Karna (Sanskrit: कर्ण, IAST: Karṇa), also known as Vasusena, Anga-Raja, Sutaputra and Radheya, is one of the major characters in the Hindu epic Mahābhārata. He is the son of Surya (the Sun deity) and princess Kunti (later the Pandava .. Through his relationship to his mother Kunti, all Vrishnis on Krishna's side will. There was no dispute between Kunti and Gandhari. After King Pandu's death, Kunti Answered Apr 18, · Author has answers and k answer views. A daughter of the Yadava prince Sura adopted by Kumibhoja, and mother of the Pandavas. posavski-obzor.info, k. An annual feast in honour of Kunti. T-c3j= wj!3j, etc.
Draupadi too never likes Karna thereafter. Karna later regrets this anger and outburst. There, Karna uses the choicest words to insult Draupadi, then recommends a form of sexual assault where she is dragged and publicly disrobed, an injury with insult that takes the bitterness of Pandavas for Karna to much more emotional level from what previously was a dispute about respective martial prowess. Later, in a quieter moment with Krishna such as in section 5.
The first meeting is with Krishna, the second where his biological mother Kunti comes to meet him for the first time. Krishna starts by complimenting Karna for knowing "the Vedas and the subtlety of the dharmasastras".
He then requests his support to end the cascading cycle of violence and war. Krishna tells Karna that Kunti is his biological mother and Pandavas are his half-brothers. Through his relationship to his mother Kunti, all Vrishnis on Krishna's side will also recognize him and be his tributary, he can be the emperor with power over everyone. Yudhisthira will hold the fan for him as he sits in the throne, Bhima his umbrella, and the common wife of the Pandavas — Draupadi too — says Krishna, will sleep with him, [note 8] after some time, were Karna to press his status as the eldest biological Pandava brother, end the war and rule the world.
Karna replies that though he was born from Kunti, it was the wife of a charioteer "Radha who gave him love and sustenance", and that makes her his real mother. He is already married, says Karna, he has two sons and now grandsons, all because his father Adhiratha helped him settle into his married life.
He shall betray no one, remain loyal to those who love him, including his friend Duryodhana, with whom he has been in allegiance for thirteen years. It is not "blood ties" that matter, but how someone treats you over a period of time that does. He made a promise to Duryodhana and he will keep it. It is his duty to fight Arjuna.
Krishna left it to her to choose between Karna and her five other sons. Kunti then went to meet Karna, finds him praying. After he finished his prayers to Surya, Karna meets Kunti for the first time in his adult life.
He greets her he now already knows her to be his biological mother. Kunti then confesses that he is her firstborn. Surya also appears and confirms Kunti's story, and suggests that he follow her. He reiterates that he loves the parents who raised him, they love him, and he will remain loyal to his lifelong relationships.
No one should abandon those who give respect and affection, says Karna in these Mahabharata verses. The war momentum shall continue and he aims to kill Arjuna. Karna promised to Kunti that he will not kill any of his other four half-brothers, but either "Arjuna or I" shall die and she can still say she has five sons just as she did all her life.
In parallel, Arjuna's brothers and Indra — the father of Arjuna and a major Vedic deity — plan ways to make Karna mortal.
Karna disregards this warning and says that if the king of gods Indra comes to beg before him, and if he charitably gives to Indra, it will bring him "renown and fame", then argues that "fame is more important to him than anything else".
Karna - Wikipedia
The leader of gods in return praises him and gives him a missile that can only be used once and will kill any mortal or immortal. By the thirteenth day of the Mahabharata war, numerous soldiers, kings, brothers and sons of Kauravas Karna's side and Pandavas Arjuna's side had been killed, many by foul means. On the fourteenth day, Arjuna took revenge of his own son's death, while Bhima and his son Ghatotkacha wreaked havoc on numerous Kaurava battalions.
The war that previously started after sunrise and stopped at sunset, did not stop on the fourteenth day's sunset as both armies continued a ferocious war to kill each other. Karna hurls the "Indra missile" to kill Ghatotkacha. Karna thus saves his reputation among his soldiers, launches the missile and kills Ghatotkacha.
Duryodhana and Kaurava army rejoice with the death of Bhima's son Ghatotkacha, but now Karna had exhausted the weapon that gave him an advantage over Arjuna. Above is the scene at the 12th-century Hoysaleswara TempleKarnataka. The South Indian king considers it below his dignity to be a mere charioteer and starts insulting Karna, who retaliates with words.
Duryodhana intervenes, praises both, presses Shalya to guide the chariot for the critical battle.
Since all previous commanders of Duryodhana had been killed, he anoints Karna as the senapati commander of all his forces for the first time. Karna and Shalya head into the battlefield together, though they keep insulting each other's abilities and intent, lack mutual devotion and teamwork.
They battle that day, each showing his martial skills of attack as well as his ability to neutralize all weapons that reach their chariot. Karna steps out of his chariot and is distracted while trying to unstick it. Arjuna — whose own son was killed by the Kauravas a day ago while he was trying to unstick his chariot's wheel — takes this moment to launch the fatal attack. According to McGrath, the Vedic mythology is loaded with the legendary and symbolism-filled conflict between Surya sun and Indra clouds, thunder, rain.
The attributed author of Mahabharata, the sage Vyasawas also born from an unwed union of Satyavati and sage Parashara. Both Karna and Kumbhakarna did not take part in the great wars of their respective epics at the start. Karna's kawach breastplate armour has been compared with that of Achilles 's Styx -coated body and with Irish warrior Ferdiad 's skin that could not be pierced. He has been compared to the Greek mythological part divine, part human character Achilles on various occasions as they both have divine powers but lack corresponding status.
It is not an atomistic or compartmentalized concept, rather incorporates "ways of living, ways of seeing and ways of relating to life's ultimate issues", according to Matilal. Karna chooses loyalty to his lifelong friend and "good policy based on his heart" to be of higher value than accepting Krishna's recommendation that he switch sides and become the king as the eldest son of Kunti based on dharmasastras.
We want them to be treated with respect as equals. The Mahabharata is not content simply to point out the weaknesses of human beings. Karna has to be 'the wrong person in the wrong place' — this is what Karna symbolizes to many minds today. Life may have been unfair to Karna but he rises above pity. Despite his flaws we admire him. On the Subtle Art of Dharma  abridged Circumstances and subjective morality As the Karna story unfolds, similar to other stories in epic,  it raises moral dilemmas.
With each dilemma, the Mahabharata presents various sides and shades of answers through the characters. According to Bimal Matilal, the characters face a "choice between irreconcilable obligations", between two good or two poor choices, where complex circumstances must be considered. These circumstances make the evaluation of the choices complicated and a decision difficult, subjective. Under these circumstances, there is an inherent subjective weighing of one moral duty against another.
During violence and war, where all sides are motivated in part by their own beliefs in what constitutes righteousness, coupled with anger, frustration, and fear, the circumstances are ever more complex, actions irreversible, choices difficult. The choices made by Karna and his opponents must then be reflected upon both in terms of the circumstances and the mesh of multiple relative goods or bads, by characters each with different combinations of human strengths and weaknesses. No act, states Woods, on this earth "is wholly good or wholly bad".
According to Das, all of the epic's characters including Karna do good deeds, foul deeds, and they are "ineradicable mixture of good and evil". Karna is a mirror with "insights into human nature" and how circumstances have the ability to shape human behavior and one's personality. Karna is not evil, just a misfit or a rebel, an inspiring character if viewed from one set of values and an abnormal character from another set of values.
Other characters in the epic, on both sides, present the same conflicted hues of human behavior in difficult circumstances. The reader and epic's audience can empathize with his psychology, as well as the psychology and the counter-behavior of his victims.
But, as a result of Kindama's curse, he died. Madri committed sati as she was the cause of his death.
Kunti stood helplessly in the forest with her children. After the death of Pandu and Madri, Kunti took care of all five Pandava children, taking them back to Hastinapur. As the rivalry culminates between Pandavas and Kauravas, she decides to go back to Kunti Bhoja.
But her attempt was stopped by Bhishma. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. February Learn how and when to remove this template message When the Pandavas returned to Hastinapur, there was a succession crisis. Duryodhana claimed to be the next heir for the kingdom.
Dhritarashtra named Yudhishthira as his heir, enraging Duryodhana. With the help of ShakuniDuryodhana planned to burn the Pandavas and Kunti in a Lakshagraha while they were on a festival at Varnavat. But with early warning and aid from Vidurathe Pandavas and Kunti fake their death and escape the burning house.
They travel the countryside, disguised as brahmins. During their stay at EkachakraKunti and the Pandavas came to know of a demon, Bakasurawho ate people. Villagers had to send one member of their family and food to Bakasura, who devour both. When Kunti heard the cries of a Brahmin - who had provided her and her sons shelter in Ekachakra, Kunti consoled him and suggested that instead of a Brahmin's family, her son Bhima would face the demon.
Kunti engineered a plot where Bhima would be able to face and kill the demon. The powerful Bhima brought his might to the fore and defeated Bakasura.
Later, Bhima slays the rakshasa Hidimba and he is beseeched by HidimbaaHidimba's sister, to wed her. Bhima is reluctant, but Kunti ordered Bhima to marry Hidimba seeing merit in the woman. Hidimba would go on to birth Ghatotkachawho later takes part in the Kurukshetra War. The Pandavas attended the swayamvara of Draupadi in Panchala. Arjuna was able to win Draupadi 's hand.
The Pandavas returned to their hut and said that they have bought alms signifying Kanyadan. Kunti misunderstood them and asked the Pandavas to share whatever they had brought. Kunti was shocked after realizing the implications of her words, and scolds her children for treating a woman like alms.
Kunti - Wikipedia
However, Draupadi forgives Kunti as it was her Draupadi's very own karma that made Kunti give such orders and she accepts this as her fate. Return and game of dice[ edit ] The Pandavas and Kunti are invited back to the kingdom and the kingdom is shared with Kauravas. When the Pandavas lose the kingdom in a dice game and are forced to go into exile for thirteen years, Kunti is forced by King Dhritarashtra to remain in the capital thereby separating the sons from the mother Act of vengeance by Dhritarashtra.
Portrayal in the Mahabharata[ edit ] In most tellings of the MahabharataKunti is depicted as a mild mannered woman with high moral and social values.
She constantly guides and suggest her sons on their actions and keeps the family bound as one, never to have them fight among each other. She is said to have a great amount of respect for her brother-in-law Dhritarashtra and Vidura and for Dhritarashtra's wife Gandhari. She is also said to have an affectionate relationship with her daugter-in-law Draupadi. However, several versions of the Mahabharata depict her to be shrewd and calculative.