Predators: Teachers (Science Trek: Idaho Public Television)
In this activity, students match predators with their prey. People also love these ideas Fun Predator/Prey Relationship Fold-Up resource--and it's FREE!. Teaching youth about predator/prey relationships is a fun, active lesson that helps youth see the importance of ecological concepts. I use this fun activity to introduce adaptation, predator Prey relationships, change over time and camouflage. It gets the students outside having.
Since in the natural world prey outnumber predators, select two to three youth to be predators and eight to 10 youth to be prey. Employ the same strategies of prey making a sound and predators being blind-folded. Once a prey is caught, they become a predator. Eventually all the prey will be caught, which creates a competitive scenario. This creates a unique situation and leads to great discussion about food sources, population dynamics and animal behavior.
Allow all youth to play the various roles of the game so they appreciate what it means to be a predator and a prey.
Keep safety in mind to avoid potential injury, not allowing the activity to get too raucous or out of control. Walking is another way to avoid unnecessary risks. Finally, conclude with a debriefing session allowing youth to express their feelings and ideas about the activity. How did it feel to a predator or prey? What happened when prey became low in numbers? How did some prey avoid being caught? What adaptations do predators have that help them catch prey? What adaptations do prey have to avoid being caught?
Allow youth to ask their own questions.
This activity serves as a starting point for further investigation to the numerous predator-prey relationships that exist and additional research into food chains. The activity can be extended by using pictures of various organisms that can be put together to show predator-prey relationships and simple food chains.
Randomly distribute 3 rabbit cards in the meadow.Predator vs. Prey
Take the fox square and drop it from a height of 10 to 15 cm above the rabbits in an effort to catch a rabbit. At this point in the activity there is no way that the fox can catch the 3 rabbits that it needs to survive and reproduce.
Activities and Lesson Plans — Texas Parks & Wildlife Department
The fox is not allowed to skid and the rabbits should be distributed throughout the field. Complete the data table for generation 1. The fox will starve if it did not land on a rabbit and there will be no surviving fox or new baby fox. At the beginning of generation 2, double the rabbits left at the end of generation 1. A new fox immigrates into the meadow.
Be sure to disperse the rabbits in the meadow. Eventually the rabbit population increases to a level that allows the fox to catch 3 rabbits in a single toss.
If the fox catches 3 rabbits it not only survives but it reproduces too! It has one baby fox for each 3 rabbits that it catches.
Predatory-Prey Relationships: The Fox and the Rabbit game
Therefore, if it catches 6 rabbits it will have 2 babies. Fox are not allowed to cheat, but they should try to be efficient. Stupid foxes result in an overabundance of rabbits. As the number of fox increases, throw the tagboard square once for each fox.
Activities and Lesson Plans
Record the number of rabbits caught by each fox. The simulation is more realistic if the number of new baby fox is based on each foxes' catch rather than merely the total number of rabbits caught in a generation. There are always at least 3 rabbits at the beginning of a generation. If and when the entire rabbit population is wiped out, then three new rabbits immigrate into the meadow.
Remember that the number of rabbits in the meadow needs to be correct at all times. Remove the rabbits caught and add new ones as indicated by your data table. Model about sixteen generations and predict nine more or up to a total of 25 generations.
Base the prediction on the pattern observed during the first sixteen generations. Graph the data for 25 generations. Place both the rabbit and the fox data the first two columns of the data table on the same graph so that the interrelationship can be easily observed.
Label the vertical axis "Number of Animals" and the horizontal axis "Generations. There are many versions of this simulation in use.
Other versions include owl and mice, etc.
- Predators: Teachers
- Environmental games and activities: Predator-prey relationships
If your students are unable to run the simulation at their own workstations then it may be played on an overhead projector.