What is the difference between Qsp and Ksp? | Socratic
Feb 25, Well, Ksp is an actual equilibrium constant, that is experimentally measured. ;s only relationship to Morgan Stanley is the licensing of the GS & Co. has no obligation or liability in connection with the administration, X?IO\`P4^ _9^U&_BN8_"GQLMOAS)?# M3S\9;OX9ZC%\,;>5KD6OVF[UA+M[NUT\2-\TTEBK (,^9&H! FZM[S3Y_%&GN[QSP`XBN+#0+N-7%MHB&& M_P!44%K\VED. Qsp is the solubility priduct of the concentration of ions in solution of a dissolving ionic solid. Ksp is the solubility product of the concentration of ions in solution at EQUILIBRIUM with the dissolving ionic solid. If Qsp is greater than Ksp if the solid at a certain.
The liquid portion of that system has the soluble solutes. The Ksp of that solution represents the equilibrium between these soluble and insoluble forms.
The factors affecting the value of solubility product constant are temperature, the presence of common ions, pH or acidityetc. When the temperature is increased, the solubility of solid precipitate also increases. Then the product of concentrations of ionic species increases, resulting in a high value of solubility product constant. The presence of a common ion is described by the common ion effect.
When a common ion is present, the Ksp is decreased. A common ion means one of the ionic species that are already present in that solution. Ksp of a BaSO4 Saturated Solution When one of these ions are added from an external source, then the above equilibrium shifts towards the left-hand side a more insoluble form of the substance is formed decreasing the amount of ions present in the solutiondecreasing the solubility of that substance.
Qsp is the solubility product quotient of a solution. It describes the current state of a solution. This means Qsp is given for an unsaturated before saturationsaturated or a supersaturated solution. The Qsp is also called the ion product because it is the product of concentrations of ionic species at any moment not at a specific moment such as saturation.
Difference Between Ksp and Qsp
Therefore, Ksp the solubility product constant is a special form of Qsp. What is the Relationship Between Ksp and Qsp? If the Qsp value is less than the Ksp for a substance in a solution, more solids can be dissolved in that solution. When the Qsp and Ksp have equal values, then the solution has become saturated. If the Qsp is higher than the value of Ksp, a precipitate is formed.
In addition, if rates generally increase over the term of the securities, it is more likely that the contingent coupon, if any, could be less than the yield one might receive based on market rates at that time. This would have the further effect of decreasing the value of your securities both nominally in terms of below-market coupons and in real value terms.
homework - Solubility of Silver Nanoparticles - Chemistry Stack Exchange
Furthermore, it is possible that you will not receive some or all of the contingent coupons over the term of the securities, and still lose your principal amount.
Even if you do receive some or all of your principal amount at maturity, you will not be compensated for the time value of money. These securities are not short-term investments, so you should carefully consider these risks before investing. The greater the expected volatility with respect to an Underlying on the Trade Date, the higher the expectation as of the Trade Date that the level of such Underlying could be less than i its Coupon Barrier Level on any Observation Date or ii its Knock-In Level on the Valuation Date, indicating a higher expected risk of loss on the securities.
This greater expected risk will generally be reflected in a higher Contingent Coupon Rate than the yield payable on our conventional debt securities with a similar maturity, or in more favorable terms such as lower Coupon Barrier Levels or Knock-In Levels than for similar securities linked to the performance of an Underlying with a lower expected volatility as of the Trade Date.
You should therefore understand that a relatively higher Contingent Coupon Rate may indicate an increased risk of loss. Further, relatively lower Coupon Barrier Levels or Knock-In Levels may not necessarily indicate that you will receive a contingent coupon on any Contingent Coupon Payment Date or that the securities have a greater likelihood of a return of principal at maturity.
The volatility of any Underlying can change significantly over the term of the securities. The levels of the Underlyings for your securities could fall sharply, which could result in a significant loss of principal. You should be willing to accept the downside market risk of the Underlyings and the potential to lose a significant amount of your principal at maturity. Even if the Final Level of each Underlying is greater than its Initial Level, you will not participate in the appreciation of any Underlying.
If a Trigger Event occurs, the securities will be automatically redeemed and you will receive a cash payment equal to the principal amount of the securities you hold and the contingent coupon payable on the immediately following Contingent Coupon Payment Date, and no further payments will be made in respect of the securities. In this case, you will lose the opportunity to continue to be paid contingent coupons from the Automatic Redemption Date to the scheduled Maturity Date.
We will make no adjustments to the Physical Delivery Amount to account for any such fluctuation and you will bear the risk of any decrease in the value of the Physical Delivery Amount between the Valuation Date and the Maturity Date.
What is the difference between Qsp and Ksp?
As such, the securities will perform poorly if only one of the Underlyings performs poorly. For example, if one Underlying appreciates from its Initial Level to its Final Level, but the Final Level of the Lowest Performing Underlying is less than its Knock-In Level, you will be exposed to the depreciation of the Lowest Performing Underlying and will not benefit from the performance of any other Underlying.
Each additional Underlying to which the securities are linked increases the risk that the securities will perform poorly. By investing in the securities, you assume the risk that i the Final Level of at least one of the Underlyings will be below its Knock-In Level and ii a Coupon Barrier Event occurs with respect to at least one of the Underlyings on one or more Observation Dates, regardless of the performance of any other Underlying.
It is impossible to predict the relationship between the Underlyings.
solubility product constant: Topics by posavski-obzor.info
If the performances of the Underlyings exhibit no relationship to each other, it is more likely that one of the Underlyings will cause the securities to perform poorly.
Furthermore, to the extent that each Underlying represents a different market segment or market sector, the risk of one Underlying performing poorly is greater. As a result, you are not only taking market risk on each Reference Share Issuer and its businesses, you are also taking a risk relating to the relationship between each Reference Share Issuer and Underlying to others.
You should make your own investigation into the Underlyings and the Reference Share Issuers. In connection with the offering of the securities, neither we nor our affiliates have participated in the preparation of any publicly available documents or made any due diligence inquiry with respect to the Reference Share Issuers.
We or our affiliates may also trade in the Underlyings or instruments related to the Underlyings from time to time. Any of these hedging or trading activities on or prior to the Trade Date and during the term of the securities could adversely affect our payment to you at maturity. The Price to Public of the securities includes any discounts or commissions as well as transaction costs such as expenses incurred to create, document and market the securities and the cost of hedging our risks as issuer of the securities through one or more of our affiliates which includes a projected profit.