Relationship - Wikipedia
A committed relationship is an interpersonal relationship based upon a mutually agreed-upon . Not logged in; Talk · Contributions · Create account · Log in. Human bonding is the process of development of a close, interpersonal relationship between in every case it is the higher form of love that brings harmony and cleaves toward the good, whereas the impulsive vulgar love creates disharmony. Affectional bond: define relationships in which neither partner is limerent. The world is personal, and all successful human relationships are based on and authority are 1 posavski-obzor.info(U.S._TV_series) .
Complex harmonies based on extended chords are found in abundance in jazz, late-romantic music, modern orchestral works, film music, etc.
Typically, in the classical Common practice period a dissonant chord chord with tension resolves to a consonant chord. Harmonization usually sounds pleasant to the ear when there is a balance between the consonant and dissonant sounds.
- Committed relationship
- Human bonding
In simple words, that occurs when there is a balance between "tense" and "relaxed" moments. For this reason, usually tension is 'prepared' and then 'resolved',  where preparing tension means to place a series of consonant chords that lead smoothly to the dissonant chord.
In this way the composer ensures introducing tension smoothly, without disturbing the listener.
Rivalry - Wikipedia
Once the piece reaches its sub-climax, the listener needs a moment of relaxation to clear up the tension, which is obtained by playing a consonant chord that resolves the tension of the previous chords. The clearing of this tension usually sounds pleasant to the listener, though this is not always the case in late-nineteenth century music, such as Tristan und Isolde by Richard Wagner.
In a psychological approach, consonance is a continuous variable. Consonance can vary across a wide range. A chord may sound consonant for various reasons. One is lack of perceptual roughness.
Roughness happens when partials frequency components lie within a critical bandwidth, which is a measure of the ear's ability to separate different frequencies. Critical bandwidth lies between 2 and 3 semitones at high frequencies and becomes larger at lower frequencies. The roughness of two simultaneous harmonic complex tones depends on the amplitudes of the harmonics and the interval between the tones. The roughest interval in the chromatic scale is the minor second and its inversion the major seventh.
For typical spectral envelopes in the central range, the second roughest interval is the major second and minor seventh, followed by the tritone, the minor third major sixththe major third minor sixth and the perfect fourth fifth.
The harmonious major triad is composed of three tones. Their frequency ratio corresponds approximately 6: In real performances, however, the third is often larger than 5: Measurements of frequencies in good performances confirm that the size of the major third varies across this range and can even lie outside it without sounding out of tune. Thus, there is no simple connection between frequency ratios and harmonic function.
These differences disappeared after 12—28 months and may reflect the temporary stress and arousal of a new relationship. Prolactin Prolactin is a peptide hormone primarily produced in the anterior pituitary gland.
It is also thought to mediate the formation of social bonds between mothers and their infants, much like the hormone oxytocin. Prolactin may also act to mediate well-being and the positive effects of close relationships on one's health. To do so, it alters an individual's neuroendocrine system to increase the probability of forming a strong social bond without requiring long gestation periods ; this may enable bonding between mother and child in cases of adoption.
The administration of prolactin to female rats initiates maternal behavior, and in bird and fish fathers, it can increase paternal behavior, whereas antagonists to prolactin decrease paternal behavior. In a different study where fathers and infants were observed over a six-months period after the child was born, the researchers found that fathers with higher prolactin levels were more likely to facilitate play with their infant.
Moreover, following the birth of the child, prolactin promotes bonding between the father and the newborn. Prolactin levels can also increase during socially stressful situations in humans. The TSST is a widely accepted stress test in which the research subject undergoes a mock job interview and then a mental arithmetic task in front of a three-person committee.
This test is proven to simulate social psychological stress. There is a large variation in the amount prolactin levels increase in different individuals, however the effect is not significantly different between men and women  Main article: Interpersonal ties Inwhile a freshman history major at HarvardMark Granovetter became enamored of the concepts underlying the classic chemistry lecture in which "weak" hydrogen bonds hold huge numbers of water molecules together, which themselves are held together by "strong" covalent bonds.
This model was the stimulus behind his famous paper The Strength of Weak Ties, which is now considered a classic paper in sociology. Weak social bonds are believed to be responsible for the majority of the embeddedness and structure of social networks in society as well as the transmission of information through these networks.
Specifically, more novel information flows to individuals through weak than through strong ties. Because our close friends tend to move in the same circles that we do, the information they receive overlaps considerably with what we already know.
Acquaintances, by contrast, know people that we do not, and thus receive more novel information. Siblings generally spend more time together during childhood than they do with parents. The sibling bond is often complicated and is influenced by factors such as parental treatment, birth orderpersonality, and people and experiences outside the family.
The jealousy mechanism is activated if a committed romantic relationship is threatened by a rival. In heterosexual relationships, the rival is an individual of the opposite sex; in homosexual relationships, the rival is of the same sex.
Outline of relationships
The rival can be imagined, suspected, or real. The minimal requirement for an individual to be perceived as a rival is fulfilled if the partner is assumed to be attracted to this other person and if this attraction is considered sufficient to eventually result in the partner's infidelity. It is less clear whether someone should be considered a rival who is attracted to the partner when the partner does not return this attraction, as in this case a partner's infidelity appears rather unlikely.
Rivalry economics In economicsboth goods and producers of goods are said to be rivals. A good is said to be rivalrous if its consumption by one consumer prevents simultaneous consumption by other consumers. The competition of commercial rivals If a commercial rival continues to gain, there is some likelihood that its closest competitor will be excluded altogether from the market in question, or else reduced to a marginal position there.