What is the relationship between rural and urban settlement

Urban-rural relations

what is the relationship between rural and urban settlement

In this paper, rural-urban interactions are considered as linkages across Today , the physical distance between urban and rural areas forms less and less of a. Human settlements are classified as rural or urban depending on the density of human-created structures and resident people in a particular. Many relationships exist between the urban and rural areas; these linkages are what drive economic, social and cultural transformations.

There is a low density of population in such area.

what is the relationship between rural and urban settlement

The primary source of income of the residents is agriculture and animal husbandry. Cottage Industries also form a chief source of income here. In India, a town whose population is below is considered as rural, as per the planning commission.

what is the relationship between rural and urban settlement

Gram Panchayat is responsible for looking after such areas. Further, there is no municipal board, in the villages and maximum percentage of the male population are engaged in agriculture and related activities. Key Differences Between Urban and Rural The fundamental differences between urban and rural are discussed in the following points: A settlement where the population is very high and has the features of a built environment an environment that provides basic facilities for human activityis known as urban.

Urban & Rural Settlement Geography – GoLearnGeography

Rural is the geographical region located in the outer parts of the cities or towns. The life in urban areas is fast and complicated, whereas rural life is simple and relaxed.

what is the relationship between rural and urban settlement

The Urban settlement includes cities and towns. On the other hand, the rural settlement includes villages and hamlets. There is greater isolation from nature in urban areas, due to the existence of the built environment. Conversely, rural areas are in direct contact with nature, as natural elements influence them. Urban people are engaged in non-agricultural work, i. In contrast, the primary occupation of rural people is agriculture and animal husbandry.

Population wise, urban areas are densely populated, which is based on the urbanisation, i. On the contrary, the rural population is sparse, which has an inverse relationship with agriculturism. In many cities in the UK, such as Birmingham, this zone can be quite easily identified.

Difference Between Urban and Rural (with Comparison Chart) - Key Differences

However in most cases the industry has moved out, leaving the zone empty and in need of renewal. Beyond the zone of transition are the rings of residential housing.

what is the relationship between rural and urban settlement

As people became more wealthy they could afford to live further out of town, in bigger houses, with larger gardens. The houses closest to the centre originally would have housed the workers for the inner city industries. Many British cities still have many of these terraced houses remaining. As people moved away from the CBD, the houses closest to the centre would be taken by newly arrived immigrants to the city, either from elsewhere in the country or abroad. The sector model has a similar idea of a CBD to Burgess.

Urban & Rural Settlement Geography

This is still the area with the highest land price. Hoyt then used transport routes to determine where his other sectors would be located. He still had a zone of transition around the CBD, but he also had industry fanning out from the centre along major transport routes. The lowest class housing would be closest to the industry, and probably be located where the prevailing winds would blow the pollution towards them and away from the higher class housing.

what is the relationship between rural and urban settlement

The high class housing also is in a sector of its own, running all the way from the CBD, where many of the residents would work, to the outer suburbs. This model was aimed at being more specific than the other two, however it also has become more complicated. Harris and Ullman still have a central CBD, but they also have other smaller centres performing specific functions that Hoyt and Burgess decided would have been found in and around the CBD.

Large cities do display some of these characteristics.

Urban Settlement

London has different areas of its centre that have different functions: Transects help you to identify and classify zones, enabling you to compare the characteristics of each area. You can identify the CBD, the older terraced housing, and as you move further from the city centre the newer housing of the suburbs.

The main zones to concentrate on are: The focal point of the city, with the highest land prices. The CBD is where shops will locate as they know it is the most accessible point for the people of the city.

The main functions of the CBD will include retail, entertainment, financial services and other professional services. The inner city in the 19th Century would have been the centre of industry for most cities. Low paid workers would have lived in the many rows of terraced houses that were built beside the factories.

Nowadays, although the factories have gone, many of the terraced houses remain.

Difference Between Urban and Rural

The Inner city of many urban areas has undergone great changes. These are covered in detail in a later section. However once the industry moved out,the inner cities became areas in need of redevelopment. The first plan was to build tall blocks of flats to replace the terraces.

Many suburban houses were built in the period between the two World Wars, during the first half of the 20th century. Estates full of detached and semi-detached houses grew rapidly as public and private transport improvements allowed people to live further away from their place of work.