Relationship between us and soviet union cold war timeline

Cold War History - HISTORY

relationship between us and soviet union cold war timeline

United States Relations with Russia: The Cold War. Chronology the Truman Doctrine that would serve to justify the U.S. Cold War policy of containment. Timeline of the Cold War from 3rd July, to the governments of the U.S. and Diplomatic relations restored between West Germany and the Soviet Union. This article provides a Cold War timeline covering all the events of U.S.-Russia global competition, from World War Two to the end of the USSR.

February Discussions on the reunification of Germany: June 2nd Bush-Gorbachev summit in Washington, reunification of Germany discussed, but no agreements signed; the following day ethnic violence breaks out in the Soviet Kyrgyz republic then Kirghizia, now Kyrgyzstanleaving hundreds dead.

September-October German reunification: Reunification is completed by October. December Gorbachev wins the Nobel Peace Prize. January Crackdowns on independence movements in Latvia and Lithuania, which turn deadly. February Warsaw Pact is disbanded. September Bush announces initiatives on unilateral reductions of non-strategic nuclear weapons.

December Nunn-Lugar bill on cooperative nuclear threat reduction is signed by Bush into law, after being passed by the Senate in November.

December Dissolution of the Soviet Union: The resignation of Gorbachev on Dec. A joint proclamation is issued, stating that the U. On March 24, it extends diplomatic recognition to Georgia.

U.S. Department of State

April Belarus announces the completion of the withdrawal to Russia of all tactical nuclear warheads deployed on Belarusian territory. May By May, all tactical nuclear weapons are moved from Ukraine to Russia. Ukraine, Belarus and Kazakhstan all commit to eliminate all strategic nuclear delivery vehicles from their territories.

relationship between us and soviet union cold war timeline

June Bush-Yeltsin summit in Washington: Bush and Yeltsin agree to continue START process; set goal of reducing nuclear forces by 3, warheads by Yeltsin is initially very reluctant to negotiate this reduction, seeing it as benefitting the U.

Bush had previously proposed that Moscow give up its land-based, multiple-warhead ballistic missiles. The Kremlin counters with a proposal for the two sides to reduce their arsenals to 2, warheads each, and to give up their land-based and sea-launched multiple-warhead missiles.

Both states declare bilateral support for U. July Yeltsin attends G7 meeting in Munich and meets privately with Bush. Yeltsin announces that Russia will soon begin to withdraw troops from the Baltics. By the end of phase 2neither is to have more than 3, warheads to be completed by April Yeltsin-Clinton summit in Vancouver: First meeting between Yeltsin and U. January Yeltsin-Clinton summit in Moscow: Clinton and Yeltsin also agree that the sovereignty of former Soviet states should be respected, as well as rights of Russian speakers in the Baltics, though Yeltsin opposes any early accession of Central European countries to NATO.

Leaders of Ukraine, Russia and the U. February First joint U.

Highlights in the History of U.S. Relations With Russia, June

March Russian troops leave Germany. May Moscow Declaration implemented: September Yeltsin-Clinton summit in Washington: The Partnership for Economic Progress is created, opening new paths for bilateral trade and economic development.

relationship between us and soviet union cold war timeline

No resolution is reached on Bosnian conflict or Iranian cooperation; Moscow states it will keep its existing contracts with Iran. Involves assurances by the U. These assurances are a key factor in persuading Ukraine, Belarus and Kazakhstan to eliminate their nuclear arsenals. April Kazakhstan returns all nuclear warheads to Russia. Yeltsin proposes that Moscow build nuclear reactors in Iran; Clinton objects. January The U. April Yeltsin-Clinton summit in Moscow: NATO asserts that it will continue to expand.

All parties agree to work toward a solution for the Bosnian conflict. March Yeltsin-Clinton summit in Helsinki: Yeltsin notes that NATO expansion is inevitable, and Russia will just have to mitigate any negative consequences that stem from expansion. June September Yeltsin-Clinton summit in Moscow: Both leaders agree to implement the Convention on the Prohibition of Biological Weapons.

Timeline of US-Russia Relations (Feb. ) | Russia Matters

Yeltsin says Russia is against the use of force in Iraq, Kosovo and Afghanistan. Yeltsin states that Russia is not dependent on Western economic aid, but does welcome increased Western investment and continued aid from the U. The joint international project to establish a manned space station begins with launch of Russian-built control module on Nov. August Vladimir Putin is appointed prime minister of Russia.

Army under the direction of rocket scientist Wernher von Braun, and what came to be known as the Space Race was underway. That same year, President Dwight Eisenhower signed a public order creating the National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASAa federal agency dedicated to space exploration, as well as several programs seeking to exploit the military potential of space.

Still, the Soviets were one step ahead, launching the first man into space in April Kennedy made the bold public claim that the U.

Soviets, in turn, were pictured as the ultimate villains, with their massive, relentless efforts to surpass America and prove the power of the communist system. The committee began a series of hearings designed to show that communist subversion in the United States was alive and well. In HollywoodHUAC forced hundreds of people who worked in the movie industry to renounce left-wing political beliefs and testify against one another.

More than people lost their jobs. Soon, other anticommunist politicians, most notably Senator Joseph McCarthyexpanded this probe to include anyone who worked in the federal government. Thousands of federal employees were investigated, fired and even prosecuted.

Cold War History

The Cold War Abroad The fight against subversion at home mirrored a growing concern with the Soviet threat abroad. Many American officials feared this was the first step in a communist campaign to take over the world and deemed that nonintervention was not an option. Truman sent the American military into Korea, but the war dragged to a stalemate and ended in Other international disputes followed.

In the early s, President Kennedy faced a number of troubling situations in his own hemisphere. However, what was intended to be a brief military action spiraled into a year conflict. The Close of the Cold War Almost as soon as he took office, President Richard Nixon began to implement a new approach to international relations.

To that end, he encouraged the United Nations to recognize the communist Chinese government and, after a trip there inbegan to establish diplomatic relations with Beijing. Inhe and Soviet premier Leonid Brezhnev signed the Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty SALT Iwhich prohibited the manufacture of nuclear missiles by both sides and took a step toward reducing the decades-old threat of nuclear war.

Like many leaders of his generation, Reagan believed that the spread of communism anywhere threatened freedom everywhere. As a result, he worked to provide financial and military aid to anticommunist governments and insurgencies around the world.

This policy, particularly as it was applied in the developing world in places like Grenada and El Salvador, was known as the Reagan Doctrine.