly, enabling business environment to encourage Indian investments in Nepal. Furthermore, a three-tier mechanism at the level of ministerial, secretary and technical levels will be built to push forward discussions on the development of water resources between the two sides.
Indian External affairs minister Pranab Mukherjee promised the Nepali Prime Minister Prachanda that he would "extend all possible help for peace and development. Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi visited Nepal in Augustmarking the first official visit by an Indian prime minister in 17 years. During his visit, Indian government agreed to provide Nepal with USD 1 billion as concessional line of credit for various development purposes and a HIT formula, but he insisted that Indian immigrants in Nepal don't pose a threat to Nepal's sovereignty and therefore open border between Nepal and India should be a bridge and not a barrier.
The two-day-long International Buddhist conference in Kathmandu which ran from May 19—20, marked Vesak and the 2,th birthday of the Buddha was also used to promote the Buddha's birthplace which lies in modern-day Nepal.
Oli told the media that the conference, "should help us make clear to the world that Buddha was born in Nepal and that Buddhist philosophy is the product of Nepal". Indian troops had previously prevented Nepal from completing a culvert in the disputed area which ultimately led to protests.
It was considered rare for India to retaliate with gunfire. Nepal claims that the river to the west of Kalapani is the main Kali river hence the area should belong to Nepal. The river borders the Nepalese zone of Mahakali and the Indian state of Uttarakhand.
Subsequent maps drawn by British surveyors show the source of the boundary river at different places. This discrepancy in locating the source of the river led to boundary disputes between India and Nepal, with each country producing maps supporting their own claims. The constitutional drafting process was meant to be completed in two years but remained unfinished untilwhen the Supreme Court intervened.
Fresh elections were held for a new Constituent Assembly in Nepal has been traditionally ruled by individuals from the hill elites groups Bahuns and Chhetris largely who constitute 29 per cent of the population. Madhesis inhabit the Terai, the plains bordering India, and constitute 35 per cent of the population.
The Madhesis are a marginalised group that share strong kinship ties with the Indian communities across the border, which is why the kilometre-long divide between the two countries is an open border.Top 10 - What if India and Sri Lanka were one country? effect on both economy
The new constitution was adopted in Septembereven as the Terai erupted in protests that claimed nearly 45 lives. The movement of goods across the India—Nepal border came to a standstill, which led to acute shortages of essentials like petroleum products, LPG and medical supplies.
Oli blamed India for imposing an economic blockade, while India blamed the deteriorating law and order situation in the Terai for inhibiting truck movement. After a constitutional amendment in Nepal in early to address some of the Madhesi issues, border movements returned to normal but the distrust continued. These resulted in a victory for UML in an alliance with the Maoists.