Sierra Leone | U.S. Agency for International Development
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In the early 19th century, Freetown served as the residence of the British governor who also ruled the Gold Coast now Ghana and the Gambia settlements. Sierra Leone served as the educational center of British West Africa as well. For more than a century, it was the only European-style university in western Sub-Saharan Africa.
The colonial history of Sierra Leone was not placid. The indigenous people mounted several unsuccessful revolts against British rule and Krio domination. Most of the 20th century history of the colony was peaceful, however, and independence was achieved without violence.
The constitution provided a framework for decolonization. Local ministerial responsibility was introduced inwhen Sir Milton Margai was appointed Chief Minister.
He became Prime Minister after successful completion of constitutional talks in London in Independence came in Apriland Sierra Leone opted for a parliamentary system within the British Commonwealth. He ultimately abandoned the idea.
Sierra Leone–United States relations - Wikipedia
In closely contested elections in Marchthe APC won a plurality of the parliamentary seats. A group of senior military officers overrode this action by seizing control of the government on March 23, arresting Brigadier Lansana, and suspending the constitution.
Juxon-Smith as its chairman. NRC members were imprisoned, and other army and police officers deposed. Stevens at last assumed the office of Prime Minister under the restored constitution. The return to civilian rule led to by-elections beginning in the fall of and the appointment of an all-APC cabinet.
Tranquillity was not completely restored. In November a state of emergency was declared after provincial disturbances.
Foreign relations of Sierra Leone
In March the government survived an unsuccessful military coup and in Julyit uncovered an alleged military coup plot. The leaders of both were tried and executed. Instudent demonstrations against the government disrupted Sierra Leone politics. Following the adoption of the republican constitution in AprilSiaka Stevens was appointed President of the Republic by the House; he was inaugurated for a second 5-year term in March The first election under the new one-party constitution took place on May 1, Elections in about two-thirds of the constituencies were contested.
Because of irregularities, the government canceled elections in 13 constituencies.
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By-elections took place on June 4, The new cabinet appointed after the election was balanced ethnically between Temnes and Mendes. His accession to the cabinet was viewed by many as a step toward making the APC a true national party. Stevens, who had been head of state of Sierra Leone for 18 years, retired from that position in Novemberalthough he continued his role as chairman of the ruling APC party. Momoh was elected President in a one-party referendum on October 1, A formal inauguration was held in Januaryand new parliamentary elections were held in May In OctoberPresident Momoh set up a constitutional review commission to review the one-party constitution with a view to broadening the existing political process, guaranteeing fundamental human rights and the rule of law, and strengthening and consolidating the democratic foundation and structure of the nation.
Today, thousands of Sierra Leoneans and their descendants reside in the United States. Notably, many descendants of former slaves still reside in the same region and have maintained their unique culture known as Gullah.
Further, nearly two percent of Sierra Leone's population is of Krio heritage, a group of freed slaves historically known for returning to Sierra Leone beginning in the late s from Great Britain and North America. The Special Court for Sierra Leone closed after convicting former Liberian President Charles Taylor of fueling the conflict and conscripting child soldiers.Historical Relationship Between USA and Sierra Leone Explained.
Sierra Leone held two successful elections in anddeclared itself open for foreign investment, and sent peacekeepers to Darfur and Somalia. Sierra Leone joined the Open Government Partnership in As of Augustover 8, Sierra Leoneans have contracted Ebola with over 3, deaths.
The economy, which had experienced a high growth rate before Ebola, contracted due to the outbreak and global drop in prices for its major iron ore exports. Stringent restrictions were put on the operation of markets and businesses, leading to increased unemployment. The outbreak was declared contained in November Since, the government launched an ambitious recovery plan that has received significant donor support.
Sierra Leone has had four successful post-war elections. General elections were held in Sierra Leone on March 7,to elect the President, Parliament, and local councils. Incumbent President Ernest Bai Koroma did not run for another term, as he was constitutionally ineligible, having served the maximum ten years in office.