Syntactic Similarities between Tamil and Korean | Natarajan Murugaiyan - posavski-obzor.info
“See, you can find the relation between Tamil and Japanese even in my name. Kam means Kama in Tamil,” the professor said. (Kama is god of. Dravido-Koreo-Japonic or Dravido-Koreanic is a disputed language family proposal which links the living or proto-Dravidian language to Korean and (in some versions) Japanese. A genetic link between the Dravidian language family and Korean was first Akira Fujiwara support a genetic relation between Japanese and Dravidian. Similarities between Japanese and Dravidian had been first pointed out in the A Study on the Relationship between Tamil and Japanese (I.J.D.L., Vol.
In Korean all modifiers such as adjectivesadverbs, numerals, relative clauses, subordinate or co-ordinate clauses, determiners or genitive constructions 3 must precede the element they modify.
The illustrative exampes given below and the explanations offered will make clear the predicate or verb final nature of both the languages namely Korean and Tamil. In these languages the relative and other clauses as well as the modifiers such as adjectives and adverbs appear before the verb i. In the examples given below serve as illustration for the statement made above: The examples given below will illustrate the fact that Korean and Tamil are OV languages.
Peter H, Lee Joan the lunch eats Joan eats the lunch.
Japanese and Dravidian (日本語とドラヴィダ語)
The Korean sentence given below will further be an example for supporting the view that Korean is a verb final or OV language. They describe agglutinating languages as follows: In agglutinating languages, various morphemes are combined to form a single word, each element maintains a distinct and fixed meaning. In such languages, prefixes, suffixes and even infixes are used over and over again to build new words. They usually keep their same phonological shape, except for phonetic changes resulting from the regular phonological rules of the language.
In po-si-ot-kes-sum-ni-da [a respectable person] may have been seenfor instance the passive verb stem po-i: As the adjectives in both the languages precede their modifiers, aju comes before ppalli and ati comes before vekamaka.
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In both the sentences the head word is found at the end of the clause while it is found at the beginning of the relative clause. Kajji and kku are post-positions in both the languages, Korean and Tamil.
Korean and Tamil make use of postpositions in the form of particles in Korean and as case markers in Tamil. The first thing that struck me about Japanese was its similarity with my native language, Tamil, a South Indian Dravidian language.
I could translate almost word for word, particle for particle, and sometimes even idom for idiom between the two languages! Having studied a few other languages in school and college, including Sanskrit, Hindi, English, and ein bischen Deutsch, I have been hard pressed to find such striking grammatical resemblances even amongst these four languages even though it is well-established that they are all part of the same Indo-Aryan language family.Similarities Between Tamil and Indonesian
The more I learn, and investigate, the more I feel convinced that not just the Japanese and Tamil languages, but the cultures as well share striking similarities. Now, if you, like me, were barely awake during geography lessons in high school, you may be interested to know that Japan and South India are separated by well over miles of land and sea.
So how could these similarities have come about?
In Tamil this would be: Corresponding English words in Tamil word-order: Neko ni tabemono wo yarimashita. Corresponding English words in Japanese word-order: Consider the following sentence: Mike raised the cat that chased the mouse that ate the cheese that was rotten.
Relationship between Tamil and Japanese
Mike valarttha poonai thuratthiya eli pusittha cheesu oosi irundadu. So how did this linguistic relationship between Tamil and Japanese arise? Japanese is a relative of the Ural-Altaic language family. Other languages in this group include Korean, Mongolian, and more distantly, Hungarian, Turkish, Estonian and Finnish. There is speculation that Dravidian may also be related to the Uralic-Altaic languages.
One hypothesis is that there was once a proto Uralic-Altaic-Japonic-Dravidian language widespread across Europe and Asia. The rapid spread of Indo-European languages led to these languages being completely replaced across large swathes of Europe and Asia. Isolated from each other, these languages — including Tamil and Japanese — resisted replacement and gradually evolved independently into their current form.