China–India relations - Wikipedia
Short Paragraph on India and China Relationship. Article shared by. In ancient times, India and China had close trade and cultural relations. Related Essays. China and India share a very old history and relationship. Throughout the first millennium, they were the centres of spiritual and religious. China's International Relation with India and others World Giants China's theory of foreign relations started in pre-modern days, when China was the Middle.
However, the relation between India and China has remained cold since the war of and the mistrust between these two countries have been prevailing since then. China, economy has developed itself at a greater pace and has established as the new economic superpower on the world stage.
However, it has failed miserably on human rights, democracy and social freedom. India, on the other hand, has managed to balance economic development with liberal human rights. Although it has not kept pace with China as far as economic prosperity is concerned, however, it has preserved its cultural diversity, secularism, democratic socialism and so on. These two countries have been engaged in vibrating trade and business. China is willing to invest heavily in Indian economy.
India also wants to establish the lost cultural ties between the two countries. However, the deep-rooted mistrust, diplomacy and competition to emerge as superpowers have caused the persistence in the strained relationship between India and China.
In spite of Modi's aggressive foreign policy agenda, as evident from a plethora of important leaders and visits from both countries, the relation between these countries have remained cold.
These two countries remain at loggerheads on a plethora of issues, such as Border disputes, China's support to Pakistan on various issues, China's obstruction in India's bid for NSG membership and permanent seat of the Security Council, huge trade imbalances, dumping of Chinese goods in India, India's support to Vietnam and so on.
During the various visits of the respective heads of states of India and China, following agreements have been made: Know about India-Afghanistan Relations Apart from these agreements, the cooperation between India and China have been evident on the following issues: However, in spite of all these agreements and co-operation, India and China are entangled with a plethora of issues as mentioned below: At the time of Sino-Indian border conflict, the India's Communist Party was accused by the Indian government as being pro-PRC, and a large number of its political leaders were jailed.
Relations between the PRC and India deteriorated during the rest of the s and the early s while the China—Pakistan relations improved and the Sino-Soviet relations worsened.India and China Relations Important Points for UPSC CSE 2018 - International Relations
Between andan all-weather road was built across territory claimed by India, linking PRC's Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region with Pakistan; India could do no more than protest.
The PRC continued an active propaganda campaign against India and supplied ideological, financial, and other assistance to dissident groups, especially to tribes in northeastern India. Sri Lanka played the role of chief negotiator for the withdrawal of Chinese troops from the Indian territory.
Both countries agreed to Colombo's proposals. On 11 September, Chinese troops opened fire on a detachment of Indian soldiers tasked with protecting an engineering company that was fencing the North Shoulder of Nathu La.
This escalated over the next five days to an exchange of heavy artillery and mortar fire between the Indian and Chinese forces. Sixty-two Indian soldiers were killed. On 1 Octobersome Indian and Chinese soldiers had an argument over the control of a boulder at the Chola outpost in Sikkim then a protectorate of Indiatriggering a fight that escalated to a mortar and heavy machine gun duel.
While Indian forces would sustain eighty-eight troops killed in action with another troops wounded, China would suffer less casualties, with 32 killed and 91 wounded in Nathu Laas well as forty in Chola.
Although China strongly condemned India, it did not carry out its veiled threat to intervene on Pakistan's behalf. Inthe Indian Minister of External Affairs Atal Bihari Vajpayee made a landmark visit to Beijing, and both countries officially re-established diplomatic relations in The PRC modified its pro-Pakistan stand on Kashmir and appeared willing to remain silent on India's absorption of Sikkim and its special advisory relationship with Bhutan.
The PRC's leaders agreed to discuss the boundary issue, India's priority, as the first step to a broadening of relations. The two countries hosted each other's news agencies, and Mount Kailash and Mansarowar Lake in Tibet, the mythological home of the Hindu pantheonwere opened to annual pilgrimages.
India also undertook infrastructural development in disputed areas.
IAS Main Exam IR Topic : India and China Relations
In the winter ofthe Chinese deployed their troops to the Sumdorong Chu before the Indian team could arrive and built a Helipad at Wandung. Sundarjiairlifted a brigade to the region. However, Indian foreign minister N. In the PRC insisted on mutual concessions without defining the exact terms of its "package proposal" or where the actual line of control lay. In andthe negotiations achieved nothing, given the charges exchanged between the two countries of military encroachment in the Sumdorung Chu Valley.
China's construction of a military post and helicopter pad in the area in and India's grant of statehood to Arunachal Pradesh formerly the North-East Frontier Agency in February caused both sides to deploy troops to the area. There has also to date been six rounds of talks held between designated Special Representatives from both countries on the border issue Rediff. This is significant in that it has raised the level and stakes of border talks from the foreign secretary level of before, and, seen in the context of the unsuccessful border talks of the s as well as the 15 rounds of meetings under the auspices of the Joint Working Group, is indicative of the renewed commitment on both sides to find a viable solution to the border issue, despite the fact that a political framework for solving the problem still proves obscure.
A significant aspect of the June agreement was that India reiterated its recognition of Tibet as part of Chinese territory, and made a pact not to support separatist activities by Tibetan exiles in India.
China, on its part, agreed to open a point for border trade in Sikkim, thus indirectly accepting Sikkim's status as part of India. This was given even clearer emphasis by the deliberate publication of a new map in which includes the new delineations. In short, there is definitely room for growing optimism that these one-time adversaries are becoming, if not friends, at least productive partners Shambaugh. Following the change of government in India from May onwards, the leaders of both countries have met again several times, including at the bilateral summit in New Delhi in Apriland are expanding relations on many fronts, not least the economic one.
As Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh was quoted as saying recently, "Who could have imagined that China would emerge as second-largest trade partner? Yew " Now it seems that past predictions of an "Asianization" in which India and China would come together to a prominent position on the world stage is emerging as a distinct possibility Goh.
Both nations have, to date, ostensibly put aside their hostile past in favor of the benefits that friendly relations may bring. Indeed, accompanying their parallel rise is an inexorable sense that for India and China, whether in the economic or strategic sense, or whether pertaining to their aspirations towards global power status, their interests are certainly converging. It is no surprise that rivalry in the oil sector between these two developing giants is aggressive, since India is just as ambitious for goods as China.
The two are battling each other in the search for oil from Sudan to Siberia as they try to protect the resources to fuel their vast economies. Both of Asia's largest rising powers desperately need energy, especially oil. China today imports roughly half of its oil. The latent potential in the Chinese-Indian engagement does not end with joint economic or even collaborative action on the world stage. Germane to sustainable peaceful relations is mutual understanding and consensus on the security front.
Tentative forays into the formation of a strategic partnership have already been made. Couched within Chinese Prime Minister Wen Jiabao's historic visit to India in April and the ensuing agreements, is the possibility of a strategic partnership between the two nations, one that would eventually redesign the world order. India's Foreign Secretary, Shyam Saran has alluded to the "global and strategic" implications of the new Chinese-Indian partnership Cherian.
It is possible that China and India, who have been critical of American unilateralism, may join together in "balancing" the current hegemony. For instance, one critic has postulated that they might take action in opposing the US plan for the weaponry of outer space.
Both countries are able to see beyond their ongoing disagreements, whether over the border issue or the Dalai Lama, to acknowledge the value of cooperation on the strategic front. They have come a long way from hostile posturing and outright war, to economic cooperation and the tentative beginnings of a productive security partnership. The fact that India and China are willing to extend their interaction from the economic sector into the political arena is indicative of the beginnings of maturing confidence between the two, but more than that, both are beginning to recognize the similar issues and concerns that they share.
During former Indian Defense Minister George Fernandez' meeting with Chinese Minister Wen Jiabao inboth came to the conclusion that their main domestic problems included unemployment, regional disparities and the enduring poverty of farmers, which led Fernandez, who was once famous for his hostility towards China, finally to concede, "we are both sailing in the same boat" Goh.
However, it is these surprising parallels between the two countries that make an even deeper form of cooperation advantageous.
Both have embarked in radical economic reform which have to date lifted their respective economies far beyond expectation. Yet, the two also share massive populations with correspondingly huge resource demands, especially for land, water and energy. Furthermore, environmental decay and high HIV infection rates are problems common to both.
In terms of security, both face similar dilemmas: While broad parallels and similarities between these two vastly different countries do not necessarily count for much, there is a worthwhile point to be made in that in some significant ways, both are brought together by their shared interests.
Thus more than just cooperation, lesson learning and policy exchange can be even more profitable between India and China. One sector in which lesson-learning is already taking place is in the all important IT industry, where China's hardware sector is a complement to India's thriving software industry. Today, both countries have in recent times tried and accomplished to fuse diplomatic and economic ties, and as a result, the two countries' relations have become closer and in the present day. Japan is seen as a rival for both China and India, and it seems that the race for being the world's super power never ends.
Japan being the third of the world's largest economic is being threatened by these two newly emerging powers.