Eyeconart: Abstract Expressionism and Pop Art
Andy Warhola worked as a fashion illustrator and commercial artist before turning to the fine art scene. His early work included huge enlargements of comic strip. In , British pop artist Richard Hamilton listed the “characteristics of pop art” in a can), comic books, and Hollywood movies, taking the imagery of mass- production to when he broke with the established traditions of abstract expressionism. of art, its form, its relationship to mass production, and its relationship to the. Perhaps it is itself aesthetics in that it examines this relation and points out the Pop Art is in a way a return to the object as an avant-garde movement after the image of a banal environmental image say from the comics or tabloid papers.
Pop Art Pop Culture Imagery Pop artists drew extensively from mass media and advertising images in their work.
Pop art in the US
Andy Warhol, Marilyn Diptych, Machine Reproduction Pop Artists often shunned traditional painting alone, incorporating forms of machine reproduction to create their art. Andy Warhol, for example, produced screen printings of already existing photographic images.
Pop artists had no problems letting machines do some of the work for them. Andy Warhol making a screen print.
Pop Art | Abstract Expressionism vs. Pop Art
Use of Appropriation A very common characteristic among Pop artists was the use of appropriation — taking an already existing object or image and incorporating it into their own work of art. Often, Pop artists took the appropriated image and recreated it in a new way to make it their own, such as Tom Wesselmann whose still lifes incorporated hand painting with consumer good imagery and even everyday objects.
Tom Wesselmann, Still Life 20, Wit and Irony Unlike Abstract Expressionists, whose work took on expressive, authentic, transcendent meaning, Pop artists created work that presented anything from witty humor to ironic critique. While Roy Lichtenstein took playful jabs at the Abstract Expressionist gesture, other Pop artists used the impact of consumer good labels and military imagery to make a direct critique on mass consumption or political statements.
Pop art movement in the US (article) | Khan Academy
This spirit of rebellion took root in the art world, too, as many young artists at the time felt that what they were taught at art school and what they saw in museums had little to do with their lives and the culture that surrounded them. In protest, they turned to sources like pop music, product packaging like the Campbell's soup cancomic books, and Hollywood movies, taking the imagery of mass-production to create art that critiqued and subverted it.
And Pop art was born. What was different about American Pop art?
Surrounded by the products of consumer culture, American Pop artists were inspired by what they saw and experienced living within that culture. In the United States, the Pop style was seen as a return to representational art, or art that depicted the visual world in a recognisable way.
In the previous decades, American post-war art had been dominated by the Abstract Expressionistswho as their name suggests used expressive gestures and abstract, non-representational imagery.
By using impersonal, mundane imagery, pop artists also wanted to move away from the emphasis on personal feelings and personal symbolism that characterised abstract expressionism. Lichtenstein makes us think about the paradox of being an artist -- someone who we often think of using their hands to make something -- in an age of mechanically produced and printed images. Artists like Ed Ruscha stuck to traditional media like painting but incorporated words, images, and phrases that evoked '60s life and culture like the gas station at the top of this page.
With its emphasis on recognisable forms and experimentation with new media, Pop art paved the way for later artists to explore questions about the conceptual nature of art, its form, its relationship to mass production, and its relationship to the everyday things around us. It created a precedent for artists to consider directly how they engage with their own cultures, helping to set the stage for contemporary art to address, critique, and deconstruct the world around us.