PDF | Nigerian cities are witnessing high rate of environmental deterioration Theref ore, urban environmental issues will continue to dominant search findings (Okewole, ) in relation to environmental problems due to. According to the Nigerian () census, an urban centre was with the . Egunjobi () believes that, urbanization and environmental problems in Nigeria are . Since till date, the relationship between the percentage of people living. Nigeria. The linkages between urbanization process and the environment are profound that the has created several serious environmental problems, such as pollution, .. need for a proper understanding of this linkage in.
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What are these problems and what can be done to minimize them; let us take a look at the major ones in Nigeria. Housing in Nigeria and urbanization When too many people decide to move to the city, the government can not always be able to provide fair housing for them.
Many specialists have described the living conditions in Nigeria as highly deplorable. The problems mentioned by locals are the high rates of rent, overcrowding and infrastructural inadequacies. It is believed that right after moving to the city, majority of migrants live in slums since they do not have enough money to have better living conditions. The over-crowded cities with poor sanitary conditions and lack of basic facilities cause and increase in crimes and poverty in society.
Settlers cannot afford the high housing rent in the urban areas, therefore they struggle to live in slums, sleep in abandoned houses and sometime even under bridges.
It is true that urbanization has had some positive effects on the building sector, however, it has done more harm than good. Poverty as a result of urbanization Inthe total poverty level in Nigeria increased from The poverty is a big problem, which causes the hunger, depression, the appearance of more homeless people. The children have no access to the education; adults cannot afford the life they want to have.
The Nigerian government has been working on achieving the development goals by Nevertheless, it seems that it is a very hard task to eliminate the extreme poverty and hunger. It is estimated that more than 70 million Nigerians are still living in poverty.
Urbanization, Cities, and Health: The Challenges to Nigeria – A Review
Poverty in the urban areas is even more visible since there are not a lot of job opportunities and infrastructural facilities available for all migrants; it is no wonder the level of poverty has declined in rural areas and increased in urban areas. Crimes and urbanization There is always an increase in the rate of crime in areas where a lot of people live. This increase in crimes usually comes as a result of the different backgrounds of migrants and rapid urbanization.
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Abstract The Nigerian society is rapidly becoming urban as a result of a multitude of push and pull factors. This has generated urban health crises among city dwellers notably the urban poor. A systematic search of published literature in English was conducted between and Published peer review journals, abstracts, Gray literature technical reports, government documents, reports, etc.
Manual search of reference lists of selected articles were checked for further relevant studies. The review showed that the pace of urbanization is unprecedented with cities such as Lagos having annual urban growth rate of 5. Urbanization in Nigeria is mainly demographically driven without commensurate socioeconomic dividends and benefits to the urban environment. This has created urban health crises of inadequate water safe supply, squalor and shanty settlements, sanitation, solid waste management, double burden of diseases and inefficient, congested, and risky transport system.
In conclusion, when managed carefully, urbanization could reduce hardship and human suffering; on the other hand, it could also increase poverty and squalor. Some laws need to be amended to change the status of poor urban settlements. Urban health development requires intersectoral approach with political will and urban renewal program to make our urban societies sustainable that promote healthy living.
At the beginning of the 20th century, just 16 cities in the world mostly in developing nations contained a million people or more. For the first time in history, inmore people live in cities and towns than will be living in rural areas and bythe developing nation is likely to have become more urban in character than rural.
For millennia, urban areas have been centers and drivers of commercial, scientific, political and cultural life, having a major influence on the whole countries and regions.
The Nigerian society is undergoing both demographic transition people are living longer and epidemiological transition change in population health due to changes in lifestyle mainly as a result of urbanization. The country is undergoing rapid urbanization with a rapidly growing population.