i.e. A patient in China may describe themselves not as “amae” as It's important to always remember that psychologists are cultural members too and that. Culture includes as well a social group usually and psychology deals mainly . 3 )posavski-obzor.info Please discuss the relationship between culture and behavior. Include a discussion on how a culture's beliefs and values inform its behavior. The way a human being behaves in his person and professional lives is heavily affected by the cultural values, beliefs and philosophies he.
This model is unique in that cultural factors are thought to influence health behavior D both directly and indirectly through psychological factors C. To highlight this point, psychological factors e.
The application of this model through advanced multivariate statistics allows researchers to test the structure of relations among multiple variables simultaneously. I wanted to investigate both cultural and psychological factors that influenced diet adherence among a culturally diverse group of type 2 diabetic patients. Susceptibility to social influence inhibited self-efficacy, which in turn lowered diet adherence. Integrating culture into this preliminary study allowed multiple points of intervention to be considered that address both the socially shared cultural beliefs about diet and the psychological factors that can support healthy eating.
These findings could inform culturally competent interventions that prevent serious complications related to uncontrolled type 2 diabetes and begin to address underlying mechanisms that may be driving apparent health disparities between mainstream and minority populations. Concluding Remarks My hope is that this article has provided resources for conducting theoretically guided cultural research using sound cultural measures and has highlighted the potential to apply research findings to improve physical and mental health among underserved populations.
Cultural diversity in contemporary society will only continue to grow, which necessitates research that accounts for the complex relationships among sociodemographic, cultural, and psychological factors in behavior. References American Psychological Association. Guidelines on multicultural education, training, research, practice, and organizational change for psychologists. American Psychologist, 58, — The psychology of health: Physical health and the role of culture and behavior. Healthcare mistreatment and continuity of cancer screening among Latino and Anglo American women in Southern California.
A cultural research approach to instrument development: The case of breast and cervical cancer screening among Latino and Anglo women. Health Education Research, 25, — The study of culture, ethnicity, and race in American psychology. American Psychologist, 48, — Mainstreaming culture in psychology.
American Psychologist, 67, — Culture, emotion, and cancer screening: An integrative framework for investigating health behavior. For example, when thinking of mother, the brain region related to self-concept showed significant activation in Chinese, whereas no activation observed in Westerners.
These consist of culturally derived ideas and practices that are embodied, enacted, or instituted in everyday life. In it, they refer to the mutually constitutive nature of culture and individual as a "culture cycle.
Studies show that in the United States, individuals are more likely think of him or herself as "independent", "equal", and "individualistic". Individuals have characteristics that are consistent across time and situation.
When asked to describe themselves, Americans are likely to use adjectives to describe their personalities, such as "energetic", "friendly", or "hard-working".
In Japan, studies show that individuals are more likely to think of themselves as "obligated to society", "interdependent", and "considerate". The self is adaptable to the situation. Japanese individuals are therefore more likely to describe themselves in relation to others, such as "I try not to upset anyone," or "I am a father, a son, and a brother.
Stories, songs, architecture, and advertisements are all methods of interaction that guide individuals in a culture to promote certain values and teach them how to behave. In the US, no-smoking signs focus on individual action by simply saying "No Smoking". These signs reflect underlying cultural norms and values, and when people see them they are encouraged to behave in accordance with the greater cultural values.
Institutions[ edit ] The next layer of culture is made up of the institutions in which everyday interactions take place.Dr. David Matsumoto discusses culture and personality
These determine and enforce the rules for a society and include legal, government, economic, scientific, philosophical, and religious bodies. Institutions encourage certain practices and products while discouraging others. In Japanese kindergartens, children learn about important cultural values such as teamwork, group harmony, and cooperation. During "birthday month celebration," for example, the class celebrates all the children who have birthdays that month.
This institutional practice underscores the importance of a group over an individual. In US kindergartens, children learn their personal value when they celebrate their birthdays one by one, enforcing the cultural value of uniqueness and individualism.
Everyday institutional practices such as classroom birthday celebrations propagate prominent cultural themes. This results in maintenance systems i. These factors inform learned behavior, or progressive expressive systems that take the form of religion, magic beliefs, ritual and ceremony, art, recreation, games and play, or crime rates.
According to an article by Thomas Weisner in the Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology"All these [more recent] approaches share a common intellectual project: The distinction between the two modes of life is most evident between independent and collectivistic cultures.
Some strategies employed when self-enhancing often include downward social comparisoncompensatory self-enhancement, discounting, external attributions and basking in reflected glory.
This motivation is often derived from a desire to not lose face and to appear positively among social groups. People from an individualistic culture typically demonstrate an independent view of the self; the focus is usually on personal achievement.
- Relationship between culture and behavior
- Integrating Culture Into Psychological Research
The Fundamental Attribution Error has been shown to be more common in America individualistic as compared to in India collectivistic. Each representation is at either end; thus, some members of individualistic cultures may hold collectivistic values, and some collectivistic individual may hold some individualist values. The concepts of collectivism and individualism show a general idea of the values of a specific ethnic culture but should not be juxtaposed in competition.
Integrating Culture Into Psychological Research – Association for Psychological Science
Duan and Hill  first discussed empathy in subcategories of intellectual empathy: This created four types of empathy to further examine: These four branches allowed researchers to examine empathic proclivities among individuals of different cultures. While individualism was not shown to correlate with either types of dispositional empathy, collectivism was shown to have a direct correlation with both types of dispositional empathy, possibly suggesting that by having less focus on the self, there is more capacity towards noticing the needs of others.
More so, individualism predicted experienced intellectual empathy, and collectivism predicted experienced empathic emotion. These results are congruent with the values of collectivistic and individualistic societies.
The self-centered identity and egoistic motives prevalent in individualistic cultures, perhaps acts as a hindrance in being open to fully experiencing empathy. This idea is meant to foster cultural empathy as well as engender cultural competence.
Eysneck  conceptualized ethnocentrism as using one's own culture to understand the rest of the world, while holding one's own values as correct.
Concomitant with this barrier to intercultural empathy, Rasoal, Eklund, and Hansen  posit five hindrances of intercultural empathy; these include: Another barrier to intercultural empathy is that there is often a power dynamic between different cultures.
Cultural psychology - Wikipedia
Bridging an oppressed culture with their upper-echelon oppressor is a goal of intercultural empathy. One approach to this barrier is to attempt to acknowledge one's personal oppression. Through this, the goal is that intercultural empathy can lend toward broader intercultural understanding across cultures and societies.