The secret history of same-sex marriage | Books | The Guardian
Group challenges criminalisation of same-sex relationships in Botswana homophobia and violence against members of the LGBT community. There is no logical or reasonable basis for denying same-sex couples access to secular marriage laws. Opposing the inevitable (marriage. 50 years after Britain's partial decriminalisation of homosexuality, in eight and territories worldwide continue to criminalise same-sex relationships, including 45 buggery and “acts against nature” among others – could lead to a prison on sexual orientation and gender identity issues around the world.
Bishops and legislators take note: Sometimes it seems that female husbands were what we would now call intersex or trans. Long before the modern transgender movement, individuals and communities grappled with the potential fluidity of sex and gender.
It is fitting that the most sensitive interpreter of this fragmentary and opaque evidence, Emma Donoghueis a brilliant novelist as well as a scholar. For, as she explored in her first book, Passions Between Women Scarletalmost nothing about these cases is clear-cut — except the inescapable fact that, even three or four centuries ago, it was not unheard of for two women to cohabit in marriage.
Gay relationships are still criminalised in 72 countries, report finds | World news | The Guardian
From this point on it became increasingly possible for women to live together openly in western society. The growth of cities, the expansion of domestic service, the development of textile trades and the spread of schooling for girls all created new opportunities for unmarried women to travel away from home, make a living and meet one another.
The 18th century also saw a revolution in ideas about male and female sexuality, which created a new cult of female friendship. In poetry, fiction and real life, innocent love between women came to be celebrated on an unprecedented scale — as an elevated and enduring passion, and a crucial support to courtship and marriage.
Gay relationships are still criminalised in 72 countries, report finds
The cultivation of intense same-sex relations became as important to middle- and upper-class womanhood as being a daughter, wife or mother. This was the world into which Charity Bryant was born in She was the youngest child of a Massachusetts doctor — educated, spirited and constantly at odds with her crabby father and domineering stepmother.
When she turned 20, they threw her out, and she became an itinerant schoolteacher. While the production of children may indeed be a feature of many heterosexual marriages the capacity to procreate does not determine the legal validity of such marriages.
There are many married straight couples who cannot biologically have children or who choose not to.
LGBT rights opposition - Wikipedia
The procreation argument ignores the fact that people marry for a wide range of reasons unrelated to procreation including love, friendship and companionship. References to the Bible, the "sinful" nature of homosexuality, and "religious beliefs" are regularly made by those who seek to rationalize their support of discrimination via religion.
Marriage is a religious institution, they argue, and not one for society to tamper with. Given that the U. In order to legally marry there is absolutely no requirement for a religious ceremony to be held. In this sense, marriage is not a religious institution but a socio-legal one governed by the state.
Religious beliefs about marriage should never be enshrined in laws in ways that restrict the freedom of others who do not share those beliefs. They say that efforts to legalize same-sex marriage will fundamentally alter the institution for the worse.
The gay people against gay marriage
History reveals, however, that marriage laws in the U. There was a time when women were the legal property of their husbands.
There was a time when a man and a woman of different races couldn't marry each other. There was even a time when not one country in the world had legalized same-sex marriage! Removing discrimination from the institution of marriage does not redefine "marriage" -- it simply makes the institution more accessible and reflects the evolution of society.
Allowing same-sex couples to marry apparently poses a "threat" to "traditional marriage" as though somehow heterosexual married couples will all be at risk of divorcing when two people of the same sex marry each other.
If those who use the "sanctity" argument were genuinely concerned about the institution of marriage they'd focus their efforts on helping those straight married couples who are at risk of divorcing.
Even before it was establishedthere were advocates for allowing gay people to serve openly in the military. Critics of the policy pointed out that neither unit cohesion nor morale were affected when the UK admitted gay people into the military. A similar comparison has been made to the lack of negative consequences when African-Americans and women were admitted into the military.
Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. November The Boy Scouts of America excludes gay and bisexual people from its organizations, an exclusion enforced commonly for Scoutmasters but also for scouts in leadership positions.
Their rationale is that homosexuality is immoral, and that Scouts are expected to have certain moral standards and values, as the Scout Oath and Scout Law requires boys to be "morally straight".