Relationship that exist between sociology and education

relationship that exist between sociology and education

This definition is what sets sociology apart from the other social sciences. Education discusses personal development in learning, how to instruct and. Relation between sociology and education Social Education as a process and an idea exists within a societal context. Whether. RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SOCIOLOGY AND EDUCATION posavski-obzor.infoN, Principal, Hill Valley College of Education for WomenThrikkakara, Kochi, Kerala, .

Anyone who fails to achieve this goal, according to the myth, has to blame himself; not the social inequality and unfavourable educational. Conflict theorists believe this social reproduction is a cyclic process because the whole education system is flooded with ideologies provided by the dominant group. According to this theory people always tries to go up in level of society. Thus this theory promotes social mobility.

Sociology of Education

Cultural capital denotes the accumulation of knowledge, experience,skills one has had through the course of their life that enables him to succeed more so than someone from a less experienced background. Pierre Bourdieu a sociologist has further elaborated the social reproduction theory and developed the relation between the structure educational institutions and the learners. Bourdieu has built his theoretical framework around the important concepts of cultural capital.

The Relationship of Sociology with Other Social Sciences

This concepts is based on the idea that social structures educational institutions particularly determine individuals' chances, through the mechanism of the cultural capital.

Bourdieu used the idea of cultural capital to explore the differences in outcomes for students from different classes. He explored the conflict between the orthodox reproduction and the innovative production of knowledge and experience. He found that this conflict is intensified by considerations of which particular cultural capital is to be conserved and reproduced in schools.

Bourdieu argues that it is the culture of the dominant groups, and therefore their cultural capital, which is embodied in schools, and that this leads to social reproduction. The cultural capital of the dominant group, in the form of practices and relation to culture, is assumed by the school to be the natural and only proper type of cultural capital and is therefore legitimated.

Students who possess this legitimate cultural capital gain educational capital in the form of qualifications.

Learner having cultural capital different from accepted cultural capital are therefore disadvantaged. To gain qualifications they must acquire legitimate cultural capital, by exchanging their own lower-class cultural capital. This exchange is not straight forward and easy. They have to act also against their instincts and expectations. Their expectations and instinct influenced by the cultural capital found in the school, also helps in social reproduction by encouraging less-privileged students to eliminate themselves from the system as drop outs.

That is why still,only a small number of less-privileged students achieve success. And majority of these students who get success at education had to incorporate the values of the dominant classes and use them as their own.

The Relationship of Sociology with Other Social Sciences

The process of social reproduction is not perfect and very few learners gets success to overcome the barrier of cultural capital;but most of them fails to do so. Therefore Bourdieu's perspective reveals how structures play an important role in determining individual achievement in school. This also allows for an individual to overcome these barriers. We can say Bourdieu's has combined the structural functionalism and conflict theory in his cultural capital concept.

Both functionalism and conflict theories have meaning and place in Education. Structural function opposes social mobility. Conflict theory favours social mobility. Rich cultural capital helps in better educational outcome. Most disadvantaged social group decides the common values of Educational institutions. It is a miniature form of society. You can find various group like group of learners boys and girls ,group of teacher male and female ,group of non teaching staff.

Various roles are played in educational institutions like Evaluation peer evaluation, tutor evaluation, evaluation of teacher by learner etc. Teacher play role of Judge evaluation ,helper help learner in achieving objective ,detective find out the law breaker ,Idol promotimg values. The environment of educational institution is a complex one and various issues like gender,Social background,language technology,ideology interplay in a complex social milieu at micro within institution and macro broad perspective level.

Let us go through these issues in brief. We know that learning is a process resulting from the communication interaction between learner and teacher. So you can understand what importance language have in education. In a single language society where one language is used there is no concern of language of education at local level.

But in a bigger social sphere global again language issue comes. But in a multilingual society the issue of language selection comes at both local and global level.

We can see hues and cry over the language issue in schools. In India we opt to put our children in English medium schools though our mother tongue is not English. Non English speaking student need extra effort to get the better results. Gender differs from sex. Sex is a biological state that defines being male or female.

Gender is the social difference a person face due to his sex. Did you notice the gender issue;I have used his not her. Our is a male dominated society and this reflects in educational institutions also. We have some of the indexes which indicates the social biases in all sphere of education like language and literature of texts, male female ratio of learners,teachers.

You can find the status of gender issue in your institution by calculating these indexes. As well you can decide these indexes by including these issues at policy making stage. The term ideology of education is a complex one. This can be defined as the set of common agreed ideas and beliefs based on which the formal arrangement for education is made.

Ideology is deciding factor at every level of educational activities. Ideology affects curriculum,flow of order in institution,teaching methods. Curriculum have the strong impression of Idealism,Pragmatism,Essentialism,Reconstructionism,Existentialism. Generally no single philosophy guides curriculum but the mixture of philosophies guides the curriculum. Any educational institution can have any Teaching learning strategies or the mixture of them.

You can adopt democratic or authoritarian way of giving instructions. It also studies the structure and functions of different economic organizations like banks, markets etc. It is concerned with the material needs of man as well as his material welfare.

However, there exists a great deal of inter-relationship between these two sciences. Both are interdependent and inter-related with each other.

Their inter-relationships are as follows: Economics takes the help of Sociology. For its own comprehension economics takes the help of sociology and depends on it. Economics is concerned with material welfare of man which is common welfare. Economic welfare is a part of social welfare.

For the solution of different economic problems such as inflation, poverty, unemployment etc. At the same time society controls the economic activities of man. Economics is greatly benefited by the research conducted by Sociologists like Max-weber, Pareto etc. Some economists also consider economic change as an aspect of social change. Economic draws its generalization basing on the data provided by Sociology. Thus economics cannot go far or develop without the help of Sociology.

Similarly Sociology also takes the help from economics. Economics greatly enriches sociological knowledge. An economic factor greatly influences each and every aspects of social life.

Knowledge and research in the field of economics greatly contributes to sociology. Each and every social problem has an economic cause. For the solution of social problems like dowry, suicide etc.

Sociologists take the help from economics. Marx opines economic relations constitute the foundation of Society. Economic factors play a very important role in every aspect of our social life that is why Sociologists concerned with economic institutions. For this reason Sociologists like Spencer, Weber, Durkheim and others have taken the help from economics in their analysis of social relationships.

Thus both sociology and economics are very closely related with each other. There are some problems which are being studied by both sociologists and economists.

Economic changes results in social changes and vice versa. However, inspite of the above closeness, inter-relationship and inter-dependence both the sciences have certain differences which are described below: Hence it is closely related to other social sciences and so also with psychology. Sociology and Psychology are very closely interlinked interrelated and interdependent.

Relationship between the two is so close and intimate that Psychologist like Karl Pearson refuses to accept both as special science. Both depend on each other for their own comprehension.

Their relationship will be clear if we analyze their inter-relationship and mutual dependency. Sociology is a science of social phenomena and social relationship. It is a science of social group and social institutions. It is a science of collective behavior.

It studies human behavior in groups. But psychology is a science of mind or mental processes. It is a science of human behavior. It analyses attitudes, emotions, perception, process of learning and values of individuals and process of personality formation in society. Sociology receives help from Psychology.


There are many psychologists like Freud, MacDougal and others who have enrich Sociology in many respects. They opines that the whole social life could be reduced finally to psychological forces. Each and every social problems and social phenomenon must have a psychological basis for the solution of which sociology requires the help from psychology.

A new branch of knowledge has developed with the combination of sociology and psychology which is known as social psychology. Similarly, psychology depends on Sociology to comprehend itself fully. Psychology also requires help from sociology in many cases. As human mind and personality is being influenced by social environment, culture, customs and traditions hence psychology take the help from Sociology to understand this.

To understand human nature and behaviour properly psychology depends on sociology. There are many Psychological problems which must have a Social Cause. Psychology requires the help from Sociology to understand these social problems.

A research in Sociology richly contributes to psychology. Contributions and theories of many Sociologists also are of great help to Psychologists. Thus Sociology and Psychology are mutually dependent on each other. Besides there are some common area of study such as social disorganization, public opinion etc. Social Psychology a branch of Psychology is developed with the combination of the two. In the words of Kretch and Crutchfield Social Psychology is the science of behaviour of the individuals in society.

However, inspite of the mutual relationship and dependence both the sciences differ from each other in the following ways. Sociology is the mother of all social sciences. Hence it has close and intimate relationship with Anthropology. The relationship is so close that Anthropologists like A.

relationship that exist between sociology and education

Kroeber consider Sociology and Anthropology as twin sisters. They often appear as two names for the same subject. Reddfield recognizes the closeness between these two social sciences.

relationship that exist between sociology and education

It studies behavior of man in groups. Hence Sociology is concerned with the association of human beings. It is a science that deals with social groups. Accordingly anthropology means study of man. As a science of man it deals with man, his works and behavior. Anthropology studies the biological and cultural development of man. Anthropology has a wide field of study which can be broadly divided into three main divisions such as physical anthropology.

Archeology cultural anthropology and social anthropology. Physical anthropology studies bodily characteristics of early man and thereby try to understand both primitive and modern cultures. Archeology studies cultures of pre-historic period.

This study facilitates sociologists to make a comparative study of present social structure. It is concerned with the early periods of human existence. It reconstructs the origin, spread and evolution of culture by examining the remains of the past societies. Social anthropology deals with the behaviour of man in social institutions.

Social anthropology and sociology are one and the same. Evan Pritchard considers social anthropology as a branch of Sociology. However there exists a very close and intimate relationship between Sociology and Anthropology. Both contribute to the growth of others. Both are mutually related to each other. Of course Sociology studies society whereas anthropology studies man. But as man and society are mutually interrelated hence it is very difficult to distinguish two. However their close relationship can be known from the following.

Anthropology contributes to the growth of Sociology. It is a part of Sociology. Anthropology provides knowledge about ancient societies. To have a comprehensive understanding of present society Sociology takes the help of anthropology. Contributions of many Anthropologists like R. The origin of family, marriage, religion etc. The concepts like cultural area, cultural traits, and cultural lag etc. Similarly, Sociology contributes richly towards the growth of anthropology.

Anthropology accepts many concepts of Sociology. Research and contributions of many Sociologists like Emile Durkheim, Herbert Spencer is of great help to anthropology. Anthropologists greatly benefited by the Sociological researches.

Ideas and conclusions of Sociology contributes to the research in anthropology.