Create, edit or delete a relationship - Access
Calculated Field Properties (Access only). 13 .. It is particularly important to set a primary key when creating relationships between tables as Access uses. how to define relationships in a database in Access , Access , This article applies only to a Microsoft Access database .mdb or. Link tables in Access desktop databases by adding joins and creating relationships.
To see only tables, click Tables.
Create, edit or delete a relationship
To see only queries, click Queries. To see both tables and queries, click Both. Select one or more tables or queries and then click Add. When you have finished adding tables and queries to the Relationships window, click Close. Drag a field typically the primary key from one table to the common field the foreign key in the other table. To drag multiple fields, press the CTRL key, click each field, and then drag them.
The Edit Relationships dialog box appears. Verify that the field names shown are the common fields for the relationship. If a field name is incorrect, click the field name and select a new field from the list.
Guide to table relationships
To enforce referential integrity for this relationship, select the Enforce Referential Integrity check box.
For more information about referential integrity, see the Understanding Referential Integrity and the Enforce Referential Integrity sections. The relationship line is drawn between the two tables. If you selected the Enforce Referential Integrity check box, the line appears thicker at each end. This means the Indexed property for these fields should be set to Yes No Duplicates.
If both fields have a unique index, Access creates a one-to-one relationship. This means the Indexed property for this field should be set to Yes No Duplicates. The field on the "many" side should not have a unique index. When one field has a unique index and the other does not, Access creates a one-to-many relationship.Microsoft Access 2007 2010 part 4 (Relational Database)
Create a table relationship by using the Field List pane You can add a field to an existing table that is open in Datasheet view by dragging it from the Field List pane. The Field List pane shows fields available in related tables and also fields available in other tables. When you drag a field from an "other" unrelated table and then complete the Lookup Wizard, a new one-to-many relationship is automatically created between the table in the Field List pane and the table to which you dragged the field.
This relationship, created by Access, does not enforce referential integrity by default. To enforce referential integrity, you must edit the relationship. See the section Change a table relationship for more information. Open a table in Datasheet view On the File tab, click Open. In the Open dialog box, select and open the database. In the Navigation Pane, right-click the table to which you want to add the field and create the relationship, and then click Open.
The Field List pane appears. The Field List pane shows all of the other tables in your database, grouped into categories.
When you work with a table in Datasheet view, Access displays fields in either of two categories in the Field List pane: Fields available in related tables and Fields available in other tables. The first category lists all of the tables that have a relationship with the table you are currently working with.
The second category lists all of the tables with which your table does not have a relationship.
To add a field to your table, drag the field that you want from the Field List pane to the table in Datasheet view. Drag the field that you want from the Field List pane to the table that is open in Datasheet view. When the insertion line appears, drop the field in position. The Lookup Wizard starts. Follow the instructions to complete the Lookup Wizard. The field appears in the table in Datasheet view. When you drag a field from an "other" unrelated table and then complete the Lookup Wizard, a new one-to-many relationship is automatically created between the table in the Field List and the table to which you dragged the field.
Top of Page Delete a table relationship To remove a table relationship, you must delete the relationship line in the Relationships window. Carefully position the cursor so that it points at the relationship line, and then click the line.
The relationship line appears thicker when it is selected. Note that when you remove a relationship, you also remove referential integrity support for that relationship, if it is enabled. As a result, Access will no longer automatically prevent the creation of orphan records on the "many" side of a relationship. The Relationships window appears.
If you have not yet defined any relationships and this is the first time you are opening the Relationships window, the Show Table dialog box appears. If the dialog box appears, click Close. All tables that have relationships are displayed, showing relationship lines. Click the relationship line for the relationship that you want to delete. Access might display the message Are you sure you want to permanently delete the selected relationship from your database?.
If this confirmation message appears, click Yes. If either of the tables employed in the table relationship are in use, perhaps by another person or process, or in an open database object such as a formyou will not be able to delete the relationship.
You must first close any open objects that use these tables before you can remove the relationship. Top of Page Change a table relationship You change a table relationship by selecting it in the Relationships window and then editing it. Carefully position the cursor so that it points at the relationship line, and then click the line to select it. This means that the Indexed property for these fields should be set to Yes No Duplicates.
If both fields have a unique index, Access creates a one-to-one relationship.
This means that the Indexed property for this field should be set to Yes No Duplicates. The field on the many side should not have a unique index. It can have an index, but it must allow duplicates. When one field has a unique index, and the other does not, Access creates a one-to-many relationship.
Create a relationship in an Access web app The Relationships window isn't available in an Access web app. Instead of creating a relationship in an Access web app, you create a lookup field that gets values from a related field in another table. The field that your lookup will use as the source for values must already exist before you create your lookup field. Open the table where you want to create a new lookup field by double-clicking it in the navigation.
In the above example, click the Employees table. Click in the Field Name column just below the last field in the table and type a name for your new lookup field. In the example, type Region as the field name. In the Data Type column, click the arrow and select Lookup. Create a third table. This is the junction table. In the junction table, add new fields that have the same definitions as the primary key fields from each table that you created in step 1.
In the junction table, the primary key fields function as foreign keys. You can add other fields to the junction table, just as you can to any other table. In the junction table, set the primary key to include the primary key fields from the other two tables. Note To create a primary key, follow these steps: Open a table in Design view. Select the field or fields that you want to define as the primary key.
To select one field, click the row selector for the desired field.
Create a relationship - Access
To select multiple fields, hold down the Ctrl key, and then click the row selector for each field. In Access or in Accessclick Primary Key on the toolbar. Define a one-to-many relationship between each primary table and the junction table. Referential integrity Referential integrity is a system of rules that Access uses to make sure that relationships between records in related tables are valid, and that you do not accidentally delete or change related data.
The matching field from the primary table is a primary key or has a unique index.
- How to define relationships between tables in an Access database
- Create a relationship
- Create a one-to-many relationship in Access
The related fields have the same data type. There are two exceptions. Both tables belong to the same Access database. If the tables are linked tables, they must be tables in Access format, and you must open the database in which they are stored to set referential integrity.
Referential integrity cannot be enforced for linked tables from databases in other formats. The following rules apply when you use referential integrity: You cannot enter a value in the foreign key field of the related table that does not exist in the primary key of the primary table. However, you can enter a Null value in the foreign key.
This specifies that the records are unrelated.
Guide to table relationships - Access
For example, you cannot have an order that is assigned to a customer who does not exist. You cannot delete a record from a primary table if matching records exist in a related table. For example, you cannot delete an employee record from the "Employees" table if there are orders assigned to the employee in the "Orders" table.
You cannot change a primary key value in the primary table if that record has related records. For example, you cannot change an employee's ID in the "Employees" table if there are orders assigned to that employee in the "Orders" table.
Cascading updates and deletes For relationships in which referential integrity is enforced, you can specify whether you want Access to automatically cascade update or cascade delete related records. If you set these options, delete and update operations that would usually be prevented by referential integrity rules are enabled. When you delete records or change primary key values in a primary table, Access makes the necessary changes to related tables to preserve referential integrity.
Access cascades updates without displaying any message. For example, if you delete a customer record from the "Customers" table, all the customer's orders are automatically deleted from the "Orders" table.